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Manila, Philippines, World Health Organization [WHO], Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2002.  p.A 100% condom use programme (100% CUP), targeting female sex workers in entertainment establishments, is important in prevention and control of STIs, including HIV. Monitoring and evaluation to measure the progress of the programme is one of its essential components, and requires appropriate indicators. An indicator is a way in which to quantify or measure the magnitude of progress toward something one is trying to achieve in a programme, whether it is a process, an outcome or an impact. Indicators are just that - they simply give an indication of magnitude or direction of change over time. They cannot tell managers much about why the changes have or have not taken place. While a single indicator cannot measure everything, knowing the magnitude and direction of change in achieving a programme objective is critical information for a manager. A good indicator for monitoring and evaluation needs to be: relevant to the programme; feasible to collect and analyse; easy to interpret; and able to measure change over time. Identifying an indicator to be followed in a 100% CUP also demands attention to how that indicator will be defined, the source of the information needed for it, and the timeframe for its collection and analysis. (excerpt)
Report of the Asia-Pacific POPIN Expert Working Group on Population Information Networking, 16-20 October 1986, Beijing, China.
Bangkok, Thailand, [ESCAP], 1987. 54 p. (Asian Population Studies Series No. 83; ST/ESCAP/517; RAS/86/P14)An infrastructure for the collection, analysis, dissemination, and utilization of population data and information has been established in the Asia-Pacific Region to help national planners to formulate effective population policies and monitor family planning programs. At present, there are 13 national population information popin centers in the region. The Asia-Pacific POPIN Expert Working Group on Population Information Networking met in Beijing in October 1986 to consider areas where networking could strengthen national population information centers and services, to identify priority areas for action and development in the coming period, and to recommend modalities for the realization of specific networking activities. Conference participants noted that further emphasis on population information networking would increase the exchange of useful, multidisciplinary information among countries and lead to improvements in the structure and management of various population programs. In view of the important role that each of the subregional, regional, and global POPIN networks plays in information dissemination, it was recommended that the 2-way flow of population information from the national POPIN centers to the subregional networks to the regional and global networks and vice versa should be enhanced. Creation of an advisory committee to suggest ways and means to further institutionalize Asia-Pacific POPIN in terms of coordination, policy formation, and program planning was also recommended. Technical working groups focused on computerization and dissemination were suggested as well. Considering ESCAP's resource constraints, it was recommended that the developed countries and international donor agencies be approached to provide adequate funding support. Finally, each national POPIN center was urged to develop a standardized model for subnational networks suitable to the country's socioeconomic conditions.
New York, New York, FPIA, . 227 p.This report summarizes the work of Family Planning International Assistance (FPIA) since its inception in 1971, with particular emphasis on activities carried out in 1983. The report's 6 chapters are focused on the following areas: Africa Regional Report, Asia and Pacific Regional Report, Latin America Regional Report, Inter-Regional Report, Program Management Information, and Fiscal Information. Included in the regional reports are detailed descriptions of activities carried out by country, as well as tables on commodity assistance in 1983. Since 1971, FPIA has provided US$54 million in direct financial support for the operation of more than 300 family planning projects in 51 countries. In addition, family planning commodities (including over 600 million condoms, 120 million cycles of oral contraceptives, and 4 million IUDs) have been shipped to over 3000 institutions in 115 countries. In 1982 alone, 1 million contraceptive clients were served by FPIA-assisted projects. Project assistance accounts for 52% of the total value of FPIA assistance, while commodity assistance comprises another 47%. In 1983, 53% of project assistance funds were allocated to projects in the Asia and Pacific Region, followed by Africa (32%) and Latin America (15%). Of the 1 million new contraceptive acceptors served in 198, 42% selected oral contraceptives, 27% used condoms, and 8% the IUD.
Concern. 1976 Mar; 4-5.The legal aspects of distribution of contraceptives in the East and South East Asia and Oceania (ESEAO) region are discussed. In 1976 consumers of the health service delivery system are seeking preventive care either in health dispensaries or at drug distribution networks. However, the distribution of orals is limited legally in many countries because of requirements that: 1) only medical practitioners may prescribe them, and 2) only registered pharmacists may sell them. Some countries have attempted to amend or interpret these restrictive regulations. The International Planned Parenthood Federation Central Medical Committee and the Law Panel recommend the following ways of interpreting the laws: 1) the technique of "standing orders" 2) the technique of signed prescriptions, and 3) the technique of countersigning prescriptions. In the new model of health delivery, the health worker dispenses the drugs free, providing more extensive services and better quality care to more people by health and auxiliary personnel. New laws and health regulations have been adopted in some countries of the ESEAO region to facilitate this new model.
New York, FPIA, 1975. 13 pFPIA promotes family planning in the developing world by providing money, materials, and know-how to the local agencies which need them most and use them best. The organization works through agencies people know and trust, using methods that will work in areas where the need is greatest. This approach gives the program exceptional reach and leverage. In its 1st 3 years of operation, the FPIA Program built a unique international delivery system through which tools people need for family planning can reach them promptly. Work is done through 400 carefully chosed constituent agencies in 64 countries. Most of these agencies are church-related, and a growing number are Catholic. The work of FPIA is based on the premise that a worldwide delivery system through which family planning can be provided already exists. Essential to the program is continuing discovery of new ways of working through its constituent agencies. Brief reports are provided of the help provided by FPIA to Colombia, Nepal, Ghana, the Philippines, Haiti, Indonesia, Peru, Manila, and Kenya. FPIA is careful to focus its resources on areas of greatest need. It distributes its services according to a comprehensive profile of comparative need.
[Unpublished] 1973 Apr. 33 p.A tentative inventory of 31 countries' efforts in commercial distribution of contraceptives is presented in outline form. Funding sources for each project are usually listed, as well as a very brief description of the project. Examples range from contraceptive distribution through a coupon system in Costa Rica to the marketing of condoms through barbershop promotion in Korea.