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New York, New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2005.  p. (ST/ESA/SER.A/247)The HIV/AIDS epidemic has been a gathering force for nearly a quarter-century, and it continues to be a major global challenge. AIDS finds its victims in both rich and poor countries. There is no region of the world where HIV/AIDS is not a potentially serious threat to the population. Sub-Saharan Africa has so far borne the brunt of the AIDS devastation, and the region continues to experience high rates of infection. About 3 million people in the region were newly infected with the virus in 2004. Countries in Eastern Europe and Asia now have the fastest-growing rates of HIV infection in the world, and the populous countries of China, India and Indonesia are of particular concern. In some more developed countries, there are signs of a resurgence of risky sex between men. (excerpt)
Women, gender and HIV / AIDS. Women bear the heaviest HIV / AIDS burden, but they can’t prevent its spread by themselves.
Countdown 2015: Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for All. 2004; (Spec No):65-68.Women, especially young women, are increasingly the face of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. About half of all adults infected with HIV worldwide are women, although this proportion varies by region. In sub-Saharan Africa, 75 percent of those infected are young women and girls, and the proportion of pregnant young women in capital cities who are HIV positive—an indicator of how the epidemic is spreading— remains high in five of the most populous countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Recent data from South Africa, one of the countries hardest hit by HIV/AIDS, showed that 10.2 percent of all 15- to 24-year-olds were infected in 2003, and three of every four HIV-infected young people were female. In the United States, AIDS is now the leading cause of death among African-American women age 25-34. Even in Thailand and Cambodia, relative HIV-prevention success stories, the epidemic increasingly affects women: The rate of new infection is now higher among women than men, and many of those women are the wives of HIV-positive men. (excerpt)