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Sexually transmitted diseases research needs: report of a WHO consultative group, Copenhagen, 13-14 September 1989.
[Unpublished] 1991. Presented at the 1st International Course on Planning and Managing STD Control Activities in Developing Countries, Antwerp, Belgium, September 9-21, 1991. 31 p.In response to the growing needs for research into sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), the STD Program of the World Health Organization (WHO) in September 1989 convened a small interdisciplinary consultative group of scientists from both developing and more developed countries to review STD research priorities. The consultation was organized based upon the belief that a joint consideration of global STD research priorities and local research capabilities would increase overall research capacity by coordinating the efforts of scientists from around the world to get the job done. Participants considered the areas of biomedical research, clinical and epidemiological research, behavioral research, and operations research. However, research needs directly related to HIV were not considered except where they interfaced with research on other STDs. The above areas of research, as well as the expansion of interregional and interdisciplinary collaborations, the strengthening of research institutions, developing and strengthening research training, and facilitating technology transfer and the use of marketing systems are discussed.
[The Population Council in Latin America and the Caribbean 1985] The Population Council en Latinoamerica y en el Caribe 1985
Mexico D.F., Mexico, The Population Council, . 26 p.This pamphlet describes the work of the Population Council in the Latin America/Caribbean region in the year 1985. Activities are grouped under 5 headings. 1) Health and family planning (FP) activities: The Population Council has been involved with operational research for FP and maternal-child health (MCH) programs in several countries, and on projects as diverse as distribution of oral rehydration equipment (Ecuador) to testing of mass-media promotion of vasectomies (Brazil). A cost-benefit analysis was carried out for FP activities of the Mexican Social Security institution. Social marketing has been explored as an alternative and less costly distribution system for contraceptives in Colombia. Natural FP training as an alternative method was integrated into the array of FP services of the MCH program in Bogota, Colombia. A training viideotape has been used by community health programs in Boyaca, Colombia. 2) Health, Infant Mortality, and Adolescent Fertility: A workshop dealing with the problem of child survival, which is still quite serious in Latin America, was held in Mexico, with the participation of an international panel of experts. A pilot project on adolescent pregancy has been organized paralled with a project of female education and fertility in developing countries. 3) As part of an overall initiative for the introduction of new contraceptives, the NORPLANT implant, which releases levonorgestrel from silastic rubber implants under the skin, was introduced on an experimental basis in several countries. 4) Population and development projects have consisted of working papers, and program evaluations for programs in Mexico, Jamaica, and Peru. 5) Finally grants to students in population-related social and biomedical sciences have been administered by the council: a total of 236 in 18 countries between 1953 and 1985.