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  1. 1
    099911

    Statement of Romania.

    Gherman O

    [Unpublished] 1994. Presented at the International Conference on Population and Development [ICPD], Cairo, Egypt, September 5-13, 1994. [5] p.

    The president of Romania, Mr. Ion Iliescu, sent a message to the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo, September 5-13, 1994. Romania considers the current draft Program of Action to outline a consistent body of principles and objectives, with the means to implement them, entailing the common responsibilities of states to each other and to mankind in general. All programs aiming at the improvement of the human condition have to overcome poverty, particularly in view of the increasing gap between the rich and poor nations. These discrepancies also need to be eliminated because global migratory movements cause major dislocations for recipient nations, create xenophobia, and deprive sending countries of much needed talent. Family planning is often unavailable for impoverished couples. Each person should have free access to air, water, education, and contraceptives. The equality of the sexes also requires equal allotment of duties between them, thereby alleviating the excessive workloads of women. The previous dictatorship in Romania pursued a destructively pronatalist policy to boost the population. The rebuilding of Romanian society requires the strengthening of the family. The Romanian government appreciates the technical assistance in family planning extended by the United Nations Fund for Population Activities as well as the assistance received from the European Union through the PHARE program, from UNICEF, and from the World Bank. The basic issues of the UN Agenda for Development are supported and the successful conclusion of the conference is wished.
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  2. 2
    025603

    Alternative approaches to meeting basic health needs in developing countries: a joint UNICEF/WHO study.

    Djukanovic V; Mach EP

    Geneva, World Health Organization, 1975. 116 p.

    Based on the failure of conventional health services and approaches to make any appreciable impact on the health problems of developing populations, this study examined successful or promising systems of delivery of primary health care to identify the key factors in their success and the effect of some of these factors in the development of primary health care within various political, economic, and administrative frameworks. In the selection of new approaches for detailed study, emphasis was placed on actual programs that are potentially applicable in different sociopolitical settings and on programs explicitly recognizing the influence of other social and economic sectors such as agriculture and education on health. Information was gathered from a wide range of sources; including members, meeting reports, and publications of international organizations and agencies, gathered country representatives, and field staff. The 1st section, world poverty and health, focuses on the underprivileged, the glaring contrasts in health, and the obstacles to be overcome--problems of broad choices and approaches, resources, general structure of health services, and technical weasknesses. The main purpose of the case studies described in the 2nd part was to single out, describe, and discuss their most interesting characteristics. The cases comprised 2 major categories: programs adopted nationally in China, Cuba, Tanzania, and, to a certain extent, Venezuela, and schemes covering limited areas in Bangladesh, India, Niger, and Yugoslavia. Successful national programs are characterized by a strong political will that has transformed a practicable methodology into a national endeavor. In all countries where this has happened, health has been given a high priority in the government's general development program. Enterprise and leadership are also found in the 2nd group of more limited schemes. Valuable lessons, both technical and operational, can be derived from this type of effort. In all cases, the leading role of a dedicated individual can be clearly identified. There is also evidence that community leaders and organizations have given considerable support to these projects. External aid has played a part and apparently been well used. Every effort should be made to determine the driving forces behind promising progams and help harness them to national plans.
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