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Nairobi, Kenya, IRIN, 2003 Jul 15. 4 p.Ahmedova maintained that today, Tajiks were eager to practise family planning methods. But according to the 2002 demographic survey conducted by UNFPA, only 45 percent of all married women in the country had used contraception at some stage, and only 31 percent were regularly using it. Modern methods, such as Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD), pills and condoms are most common, with only five percent of women using traditional methods. IUCD remains the most popular contraceptive method. (excerpt)
Data processing for demographic censuses and surveys with special emphasis on methods applicable to developing country environments.
The Hague, Netherlands, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute [NIDI], 1997. , 88 p. (NIDI Report No. 51)This report presents new and enhanced methodological and technological methods for improving quality and controlling costs in census taking and demographic surveys in developing countries. Chapter 1 is devoted to describing the computer environment for the processing of data. Chapter 2 discusses the planning, logistics, and management of surveys and censuses. Chapter 3 discusses data processing support for field activities, such as management of address lists and computerized mapping. Chapters 4 and 5 review office-based tasks such as coding and data entry, optical mark reading, optical character reading and image scanning, and data entry equipment requirements. Chapter 6 focuses on data editing with computers, imputation methods, and a master file for tabulation. Chapter 7 identifies tabulation methods. Chapter 8 describes the post-enumeration survey. Chapter 9 describes demographic data bases for micro and macro data and table-oriented and time-series data bases. Chapter 10 describes dissemination methods, such as printed reports, magnetic media, and on-line and batch on-demand aggregation. Chapter 11 describes potential uses of data from censuses and surveys. Chapter 12 describes requirements for physical infrastructure, data processing equipment, human resources, and technical information. Chapter 13 is a brief conclusion. The annex provides a list of noncommercial software for processing data. Perhaps the most important physical facilities are an adequate continuous electric power supply and related equipment (an internal battery for saving data before shutdown).
INDOCHINA ISSUES. 1988 Jan; (78):1-7.A campaign promoting "1 or at most 2 children" was launched officially in 1982 in Vietnam, a country which ranked 12th most populous in the world in 1987, with the 7th largest annual growth rate. Although major municipalities have registered less than 1.7% annual growth rates, in rural areas, particularly in the southern provinces, the growth rate ranges from 2.3-3.4%; 80% of the population resides in such locales. In April 1986, the Hanoi City People's Committee issued regulations designed to encourage the practice of birth control. Cash awards were offered to couples with only 1 child and payments for sterilization after the birth of a 2nd child. The birth of a 3rd child triggers higher maternity clinic charges, and an escalating scale of birth registration fees has been introduced to discourage failure to practice family planning. The most significant statistic to emerge from the birth control program is the gradual increase in the number of family planning acceptors over the past 5 years, slightly over 1 million couples estimated in 1981 to 4.5 million acceptors estimated for 1987. Between 1981-87 there was more than a doubling of acceptors for sterilization and IUD insertion. The IUD is used by 75% of couples practicing birth control, followed in popularity by the condom. Agencies in a UN triumvirate with special population concerns in Vietnam include the UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), the UN International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF), and the World Health Organization (WHO). In the 3 years preceding 1987, several new UNICEF-supported public information projects were implemented, including the creation of an extensive maternal and child care network. This network was used to train cadres from the Women's Union as family planning motivators. In mid-1986, an experimental and innovative pilot project on "family life" or "parenting information" was initiated by UNICEF, UNFPA, and the Vietnamese Committee for the Protection of Mothers and the Newborn (CPMN). The desired growth rate of 1.1% by 2000 will have to rely on a variety of current program innovations. Surveys now being conducted in various regions of Vietnam reveal attitudinal problems in promoting smaller families. A survey of the members of 300 farming cooperatives in various areas of Vietnam in 1986 found that 60% of those questioned believed that the more children they had the better it would be for their family economy. Cooperative Vietnamese and UN efforts, particularly the innovative surveys and field research, represent valuable approaches, but considerable need remains for improvement in birth control knowledge and application and in the means to reduce child morbidity and mortality rates.
New York, United Nations Fund for Population Activities, 1975, Apr. 50 p. (HAI/70/PO1)A mission was sent to Haiti to evaluate the progress of the census project. Results were: 1) the preparatory work of the census, including mapping, sample selection, household listing, and questionnaire design, was done satisfactorily, and 2) the data collection operation was carried out with a well trained staff but the information on economic characteristics and migration may be less reliable than the basic demographic data on age and sex. The following recommendations were made: 1) that technical and financial support be given to the Haitian government for the establishment within the IHS of a separate unit for demographic analysis and research, 2) in order to ensure full participation by all government departments and private agencies interested in population analysis and research, a coordinating council should be established, 3) the UNFPA should provide limited financial assistance to the Haitian government to construct a building to house the Demographic Analysis and Research Unit, 4) consideration should be given to the organization of a national symposium with appropriate input from the various departments and agencies of the government on the utilization of census data in their respective fields of specialization, 5) a brief summary report should be prepared for distribution, 6) a report on the methodology employed in the demographic survey program should be prepared for limited distribuiton within the government and the UN, 7) the next Haitian census should include a complete count of the population, 8) in future operations the agricultural data should not be collected at the same time as population and housing data, and 9) the Haiti census and survey project should be extended through December 1975.
New York, New York, UNFPA, 1982. 41 p. (Report No. 48)The population of the islands of the Comoros Federal Islamic Republic is extremely poor. An explicit demographic policy does not exist, however there is concern about high fertility, and the level of emigration. The government hopes to improve access to primary health care, and develop programs to combat major diseases. It gives special attention to maternal and child health care including child-spacing. The 1980 Census should help overcome the problem of a lack of basic demographic data. A demographic survey should take place after the census. A civil registration system should be created. Malaria and malnutrition are health problems. A study of home deliveries, a significant cause of maternal mortality, should be made. Methods of transporting people to hospitals should be improved. National epidemiological studies and research should be ongoing projects. Since women have not been integrated into the development effort, the Mission recommends that: 1) a study be taken on the roles and functions of the country's women; 2) a small grant to the Comorian Union of Women should be given; and 3) studies in the areas of population and health education should possibly be financed.