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  1. 1

    Managing complications in pregnancy and childbirth: a guide for midwives and doctors. Second edition.

    World Health Organization [WHO]; United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]; UNICEF

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2017. 492 p. (Integrated Management Of Pregnancy And Childbirth)

    Since the first edition was published in 2000, the Managing Complications in Pregnancy and Childbirth (MCPC) manual has been used widely around the world to guide the care of women and newborns who have complications during pregnancy, childbirth and the immediate postnatal period. The MCPC manual targets midwives and doctors working in district-level hospitals. Selected chapters from the first edition of the MCPC were revised in 2016 based on new World Health Organization recommendations, resulting in this second edition.
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  2. 2

    Can midwives be trained to insert IUDS? Results from Turkey.

    Dervisoglu AA

    ENTRE NOUS. 1988 Oct; (12):10-2.

    Beginning in the 1960s, the Turkish government placed a emphasis on the importance of family planning in an effort to improve maternal and child health (MCH) services. While the IUD has proven adequate for women in Turkey, insertion and proper use have created problems. The IUD program has had difficulty in gaining the acceptance of male physicians in Turkey, and because there are few female physicians in the country, a problem with implementation of the program arose. 1 solution suggested that non-physician personnel learn to insert the IUD and be able to examine IUD patients. Assistant nurse-midwives were surveyed in a 3-phase project carried out by the staff of the Department of Public Health of Hacettepe University in Ankara with WHO. In the 1st phase, a training method was created with competence comparison of the assistant midwives to physicians following in the 2nd phase. The 3rd phase of the project studied the use of non-physician services throughout the country. It was found that assistant nurse-midwives were equally capable of IUD insertions and check-ups and that IUD services can now reach rural areas of the country beyond the range of traditional medical services.
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  3. 3

    The eastern Mediterranean region.

    Baasher T

    In: Bannerman RH, Burton J, Ch'en Wen-Chieh. Traditional medicine and health care coverage: a reader for health administrators and practitioners. Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization, 1983. 253-62.

    This article describes the present state of traditional medicine in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and its future prospects with special emphasis on the role of WHO in the promotion and development of research activities. Attitude and the official policy towards traditional medicine vary from country to country. In practically all the countries 2 systems of health care are in operation--allopathic or modern medicine, which comes under official regulations by the State, and traditional medicine, which is community-related and generally self-developed. Professional and community attitudes, official policies, the categories of traditional practitioners, and techniques used in diagnosis and treatment are discussed. The diagnosis is essentially based on general observations and history taking. Usually no resort is had to medical instruments or to laboratory tests to establish a diagnosis. The techniques used in treatment can be grouped under physical remedies, social and psychotherapeutic practices. The physical remedies are mainly the prescription of certain diets, the use of drugs and chemicals, cautery, simple surgical operations, bonesetting, massage, hydrotherapy, cupping, and bloodletting. The psychotherapeutic devises may be simple practices for protection or may entail a complex group interaction and abreactive measures. The ancient Zar cult, for example, is a psychodramatic technique based on musical therapy and group activity. The only available statistical data are for the traditional birth attendants (TBA), and even these are limited. TBA's attend about 99% of mothers in Pakistan, 80% in Iraq, 60% in Iran and 50% in Egypt. Although some countries have no organized training for traditional practitioners, others have a long and rich background in the field of training. Innovative approaches in Sudan and Pakistan are mentioned and significant contributions to traditional pharmacopoeia and research activities in traditional medicine are discussed. WHO has played a major role in the development programs to promote traditional medicine and to investigate its optimal utilization in modern medical health services.
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