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Manila, Philippines, World Health Organization [WHO], Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2002.  p.A 100% condom use programme (100% CUP), targeting female sex workers in entertainment establishments, is important in prevention and control of STIs, including HIV. Monitoring and evaluation to measure the progress of the programme is one of its essential components, and requires appropriate indicators. An indicator is a way in which to quantify or measure the magnitude of progress toward something one is trying to achieve in a programme, whether it is a process, an outcome or an impact. Indicators are just that - they simply give an indication of magnitude or direction of change over time. They cannot tell managers much about why the changes have or have not taken place. While a single indicator cannot measure everything, knowing the magnitude and direction of change in achieving a programme objective is critical information for a manager. A good indicator for monitoring and evaluation needs to be: relevant to the programme; feasible to collect and analyse; easy to interpret; and able to measure change over time. Identifying an indicator to be followed in a 100% CUP also demands attention to how that indicator will be defined, the source of the information needed for it, and the timeframe for its collection and analysis. (excerpt)
Population Today. 2000 Feb-Mar; 28: p..In sub-Saharan Africa, insecticide-treated materials (ITMs)--primarily mosquito nets or bed nets--have protected pregnant women and reduced mortality among infants and children. According to the WHO, the use of treated bed nets can reduce rates of severe malaria by an average of 45% and decrease childhood mortality rates between 25% and 35%. Since the nets and insecticide have proven so effective that access to them furthers public health, the WHO, UN Children's Fund, and the US Agency for International Development (USAID) have committed in the distribution of ITMs. The international donors have also supported the public sector and nongovernmental organizations in selling health products and services at affordable prices and motivating people to use them. However, Will Shaw, director of international public health with the Academy for Educational Development (AED), pointed out several limitations of donor-funded ITM programs. Hence, under a cooperative agreement with USAID, AED will work with the S.C. Johnson company and other international and local partners on the Africa NetMark regional project, promoting the commercial distribution of ITMs.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2001 Nov 15 2 p. (Press Release WHO/49)The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is one of the 22 "high burden" countries that account for 80% of the global tuberculosis (TB) cases. This high incidence is due in part to past natural disasters, which have created the types of living conditions that fuel TB, and a deteriorating socioeconomic environment that makes purchase of medicines a challenge. In this regard, Korea's National TB Control Programme has expanded the Direct Observation Treatment, Short-course (DOTS) for TB across the country. Part of the Stop TB partnership with WHO, the Global TB Drug Facility (GDF), has made available TB drugs that treat nearly 33,000 people suffering from TB in Korea. Launched in March 2001, GDF is a global purchasing and distribution mechanism to expand access to high-quality TB drugs. Drugs supplied through the GDF will help secure an uninterrupted supply of high-quality drugs for DOTS expansion. In addition to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, 11 other countries will receive support through GDF.