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WHO Chronicle 33(7-8):267-274. July-August 1979.The 350 participants at the 32nd World Health Assembly, held in Geneva from May 11-17, 1979, discussed ways to promote technical cooperation among developing countries (TCDC) and factors which act as constraints to TCDC. The participants agreed that strategies must be developed at the national, regional, and global level and recommended that 1) each country adopt a national health policy and establish an information system with exchange facilities; 2) areas in which regional cooperation is to be vigorously sought are in the manufacture and quality control of drugs, information exchange, and the development of research facilities and training of health personnel; and 3) WHO is to act as a promotor and coodinator for TCDC activities, help develop and facilitate information exchange, and encourage the drug industry to supply drugs on a nonprofit basis to TCDC programs. Constraints on TCDC included 1) the unfounded fear that the TCDC approach will delay the development of self-reliance for 3rd world countries; 2) the lack of administration facilities and structures needed for regional and national coordination; 3) various legal, financial, and political factors which inhibit cooperation; 4) language barriers; and 5) a lack of knowledge about the resources and capabilities available in each country which could be shared by others. Financing of TCDC projects will be done primarily through allocations in the national budgets in each of the developing countries and multinational financing. Funds from UN programs and from other organizations interested in promoting TCDC principles must be sought.
New York, UNFPA, June 1979. (Report No. 13) 151 pThis report is intended to serve, and has already to some extent so served, as part of the background material used by the United Nations Fund for Population Activities to evaluate project proposals as they relate to basic country needs for population assistance to Thailand, and in broader terms to define priorities of need in working towards eventual self-reliance in implementing the country's population activities. The function of the study is to determine the extent to which activities in the field of population provide Thailand with the fundamental capacity to deal with major population problems in accordance with its development policies. The assessment of population activities in Thailand involves a 3-fold approach. The main body of the report examines 7 categories of population activities rather broadly in the context of 10 elements considered to reflect effect ve government action. The 7 categories of population activities are: 1) basic data collection; 2) population dynamics; 3) formulation and evaluation of population policies and programs; 4) implementation of policies; 5) family planning programs; 6) communication a and education; and 7) special programs. The 10 elements comprise: 1) decennial census of population, housing, and agriculture; 2) an effective registration system; 3) assessment of the implications of population trends; 4) formulation of a comprehensive national population policy; 5) implementation of action programs integrated with related programs of economic and social development; 6) continued reduction in the population growth rate; 7) effective utilization of the services of private and voluntary organizations in action programs; 8) a central administrative unit to coordinate action programs; 9) evaluation of the national capacity in technical training, research, and production of equipment and supplies; and 10) maintenance of continuing liason and cooperation with other countries and with regional and international organizations.