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In: Overcoming world hunger, [compiled by] Columbia University. American Assembly. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, 1969. 9-39.In 1969 in the less developed regions of the world, the gross reproduction rate was well above 2, while in the more developed regions it was well below 2. The high variant of the 1963 United Nations world population projections assumed that, after 1970 in the countries with moderately low fertility, the birth rates would be 25/1000 population compared to 20/1000 in lands with very low fertility. A birth rate of 32.6/1000 population for Mainland East Asia (dominated by China) and 43.0 for South Asia was predicted. The suggested average annual rates of global population growth between 1960 and 2000 ranged from a low of 1.5%, a medium value of 1.8% to the high value of 2.1%. From 3 billion in 1960, world population would rise to a low of 5.5 billion, a medium value of 6 billion, and a high value of 7 billion by 2000. THe projected growth for the less-developed regions was 2.1% as opposed to 1.0% even .8% in the more-developed regions IUDs, mainly the Lippes Loop. In 1969, at least 7 million women used then, Oral steroids became popular in the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Britain, and their use was spreading in Europe and Latin America. In India more than 3.2 million sterilizations had been performed, and 2-3 million IUDs had been inserted. In Pakistan the rate of sterilizations was about 10,000 a month and that of IUD insertions over 60,000 a month. In South Korea and in Taiwan, more than 25% of the women of childbearing age were either sterilized or practicing modern contraception. In Taiwan, the birth rate was well over 40/1000 population in 1955 dropping to well below 30 by 1969. Similar low rates in Singapore and Hong Kong were clearly related to the growing prevalence and effectiveness of contraceptive practice. In South Korea,Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore active birth control programs rapidly reduced the birth rates.