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Shift of emphasis in the allocation of resources: a new policy of the International Planned Parenthood Federation.
London, England, IPPF, May 1982. 12 p. (IPPF Fact Sheet)Explains the basis of the International Planned Parenthood Federation's (IPPF) Shift of Emphasis Policy, its implementation, and the extent to which it took effect in the allocation of resources in 1982. Most of IPPF's budget is spent directly in support of family planning activities in individual countries through private family planning associations. The Shift of Emphasis Policy's main intention is to channel IPPF funds increasingly towards the poorest countries where the need for family planning services and supplies is high and resources are scarce. Since the adoption of the policy, a set of criteria has been developed for its implementation within the framework of the existing resource allocation system. IPPF's concern is to serve those in greatest need; the new policy is an attempt to change resource allocation patterns to reflect this concern. Implementation is guided by 2 principles: 1) that the overall funds available to the Federation should not be increased, and 2) that the shift be gradual to ensure that ongoing programs are not set back by sudden changes in funding. The Policy's implementation is affected by broader issues related to development aid. First is the difficulty of ensuring the most cost effective use of funds, while at the same time supporting new activities to serve those in greatest need. The second issue concerns the distribution of funds within countries. Criteria for the process of implementation fall into the categories of country factors and Family Planning Association factors. Country factors include the level of socioeconomic development, the demographic situation, the need for family planning, and other factors which affect the overall family planning situation in a country. Family Planning Association factors depend on such things as the presence of local individuals and associations, and their capacity to use resources effectively to meet needs.