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    059020

    In the child's best interest. A primer on the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child. New edition. Revised text.

    Castelle K

    East Greenwich, Rhode Island, Foster Parents Plan International, 1989. [6], 46 p.

    In March 1989, the United Nation's (UN) Commission on Human Rights adopted a draft Convention on the Rights of the Child. Poland submitted the original proposal to the UN in 1978. A final convention was scheduled to be set before the UN General Assembly for adoption in late 1989. To become international law, at least 20 UN member countries must ratify it. It is crucial that this convention becomes law to guarantee children around the world basic human rights that all too often are denied them. Presently no nation protects the rights of all its children or affords them adequate health care, housing, day care, and nutrition. For example, > 38,000 children die/day because they do not have access to food, shelter, or primary health care. In the United States, > 11 million children do not have health insurance and do not receive basic health care. In addition, these nations fail to protect children from abuse, neglect, and exploitation. For example, poverty forces many children into prostitution in both the developed and developing countries. Further, > 100 million children worldwide work under hazardous conditions and sometimes receive no pay. Unstable political conditions, such as war, have resulted in > 10 million child refugees worldwide who often live in temporary shelters and receive insufficient food and health care. Since children are particularly vulnerable, it is the responsibility of adults to defend children's rights. The Convention defines these rights as the right to survival, the right to protection, and the right to develop in a safe environment free from discrimination.
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