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[Research Triangle Park, North Carolina], FHI, 2005.  p. (FHI Research Briefs on the Female Condom No. 3:)The female condom is currently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for one-time use. Some experts believe that if safe reuse were possible, it could reduce the device's cost to users and result in more protected sex acts. Female condom reuse has been reported in a number of countries, particularly in resource-poor settings. Although the World Health Organization (WHO) does not recommend or promote the device's reuse, WHO stated in July 2002 that "... the final decision on whether or not to support reuse of the female condom must ultimately be taken locally." WHO continues to recommend the use of a new male or female condom for every act of sexual intercourse where there is risk of unplanned pregnancy or of acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as HIV. Acknowledging that some women may not have access to new female condoms, however, WHO has also developed a protocol for cleaning and handling female condoms so that they can be reused safely. A single female condom may be used up to five times, provided that after each use, it is cleaned and handled according to WHO guidelines, the protocol states. The protocol contains a disinfection step that involves soaking the device for one minute in a 1-to-20 dilution of bleach (sodium hypochlorite) to water as soon as possible after use. The device must then be washed, dried, stored, and re-lubricated prior to next use following protocol procedures. This protocol only applies to the polyurethane female condom manufactured by the Female Health Company. (excerpt)
Boston Globe. 2003 Jun 22;  p..A draft report for the UN's AIDS agency has found that even when people use condoms consistently, the failure rate for protection against HIV is an estimated 10 percent, making them a larger risk than portrayed by many advocate groups. The report, which looked at two decades of scientific literature on condoms, is likely to add fuel to a heated political battle on US policy in fighting AIDS in the developing world. (excerpt)
WIPHN NEWS. 2000 Summer; 25:4.In Swaziland, men have complained that a consignment of condoms from Asia had a bad odor, looked ugly and “killed any romance” between couples. They said the condoms also could not withstand pressure. Anti-AIDS activist Delsile Bhembe reported that over 20 youths protested at the national library in Mbabane, where health officials provide condoms free of charge. She agreed the Asian condoms were defective, saying they were made 2 years ago, but did not have expiration dates on them. She added that all 43,200 condoms would be returned to the government storeroom and accused the government of not being committed to AIDS awareness if it accepted reject condoms. In defense, Swaziland National AIDS Program Project Manager Beatrice Dlamini said that such actions are discriminatory, stating that the Swazis under-rate the condoms because they come from Asia. Dlamini reported that the condoms were part of a donation from UN agencies, making it hard for her office to turn them down. However, Bhembe was concerned the Asian condoms would undermine the anti-AIDS campaign, appealing to the country's only cellular network provider to provide better condoms as part of the company's social development program.