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New York, New York, Population Council, . , 88,  p.This annual report of the Population Council for 1986 is divided into 3 sections covering 3 divisions: the Center for Biomedical Research, the Center for Policy Studies and International Programs, and Program Support and Services, which includes the Office of Communications. The introductory part of the report includes a listing of the board of trustees, and a summary message from the president, George Zeidenstein, at his 10th anniversary. The Center for Biomedical Research conducts practical research for actual development of contraceptives and supports basic research on topics in reproductive physiology. Examples of current projects are subdermal implants, contraceptive rings, progestin-releasing IUDs, and antifertility vaccines. The Center for Policy Studies has a Director and 11 associate staff doing research on population issues and related communication activities; supports research in Third World institutions through the International Research Awards Program on the Determinants of Fertility in Developing countries; participates in the Demographic and Health Surveys project; and publishes the Population and Development Review. The International Programs section worked principally on introducing Norplant implants worldwide, enhancing women's participation in development programs, and incorporating demographic factors into the development process. The program has regional offices in Bangkok, Cairo, and Mexico City, and its sub-Saharan African program, managed from the New York office. The Office of Communications provides population information to professionals worldwide, and publishes the Population and Development Review and Studies in Family Planning, as well as fact books, handbooks, and the Annual Report. Each subsection concludes with a listing of publications by staff and fellows. The report ends with financial statements and complete lists of fellowships, awards, contracts, publications, and staff.
New York, New York, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], 1988 Nov. , xvii, 81 p.A mission team evaluated the UNFPA supported country program in Indonesia for 4 weeks in 1988. The team found that country program staff had progressed greatly towards institution building and had sufficiently upgraded its capacity, both primary goals in the design of the program. On the other hand, the evaluators observed that the program did not sufficiently emphasize or consider women's issues, except a project for income generation among women's acceptor groups. No comprehensive record of income generating programs exists, however, and should be developed. 4 population dynamics research projects involved improving individual and institutional capability to conduct research in development and implementation of population policies. In addition, the program also supported training programs and computer equipped resource centers at 2 university centers. The team noted, however, that research and analyses should also be conducted using the available primary data, e.g., census data and annual surveys. Even though the 2 projects in strengthening family planning management and operations research have basically achieved their goals, they need to foster linkage between the 2 and to include gender issues in their designs. Indonesia has been successful in delivery of family planning services through community involvement and women's group. Nevertheless, some areas of improvement include development of a transport policy to continue and expand family planning services and investigating the potential for NORPLANT production in Indonesia. In terms of education and communication, the program has satisfactorily focused on motivating couples and youth to use contraceptives. Yet it needs to know its target audiences better so as to develop more effective materials and presentations.