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  1. 1

    Displacement: the new 21st century challenge. UNHCR global trends 2012.

    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees [UNHCR]

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNHCR, 2013 Jun 19. [48] p.

    UNHCR's annual Global Trends report, released today, covers displacement that occurred during 2012 based on data from governments, NGO partners, and the UN refugee agency itself. The report shows that as of the end of 2012, more than 45.2 million people were in situations of displacement compared to 42.5 million at the end of 2011. This includes 15.4 million refugees, 937,000 asylum seekers, and 28.8 million people forced to flee within the borders of their own countries. The report does not include the rise in those forced from their homes in Syria during the current year. War remains the dominant cause. A full 55 percent of all refugees listed in UNHCR's report come from just five war-affected countries: Afghanistan, Somalia, Iraq, Syria and Sudan. The report also charts major new displacement from Mali, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and from Sudan into South Sudan and Ethiopia.
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  2. 2

    Continuous reporting system on migration, SOPEMI, 1988. [Sixteenth annual report].

    Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development [OECD]. Directorate for Social Affairs, Manpower and Education

    Paris, France, OECD, 1989. iv, 131 p.

    The 16th annual report of the Continuous Reporting System on Migration (SOPEMI) contains country notes contributed during the annual meeting, November, 1988, a synthesis of migration trends and policies, of integration of migrants into host countries, and of international relations between receiving and sending countries. There is a special appendix resulting from the OECD Working Party on Migration on the fertility of foreigners, and an appendix of statistical tables. Some of the general trends in migration in developed countries are relatively high unemployment, so that inflows consist primarily of family members of foreigners already in the host country; and increasing collaboration on policies because of the coming European Economic Community. The fertility of migrants remains higher than that of nationals in most countries, but as migrants stay, their populations age, and fertility levels approach the low levels seen in host populations.
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