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  1. 1

    HIV / AIDS indicators country report. Senegal 1992/1993 - 1997. [Rapport national sur les indicateurs du VIH/SIDA. Sénégal, 1992/1993 - 1997]


    [Calverton, Maryland], ORC Macro, MEASURE DHS+, 2003 Jan. 11 p. (HIV / AIDS Survey Indicators)

    Population-based surveys are those in which respondents have a known probability of being chosen for interview because they have been selected by stratified, probability-based sampling designs. Because every respondent has a known probability of being selected, population-based surveys can produce estimates of parameters (means, medians, or percentages for indicators of knowledge and behavior) in populations of entire countries or regions within countries. Standard errors can be calculated for these estimates. DHS surveys are part of the worldwide Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) project, which is designed to collect, analyze, and disseminate data on fertility and mortality, family planning, maternal and child health and nutrition, and HIV/AIDS. DHS surveys are population-based, nationally representative surveys. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Annual report on international statistics. Volume 4 - 1997.

    International Statistical Institute [ISI]; Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE]

    Voorburg, Netherlands, ISI, 1997. [8], 156 p.

    This volume presents an overview of the International Statistical Institute (ISI) and the international statistical system, its many institutions that produce statistics, national and international scientific statistical associations, private sector statistical sources, and a few statistical data archives. Most of the information presented in this fourth issue was obtained from texts provided by contributing organizations and societies. The introduction to this volume provides some perspectives on statistics. The first section briefly describes the current status of the statistical education system in China that includes school education, in-service training, and education of the general public. The second section identifies and gives a brief biography of key figures in the development of statistics: statistical theorist R.C. Geary; Adolphe Quetelet, for the advancement of the collection of international statistics; and Prince Albert, for his contributions to the application of probabilities to social and natural phenomena. The third section discusses the significance of Irving Fisher's ideas for national accounts. The ISI is one of the oldest international scientific associations in modern times. It was established in 1885, has over 1900 elected members, and has a permanent office in Voorburg, the Netherlands. ISI has consultative status with various elements of the UN, including UNESCO, and it provides services for membership, conferences, and international intellectual exchange.
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  3. 3

    Appropriate information: new products and services.

    Avriel D; Aronson B; Bertrand I

    WORLD HEALTH FORUM. 1993; 14(4):410-7.

    The World Health Organization has a program of Library and Health Literature Services for facilitating information dissemination. This article describes resources (WHO produced information, databases for locating materials,computer packages for accessing information, the Internet, and other information resources). The WHO recommendation for effective health information services relies on appropriate resources, appropriate methodologies for management of information and communication, and stimulation of local initiatives and applications. Information services must know what is needed locally, regionally, and internationally by whom. WHO documents are available worldwide in depository libraries, Ministry of Health units, and WHO offices. WHOLIS is a database which provides for a quick identification of a specific item. WHODOC updates this database, which includes a variety of journal and technical articles and audiovisual materials. Each entry identifies the language used in the document. Indexing is available by subject, language, and location. WHOLIS is available online from a number of international nonprofit organizations or on CD-ROM diskette. WHODOC is a bi-monthly printed version of the database. A computer readable version is available in MICRO CDS/ISIS, CARDBOX PLUS, or ASCII files. Other source material can be identified though WHO's specialized subject lists produced by Health Literature Services (HLT) and sent to regional office libraries or accessed on INTERNET. Updates occur every two weeks. HLT is a purchasing agent for WHO affiliates and medical institutions and a clearinghouse for information on duplicate materials available for free disposal by cooperating libraries. The WHO documentation module transfers records from the WHOLIS database. WHO libraries issue a free newsletter "Liaison" which links health libraries and documentation services worldwide. Healthnet, operated by SatelLife, provides same day delivery. An African Index Medicus is being developed.
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  4. 4
    Peer Reviewed

    Childhood blindness: a new form for recording causes of visual loss in children.

    Gilbert C; Foster A; Negrel AD; Thylefors B


    In London, the International Centre for Eye Health (ICEH), a WHO Collaborating Centre for Blindness Prevention, and WHO have developed a standardized protocol for reporting causes of blindness in children, primarily those in schools for the blind and those attending hospital clinics. There is a section for blind children identified during population-based prevalence surveys. A set of coding instructions and a database for analysis accompany the WHO/PBL Eye Examination Record for Children with Blindness and Low Vision. ICEH and WHO hope the new form will identify preventable and treatable causes of childhood blindness. It will also serve as a mechanism to monitor changing patterns of childhood blindness over time in response to changes in health care services, specific interventions, and socioeconomic development. Further, it will allow eye doctors to assess the requirements of individual children for medical and/or surgical treatment optical correction, and low vision services. Finally, it will give educators the opportunity to assess the educational needs of blind children. The contents of the form include census, personal details, visual assessment, general assessment, previous eye surgery, eye examination (site of abnormality leading to blindness and etiology of blindness), refraction/low vision aid assessment, action needed, prognosis for vision, education, full diagnosis, and names of the examiners. Both ICEH in London, and WHO in Geneva will maintain a centralized data blank. Local ophthalmologists with an interest in pediatric ophthalmology and those assigned to develop the form tested the form while examining about 1600 children in schools for the blind in 4 continents. Ophthalmologists can examine and complete the form on 5-8 children/hour in schools for the blind.
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  5. 5

    The sex and age distributions of population. The 1990 revision of the United Nations global population estimates and projections.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    New York, New York, United Nations, 1991. viii, 391 p. (Population Studies No. 122; ST/ESA/SER.A/122)

