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    798759

    World employment programme: population and development: a progress report on ILO research with special reference to labour, employment and income distribution. 2nd ed.

    International Labour Office [ILO]

    Geneva, Switzerland, ILO, 1979. 89 p.

    Research on population issues in the International Labour Organization started in 1972 as a component of the World Employment Programme (WEP). At the origin of the WEP was a concern that growth in the Third World would be insufficient to the mass of the population. A broadly defined work program on the interrelationships between population, employment, and income distribution evolved into linking of technical cooperation and other action programs utilizing the results of the research program. The major policy issues addressed by the research include: policies to be adopted towards labor supply, in particular female labor; how different aspects of economic and noneconomic activities and their welfare implications can affect labor market policy design; and, design of policies to influence the role and status of women. A systems approach toward economic-demographic relationships is taken. Subjects studied in depth include fertility levels and their association with economic factors, and consumption patterns and their interaction with household size and structure. Many of the most important relationships between population and development have their roots in behavior patterns at the individual, household or community level. The major issues demonstrated to be important are the conceptual issues involved in the notion of labor supply, the inadequacy of neoclassical models based on a dubious idea of the household, and, the need to analyze the sexual division of labor.
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