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New York, New York, UNFPA, 1997. 24 p.This UN Population Fund Briefing Kit for 1997 provides information on ten topics. The first discussion, on reproductive rights, reproductive health, and family planning (FP) is augmented by information on how FP saves lives by allowing women to properly time, space, and end births and on recognition of the human right to plan and regulate family size. Section 2 covers issues related to population, development, and the empowerment of women and reviews the mandates included in the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, the 1995 World Summit for Social Development, and the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women. Section 3 links population with sustainable development and environmental degradation and calls for recognition of the skill of women as effective managers of natural resources. The fourth section reviews population trends which estimate an annual increase in world population of 81 million people at a growth rate of 1.5%. Section 5 presents demographic trends by region and highlights the concepts of the "rate of natural increase" and of the "total fertility rate." Section 6 considers migration in terms of internal migration and urbanization and of international migration. The seventh section discusses information, education, and communication as a means of increasing the empowerment contained in the acquisition of knowledge. Section 8 covers the data barrier posed by the lack of reliable vital statistics and/or the failure to disaggregate data in many countries. Filling this data gap is shown to be a priority, especially in order to include the work of women in national accounting and censuses. Section 9 outlines the challenges for population programs in the 21st century, and the final section considers the necessity to craft policies to support the family in its role of providing support and protection for its members.
International Family Planning Perspectives. 1997 Jun; 23(2):86-9.Since the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), researchers have debated the potential gains and losses which may result from the changes which underlay the Cairo Plan of Action. Population policy was redefined at the ICPD through a greater emphasis upon reproductive health and empowering women at the expense of traditional macro-level demographic rationale linking population and development. Policy emphasizing basic individual human rights with a focus upon health, especially for the least empowered, can help lead to the achievement of national demographic objectives in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Senegal. Policy and research agenda, demographics of the Sahel, and a new approach to reducing population growth rates in the region are discussed. High-quality reproductive health services need to be delivered and a better understanding of the determinants of reproductive health behavior attained.