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Victoria, Canada, Communication Initiative, 2002 Dec 19. 2 p.Implemented in 2001 by UNICEF-Peru as part of a five-year initiative, this programme addresses the issue of children's, adolescents', and women's rights by bolstering interpersonal communication skills among public services workers, intermediaries between supply and demand (community agents, teachers, and community leaders), and families and individuals. The programme, which includes remote communities of the Andes and Amazon in its reach, draws on the use of culturally relevant and non-threatening messages to increase the participation of communities and families so they can demand that their rights be respected. Other features of the project include providing technical assistance to improve communication among those who provide basic services, and revamping the manner in which the media treats issues related to children and women's rights. (author's)
In: Body, mind, and spirit in sexual health: national conference report, Islamabad, Pakistan, February 13th to 15th, 2001. Organized by Aahung, edited by Shireen S. Issa. Karachi, Pakistan, Aahung, 2001. 81-8.In response to the high fertility rate in Pakistan, the Movement of Sustainable Social Autonomy and Gender Equity (MESSAGE) undertook a UN Children's Fund project that aimed to raise awareness regarding sexual health and initiate a positive change among those involved in high-risk sexual behaviors. The project, which is a nongovernmental organization focusing on human resource development in sexual health, targeted sex workers in the at risk areas of Multan. The project aimed to provide information on health and nutrition related facts especially sexually transmitted disease (STD)/HIV/AIDS; and increase awareness of about 5000 persons involved in risky behavior such as unprotected sex, drug use, and commercial blood donation. It also aimed to prepare and organize a group of about 50 community members by imparting knowledge rendering them capable of working toward the goals of promoting prevention of STDs and HIV/AIDS. Program activities include service delivery component; strengthening the capacity; advocacy and social mobilization; and creation of STDs and HIV/AIDS awareness. The author notes that despite the fact that MESSAGEs project experienced failure in the first 6 months of its implementation, several lessons were learned with regards to community involvement; long-term program development; inducting behavioral changes; limitation of pilot project; peer educators; and stigmatization.
New York, New York, UNICEF, 1997 Jan. , xviii, 73 p. (UNICEF Staff Working Papers DOC-97-001)This paper reviews the communication initiative of UN International Children's Emergency Fund, Facts for Life (FFL) undertaken in 31 countries during 1996. There have been over 15 million copies of the FFL book that have been published in the last 5 years. FFL messages have been used in radio, television dramas, cartoons, comics, storybooks, and literacy primers that benefit children. Although FFL is still considered to be in its initial phase, it has the potential to improve the health and well being of women and children. Also, it has the potential to revolutionize global approaches to health education, upgrade the planning and communication capacity of developing country government and nongovernment agencies, promote high quality intersectoral planning and collaboration. This booklet comprises five chapters, with chapter 1 presenting a historical overview of FFL. Chapter 2 examines the important linkages between levels of interest, sustainability, and the integration of FFL into programs for children. Chapter 3 reviews the potential future use of FFL, the level of field support for future FFL publications and activities, and suggestions for new global FFL initiatives. Conclusions, specific recommendations, and action points are presented in chapters 4 and 5.
New York, UNFPA, 1978 Jun. 53 p. (Report No 3)The present report presents the findings of the Mission which visited Afghanistan from October 3-16, 1977 for the purpose of assessing the country's needs for population assistance. Report focus is on the following: the national setting (geographical, cultural, and administrative features; salient demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the population; and economic development and national planning); basic population data; population dynamics and policy formulation; implementing population policies (family health and family planning and education, communication, and information); and external assistance (multilateral and bilateral). The final section presents the recommendations of the Mission in detail. For the past 25 years Afghanistan has been working to inject new life into its economy. Per capita income, as estimated for 1975, was $U.S. 150, a relatively low figure and heavily skewed in favor of a very small proportion of the population. The country is still predominantly rural (85%) and agricultural (75%). In the absence of reliable data, population figures must be accepted tentatively. According to the 7-year plan, the population in 1975 was 16.7 million and the rate of growth around 2.5% per annum. The crude birth rate is near 50/1000 and the crude death rate possibly 25/1000. The Mission endorses the priority given by the government to the population census and recommends continued support on the part of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) to help the Central Statistical Office in the present effort and in building up capacity for future work. The Mission recommends that efforts be concentrated on the reduction of infant, child, and maternal mortality levels and that assistance be continued to the family health services and to programs of population education. Emphasis should be on services to men and women in rural areas. The Mission also recommends a training program for traditional birth attendants.