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In: Files LA, ed. Research on the management of population programs: an international workshop. Chapel Hill, NC, Univ. of NC, School of Public Health, Dept. of Health Administration and the Carolina Population Center, 1980. 91-108.There are 2 types of government-sponsored national family planning programs, those which operate within narrowly-defined parameters and recognize local constraints and those which, with the support of politicians, aim at all the national population problems. The trend has been toward the 2nd, more comprehensive type of program. Since population programs in most countries began as medically-based family planning programs, they have been cut off from broader affiliations. Once domestic funding increases, the programs will gain autonomy in program direction. The World Bank offers program funds aimed at establishing effective management policies for the national population programs. A 1st step in Bank funding is an assessment of organizational and managerial problems. The Bank also focuses on management and personnel at the micro level. Most Asian programs are felt to be strong and effective; Latin American programs fall slightly behind the Asian programs; programs in Africa lag far behind. Immediate future steps for the programs in each of the continental regions are outlined. A summary of management components in Bank population projects in several selcted countries is presented. A funding summary for these management activities is tabulated.