    This statistical report includes the estimated and projected age distribution of the population based on high, medium, and low variants for 152 countries with populations greater than 300,000 between 1950 and 2025 in 5-year intervals. A world total as well as by continents and subregions are available along with the spatial groups; least developed countries, less developed regions (excluding China), the Economic Commission for Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia, and the Pacific, Western Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. Grouped data reflect countries with populations both greater than and less than 300,000. This revision was begun in 1988 and completed in 1990 by the UN Population Division of the International Economic and Social Affairs Department in conjunction with other UN regional commissions and the Statistical Office. A discussion of methods and data used for these estimates, a summary of findings, and selected demographic indicators will be available in World Population Prospects, 1990, and in summary form in the UN World Population Chart, 1990. A magnetic tape and diskettes of these data are available on request for purchase.
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  6. 6

    Global population policy data base 1989.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    New York, New York, United Nations, 1990. vi, 197 p. (Population Policy Paper No. 28; ST/ESA/SER.R/99)

    A description and selected elements of a database of the Population Division of the United Nations are presented. The database, entitled Global Review and Inventory of Population Policy, 1989, is available on diskette, and provides current data on population policies of 170 countries of the Division's Population Policy Data Bank. Policy topics considered include population growth, mortality, fertility, internal migration, immigration and emigration, as well as information on current and projected population sizes, current levels of fertility and mortality, current population growth rates, and proportions foreign born. The diskette contains 1 standard ASCII data file, 1 LOTUS 1-2-3 spreadsheet data file, and machine-readable dictionaries. This descriptive text reports country positions on population growth, fertility, mortality, internal migration/spatial distribution, international migration, and past responses to population inquiries. Annex I summarizes variables on the diskette, while Annex II describes them in greater detail. Annex III contains diskette order forms. Statistical tables of the relative frequency of different policy positions are finally included in the document.
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  7. 7

    Sterilizations by sex and percentages of: male to female sterilizations and total number of sterilizations as percentage of total new acceptors. 1979-1984.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. Western Hemisphere Region [WHR]

    [Unpublished] [1986]. 3 p.

    This is an International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) collection of data detailing numbers of sterilizations in each country of the western hemisphere from 1979 to 1985. The table presents sterilizations among males and females, total number of sterilizations, ratio of male to female expressed in percentages, and ratio of sterilizations to new acceptors also expressed as percentages. The countries with the numbers over 10,000 in 1986 were Columbia, Guatemala and the Dominican Republic. Countries with 1000 to 9999 were U.S., Honduras, Mexico, El Salvador, Ecuador and Brazil, in order. Most nations reported 5 to 10 times more female than male sterilizations. The exception was the U.S., with 10 times more vasectomies in the latter years. The total reported ranged from 63,400 in 1980 to 94,448 in 1985.
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  8. 8

    Report on the evaluation of SEN/77/P04: population/socio-spatial/regional planning (population/amenagement du territoire).

    Fabri MY; Pool DI; Simonen M

    New York, New York, United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA], 1984 Dec. xiii, 34, [7] p.

    The Senegal population/socio-spatial/regional planning project illustrates a truly integrated approach to population and development planning. The evaluation Mission concluded overall that the project's achievements are positive. The project's main accomplishments have been the establishment of a sophisticated population data bank, the preparation of national and regional population projections, an analysis of migration movements, and the production of related maps and tables using primarily 2ndary data sources. The technical quality and detail of the work undertaken, as well as its potential usefulness, were high. However, the Mission also found that various constraints specific to this project have considerably limited its achievements. These include inadequately formulated project objectives and planned activities, poorly defined conceptual framework, low absorptive capacity of the implementing agency, and severe United Nations Fund for Population Activities budget reductions. The value of the work was found to be lessened because the data assembled have not yet been systematically integrated into other relevant data banks, properly disseminated or utilized. The Mission recommended measures which will help conserve the valuable data bank and other results of the project and will assist in the transfer to nationals of the knowledge and skills to update and utilize the data bank. Limited outside assistance--financial and technical--is needed for some of the recommended measures.
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  9. 9

    Report on developments and activities related to population information during the decade since the convening of the World Population Conference, Bucharest, 1974.

    Hankinson R

    New York, United Nations, 1984 Jun. vi, 52 p. (POPIN Bulletin No. 5 ISEA/POPIN/5)

    A summary of developments in the population information field during the decade 1974-84 is presented. Progress has been made in improving population services that are available to world users. "Population Index" and direct access to computerized on-line services and POPLINE printouts are available in the US and 13 other countries through a cooperating network of institutions. POPLINE services are also available free of charge to requestors from developing countries. Regional Bibliographic efforts are DOCPAL for Latin America. PIDSA for Africa, ADOPT and EBIS/PROFILE. Much of the funding and support for population information activities comes from 4 major sources: 1) UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA): 2) US Agency for International Development (USAID); 3) International Development Research Centre (IRDC): and 4) the Government of Australia. There are important philosophical distinctions in the support provided by these sources. Duplication of effort is to be avoided. Many agencies need to develop an institutional memory. They are creating computerized data bases on funded projects. The creation of these data bases is a major priority for regional population information services that serve developing countries. Costs of developing these information services are prohibitive; however, it is important to see them in their proper perspective. Many governments are reluctant to commit funds for these activites. Common standards should be adopted for population information. Knowledge and use of available services should be increased. The importance os back-up services is apparent. Hard-copy reproductions of items in data bases should be included. This report is primarily descriptive rather than evaluative. However, given the increase in population distribution and changes in government attitudes over the importance of population matters, the main tasks for the next decade should be to build on these foundations; to insure effective and efficient use of services; to share experience and knowledge through POPIN and other networks; and to demonstrate to governments the valuable role of information programs in developing national population programs.
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