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  1. 1

    Engaging faith-based organizations in HIV prevention. A training manual for programme managers.

    Toure A; Melek M; Jato M; Kane M; Kajungu R

    New York, New York, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], 2007. [53] p.

    The influence behind faith-based organizations is not difficult to discern. In many developing countries, FBOs not only provide spiritual guidance to their followers; they are often the primary providers for a variety of local health and social services. Situated within communities and building on relationships of trust, these organizations have the ability to influence the attitudes and behaviours of their fellow community members. Moreover, they are in close and regular contact with all age groups in society and their word is respected. In fact, in some traditional communities, religious leaders are often more influential than local government officials or secular community leaders. Many of the case studies researched for the UNFPA publication Culture Matters showed that the involvement of faith-based organizations in UNFPA-supported projects enhanced negotiations with governments and civil society on culturally sensitive issues. Gradually, these experiences are being shared across countries andacross regions, which has facilitated interfaith dialogue on the most effective approaches to prevent the spread of HIV. Such dialogue has also helped convince various faith-based organizations that joining together as a united front is the most effective way to fight the spread of HIV and lessen the impact of AIDS. This manual is a capacity-building tool to help policy makers and programmers identify, design and follow up on HIV prevention programmes undertaken by FBOs. The manual can also be used by development practitioners partnering with FBOs to increase their understanding of the role of FBOs in HIV prevention, and to design plans for partnering with FBOs to halt the spread of the virus. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Committing to results: improving the effectiveness of HIV / AIDS assistance. An OED evaluation of the World Bank's assistance for HIV / AIDS control.

    Ainsworth M

    Washington, D.C., World Bank, Operations Evaluation Department, 2005. [270] p. (Operations Evaluation Studies)

    The global AIDS epidemic has profoundly affected the quality of life and progress toward poverty alleviation in many of the poorest developing countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. Since the late 1980s, but particularly over the past decade, the World Bank has launched efforts to prevent HIV/AIDS and to mitigate its impact through participation in global programs; financing analytic work; engaging in policy dialogue; and providing loans, credits, and grants for HIV/AIDS projects. As of June 2004, the World Bank had committed $2.46 billion in credits, grants, and loans to 62 low- and middle-income countries for 106 projects to prevent, treat, and mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS, of which about $1 billion had been disbursed. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Strategic guidance on HIV prevention.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, 2001. 32 p. (Preventing HIV / Promoting Reproductive Health)

    UNFPA has worked in the field of population and development for more than three decades and has addressed the issue of HIV/AIDS for the last decade. However, no organization by itself has the capacity or the resources needed to address and halt the pandemic. An effective response requires careful collaboration and coordination among organizations, with each bringing to the partnership a distinct set of capabilities, strengths and comparative advantages. As one of the eight cosponsors of UNAIDS (the other cosponsors being UNICEF, UNDP, UNDCP, UNESCO, ILO, WHO and World Bank), UNFPA chairs Theme Groups in many countries and supports HIV-prevention interventions in almost all of its country programmes. To maximize its response and to strengthen coordinated activities with other partners, it is critical for staff at every level to have a common understanding of the Fund’s policies and strategic priorities. The aim of this document is to provide such guidance to staff, delineating the niche in which UNFPA as an organization has a definite comparative advantage in addressing the HIV/AIDS epidemic, especially at the country level. (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    UNFPA fifth country programme of assistance to the government of Kenya, 1997 to 2001. Framework for the reproductive health sub-programme.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]. Kenya Field Office

    [Unpublished] 1997 Dec. xiii, 32 p.

    This project between the UN Population Fund and Kenya's Ministry of Health proposes to strengthen technical and institutional capacity at all levels in the effective provision of reproductive health (RH) services during 1997-2001. The aims are to increase quality and accessibility of RH by a specific percentage, to reduce maternal mortality by 20%, to reduce perinatal morbidity and mortality by 30%, and to increase contraceptive prevalence by 20% in selected districts and Nairobi slums. The aims are also to provide youth-appropriate RH services, to reduce the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS, and to intensify IEC activities in support of RH services and other activities. This proposal describes the background, justification, and health reforms in Kenya; the RH achievements and lessons learned; selected issues to be addressed in the national RH program; goals; strategies and activities; monitoring and evaluation; the institutional framework; related activities and funding sources; and the summary budget. The budget will be shared between the Government (60%) and implementing nongovernmental organizations (40%). About 10% will be directed to IEC. The total summary budget is US$13 million. The main strategy for preventing STIs and HIV/AIDS is to integrate the education within day-to-day activities of health staff and to train service providers (SPs) at all levels. Surgical gloves and male-friendly services will be provided to all SP points. Technical support will be provided by advisers in Addis Ababa, selected national consultants, and field office program staff.
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  5. 5

