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Male, Maldives, Ministry of Education, Non-Formal Education Unit, 1988 Nov. , 86 p.The population growth rate of Maldives is over 3.2% and is one of the highest in the region. The development rate is over 12% and the literacy rate is 93% for both males and females and there is a high participation rate for basic education. The government has launched a population education program with assistance from UNFPA and UNESCO. Through the educational process people will be equipped to make rational decisions on population problems of the future. The long range objective of this program is to make young adults aware of the inter- relationships of population and aspects of quality of life, and that population growth rate is an important factor affecting their lives as well as the socio-economic development of their family. The immediate objectives are to strengthen the educational development center, to contribute to life preparation of children, to enhance social living of adults and youth not in school, to develop the competence of over 500 teachers, and to convey population education messages to as many islanders as possible. The messages that will be included in the curriculum include family size and family welfare, delayed marriage, responsible parenthood, population and resources, and population related beliefs and values. The teaching process for addressing the moral dilemma includes introducing and confronting the dilemma, then establishing individual positions for action and establishment of the class response to the position of action. The next step is selecting an appropriate strategy and examining different individual reasons within the class group. Major methods used in this training include hierarchical, peer group, mobile training, self learned, correspondence, linked training, mass media, field operational seminars, and internships.
New York, UNFPA, 1985 Mar. viii, 68 p. (Report No. 70)The UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) is in the process of an extensive programming exercise intended to respond to the needs for population assistance in a priority group of developing countries. This report presents the findings of the Mission that visited Burma from May 9-25, 1984. The report includes dat a highlights; a summary and recommendations for population assistance; the national setting; population policies and population and development planning; data collection, analysis, and demographic training and research;maternal and child health, including child spacing; population education in the in-school and out-of school sectors; women, population, and development; and external assistance -- multilateral assistance, bilateral assistance, and assistance from nongovernmental organizations. In Burma overpopulation is not a concern. Population activities are directed, rather, toward the improvement of health standards. The main thrust of government efforts is to reduce infant mortality and morbidity, promote child spacing, improve medical services in rural areas, and generally raise standards of public health. In drafting its recommendations, whether referring to current programs and activities or to new areas of concern, the Mission was guided by the government's policies and objectives in the field of population. Recommendations include: senior planning officials should visit population and development planning offices in other countries to observe program organization and implementation; continued support should be given to ensure the successful completion of the tabulation and analysis of the 1983 Population Census; the People's Health Plan II (1982-86) should be strengthened through the training of health personnel at all levels, in in-school, in-service, and out-of-country programs; and the need exists to establish a program of orientation to train administrators, trainers/educators, and key field staff of the Department of Health and the Department of Cooperatives in various aspects of population communication work.
Technical co-operation in population programmes in Africa since the 1974 World Population Conference.
[Unpublished] 1983 Sep. 16. 5 p. (E/ECA/POP/7 International Conference on Population, 1984; Papers)This paper reviews the technical assistance provided to African countries since the 1974 World Population Conference in Bucharest, Romania by the United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD) in the fields of demographic training, data evaluation and analysis, and incorporation of population factors in development planning. The paper focuses on the substantive aspects of the technical cooperation provided to African countries in these areas from 1974 to 1983. The cooperation was provided essentially in response to the expressed needs and requests of member states for developing their national capabilities to undertake data analysis and evaluation and to use the results to formulate appropriate population policies and implement them as part of national development programs. The ultimate goal is to improve national capacities in these fields so that countries may achieve self reliance in handling their population programs. Almost without exception, the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) has been the source of funding for DTCD executed population projects. In the area of demographic training, the training needs, especially from the priority countries in Africa, have yet to be fully met and in all countries there still remains the need for short term training in special demographic expertise and an exchange of interregional experiences. In the area of demographic evaluation and analysis, greater support is required for evaluation and analysis of relevant demographic phenomena, e.g. internal and international migration and the utilization of demographic software packages. Technical cooperation is needed in the areas of population and development so that emerging phenomena (e.g. population growth, especially in urban areas) can be dealt with by evolving suitable population policies and implanting these within overall national development plans. The world financial crisis has hindered the increasing trend in technical cooperation in demographic training, analysis and overall population policies and it is hoped that this situation will improve.