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  1. 1

    The state of the world's children 1988.

    Grant JP

    Oxford, England, Oxford University Press, 1988. [9], 86 p.

    The 1988 UNICEF report on the world's children contains chapters describing the multi-sectorial alliance to support child health, the current emphasis on ORT and immunization, the effect of recession on vulnerable children, family rights to knowledge of basic health facts, and support for women in the developing world. Each chapter is illustrated by graphs. There are side panels on programs in specific countries, including Senegal, Syria, Colombia, Bangladesh, Turkey, India, Honduras, Japan and Southern Africa, and highlighted programs including immunization, AIDS, ORT, breast-feeding and tobacco as a test of health. The SAARC is a new regional organization of southern Asian countries committed to immunization and other health goals. Tables of health statistics of the world's nations, divided into 4 groups by "Under 5 Mortality Rate" present basic indicators, nutrition/malnutrition data, health information, education, literacy and media data, demographic indicators, economic indicators and data pertaining to women. The absolute numbers of child deaths had fallen to 16 million in 1980, from 25 million in 1950. Saving children's lives will not exacerbate the population problem because, realizing that their children will survive, families will have fewer children. Furthermore, the methods used to reduce mortality, such as breast feeding and empowerment of families to control their lives, are known to reduce fertility.
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  2. 2

    FAO's role in population programmes.

    Casley DJ

    In: International Planned Parenthood Federation. Indian Ocean Region. (IPPF/IOR). Population, development and the environment. Report of the proceedings, Bombay, December 9-15, 1972. Bombay, IPPF/IOR, (1973). p. 42-45

    In 1967 at the Fourteenth Session of the Food and Agricultural Organization's conference, the organization's involvement in population problems was recognized with the creation of a Program for Better Living. The Program's purpose is the promotion of development at the family level with population as an integral factor and with education as the main activity. During the late 1960's there was recognition that consideration of the problem of labor force requirements and labor utilization in the agricultural sector was needed along with study of the food demand and supply problem. Further development of the Food and Agricultural Organization's efforts in the population field include the population analysis component in research and advisory activities. Studies of these relationships are being conducted as a continuous activity under the organization's Regular Program for the Perspective Study of World Agricultural Development. A 2nd activity area in the population field is the development of the population motivation component using the organization's unique position of multiple contact points with the rural population. The Food and Agricultural Organization's policy does not advocate that agricultural workers become promoters of family planning or distributors of contraceptives. The role of the workers and that of the organization is the creation of a responsiveness among the rural population to the concern of the effect of family size distribution on their standard of living. If the Food and Agricultural Organization can assist in raising the standard of living and in promoting and encouraging the rural population to consider limiting the size of their families, it may prove to have more impact than its relatively low key position on family planning might suggest.
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