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    Recommendations for the further implementation of the World Population Plan of Action.

    International Conference on Population and Development [ICPD] (1994: Cairo)

    [Unpublished] 1994. [46] p.

    In its preamble, this document provides an assessment of population issues in 1994 as compared to 1974 when the United Nations World Population Plan of Action was approved at the World Conference in Bucharest. It then delineates the following major challenges of primary concern to the international community: 1) reducing poverty, 2) improving the status of women; 3) dealing with the increasing annual increments in population; 4) the continued high rate of population growth; 5) changes in population structure; 6) high levels of infant and maternal mortality; 7) the inability of some governments to influence fertility rates; 8) the unmet needs for family planning; 9) the disequilibrium between rates of change in population and changes in resources, the environment, and development; 10) internal migration and urbanization; 11) international migration; 12) refugees; 13) the increasing number of people who lack the basic tools of survival; 14) the consequences of advances in agricultural technology and in genetic engineering; 15) the relatively high proportion of young people in some countries; 16) the data collection, analysis, and utilization needs of developing countries; and 17) the need for increased support to implement the Plan. After placing the Plan firmly within the framework of other intergovernmental strategies and plans, the document makes a special statement of the importance of the world community working for peace. 88 specific recommendations are then addressed to governments but are also applicable to international organizations, nongovernmental organizations, private institutions or organizations, or families and individuals. The recommendations for action encompass the following issues: socioeconomic development, the environment, and population; the role and status of women; development of population policies; population goals and policies; and promotion of knowledge and policy. Recommendations for implementing these actions consider the role of national governments, that of international cooperation, and the monitoring, review, and appraisal process.
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