    UNFPA fifth country programme of assistance to Kenya, 1997 to 2001. Strengthening reproductive health planning and management capacity of Ministry of Health.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    [Unpublished] 1998 Feb. [3], 43, [25] p.

    This proposal describes a reproductive health (RH) program during 1997-2001 in Kenya that is supported by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA). The program builds upon prior achievements and lessons learned and supports the Ministry of Health (MOH) in efforts to strengthen the MOH's RH planning and management capacity. The project aims to strengthen institutional capacity; increase access and quality of integrated RH services; and address issues of safe motherhood, sexual and RH of adolescents and youth, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS, and IEC. It is expected that by 2001, 38% of service delivery points will have been strengthened with integrated RH services. 6% of other services will be upgraded for closing the distance within 5 km to services among 25% of women who lack such access. The maternal mortality ratio will be reduced by 20%. Perinatal morbidity and mortality rates will be reduced by 30%. Contraceptive prevalence will be increased by 20% in selected districts and Nairobi slums. Adolescents should have more accurate and appropriate information, counseling, and services. The program should have increased community awareness of STIs and HIV/AIDS, counseling, and health facilities for reducing transmission of STIs. IEC should have been intensified by 2001. This proposal includes a description of the logical framework, the background-justification, project goals, strategies, institutional framework, advance preparations, government follow-up, UNFPA assistance and input, projected budget, justification of government input, and other related activities and funding.
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  6. 6

    Participation through intermediary NGOs.

    Carroll T; Schmidt M; Bebbington T

    Washington, D.C., World Bank, Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Network, Social Development, 1996 Feb. [2], v, 59 p. (Social Development Paper No. 12)

    This report defines types of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and identifies strategies for identifying participatory NGOs. It also discusses capacity building, the tension between service delivery and capacity building, the potential to increase the scale of activity among NGOs, project or process development, and linkages between NGOs and government. The World Bank now aims to foster more participatory community-based development among development-oriented NGOs trying to reduce poverty. Development-oriented NGOs tend to have the strongest grassroots links and the greatest experience reaching disadvantaged groups with innovative methods. The World Bank has historically ignored participatory processes. The challenge is to locate NGOs willing to collaborate and those that have sufficient capacity to meet goals; to support the participatory character of NGOs; and to help reduce friction in styles with the operations of the World Bank and governments. Highly participatory NGOs tend to work on a very small scale. Another challenge is to build the institutional capacity of NGO partners. The usual management training is unsuitable and insufficient for NGO needs. History, politics, and ideology define the differences in links between governments and NGOs. Partners may be constrained by government attitudes and regulations. The cases confirm the importance of a clear, shared understanding of partner NGO roles; a flexible, staged process of collaboration; opportunities for strong, relatively homogenous common interest-based groups; a supportive, nonintrusive state context; and a shared view and willingness to cooperate among major donors.
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  7. 7

    New projects signed.

    VIETNAM POPULATION NEWS. 1998 Jul-Sep; (8):5-7.

    This article identifies four new projects that were funded for 1997-2000 in Viet Nam. The projects focus on capacity building for contraceptive distribution, support for national education and training in reproductive health and population development (RH/PD), promotion of male participation in RH/PD, and strengthened national capacity for RH. Funding is provided by UNFPA and the government of Viet Nam. This 30-month project aims to complete a systematic review and revision of existing national population policies, to improve knowledge among key program managers of national family planning program at all levels, to revise population and development information, and to meet people's needs for RH services. Services include family planning, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, social marketing of contraceptives, and community based distribution. Additional funding will support a program to provide contraceptive services and information to adolescents. The project supports the Women's Union and the Peasant's Union in working to incorporate a gender-based approach in RH and family planning policies. The Ministry of Health will receive financial support for developing an RH policy that will advise programs, organize technical support for RH programs, establish an RH information management system, strengthen management training, and improve research capacity.
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