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    Influenza pandemic plan. The role of WHO and guidelines for national and regional planning.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response, 1999 Apr. 66 p. (WHO/CDS/CSR/EDC/99.1)

    This document has been prepared to assist medical and public health leaders to better respond to future threats of pandemic influenza. It outlines the separate but complementary roles and responsibilities for the World Health Organization (WHO) and for national authorities when an influenza pandemic appears possible or actually occurs. Specific descriptions are given of the actions to be taken by WHO as it assesses the risk posed by reported new sub-types of influenza, in advance of any epidemic spread. The responsibility for management of the risk from pandemic influenza, should it actually occur, rests primarily with national authorities. WHO strongly recommends that all countries establish multidisciplinary National Pandemic Planning Committees (NPPCs), responsible for developing strategies appropriate for their countries in advance of the next pandemic. In recognition of the individuality of countries, as well as the unpredictability of influenza, this document emphasizes the processes and issues appropriate for WHO and NPPCs, but does not provide a “model plan”. Furthermore, it is anticipated that NPPCs will confront new issues, which will call for additional international dialogue. For example, more consideration is needed about how scarce supplies of vaccines can be shared, and what might be the benefit of cancelling public gatherings to slow the spread of a pandemic virus among unvaccinated populations. (excerpt)
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