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Expanding contraceptive choice in West Africa: Building the capacity of local nongovernmental organizations to program holistically.
New York, New York, EngenderHealth, RESPOND Project, 2013 Jun.  p. (Project Brief No. 15)This project brief looks at how nongovernmental organizations can expand access to contraception in West Africa and specifically looks at member associations of the International Planned Parenthood Federation in Benin, Burkina Faso and Togo.
Contemporary Politics. 2012 Jun; 18(2):186-199.Capacity-building has become a mainstay of many AIDS and public health programmes. This article examines its impact on civil society organisations and claims-making around citizenship, as these have been articulated through heterogeneous policy networks doing HIV prevention work. Drawing on a growing literature on the Foucauldian notions of biopower and governmentality, the genealogy of capacity-building as a globalised technology of governmentality is traced, examining its uses both at the international level and in Brazil. Brazilian civil society organisations have undoubtedly been transformed by their participation in networks carrying out capacity-building projects. While recognising these effects, the conflicts and productive tensions inherent to such networks are highlighted.
Supporting community responses to malaria: A training manual to strengthen capacities of community based organizations in application processes of the Global Fund to Fight HIV / AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
Cologne, Germany, STOP MALARIA NOW!, 2009 Nov. 53 p.This training manual is a product of the STOP MALARIA NOW! advocacy campaign and aims to support community responses to malaria. In particular, this manual aims to improve knowledge and skills of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) in application processes of the Global Fund to Fight HIV / AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. The contents are based on results of the needs assessment 'Capacity Needs of CBOs in Kenya in Terms of Application Processes of the Global Fund to Fight HIV /AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM)', conducted in June and July 2009.
A nongovernmental organization's national response to HIV: the work of the All-Ukrainian Network of People Living with HIV.
Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2007 Jul. 47 p. (UNAIDS Best Practice Collection; UNAIDS/07.23E; JC1305E)The All-Ukrainian Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (the 'Network') was formed in the late 1990s by HIV-positive individuals alarmed at the surging HIV epidemic in their country and the lack of resources and support for themselves and others living with the virus. It has grown rapidly and steadily since then, providing services and support to more than 14 000 people living with HIV. Its roots are in the self-help ethos, based on the belief that people living with HIV must be directly involved in leading national and local responses to HIV. The Network's four key strategy components are: increasing access to non-medical care, treatment and support; lobbying and advocating to protect the rights of people living with HIV; seeking to increase acceptance towards people living with HIV throughout society; and enhancing the organizational capacity of the Network. (excerpt)
New York, New York, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], 2007.  p.The influence behind faith-based organizations is not difficult to discern. In many developing countries, FBOs not only provide spiritual guidance to their followers; they are often the primary providers for a variety of local health and social services. Situated within communities and building on relationships of trust, these organizations have the ability to influence the attitudes and behaviours of their fellow community members. Moreover, they are in close and regular contact with all age groups in society and their word is respected. In fact, in some traditional communities, religious leaders are often more influential than local government officials or secular community leaders. Many of the case studies researched for the UNFPA publication Culture Matters showed that the involvement of faith-based organizations in UNFPA-supported projects enhanced negotiations with governments and civil society on culturally sensitive issues. Gradually, these experiences are being shared across countries andacross regions, which has facilitated interfaith dialogue on the most effective approaches to prevent the spread of HIV. Such dialogue has also helped convince various faith-based organizations that joining together as a united front is the most effective way to fight the spread of HIV and lessen the impact of AIDS. This manual is a capacity-building tool to help policy makers and programmers identify, design and follow up on HIV prevention programmes undertaken by FBOs. The manual can also be used by development practitioners partnering with FBOs to increase their understanding of the role of FBOs in HIV prevention, and to design plans for partnering with FBOs to halt the spread of the virus. (excerpt)
A healthy partnership -- a case study of the MOH contract to KHANA for disbursement of World Bank funds for HIV / AIDS in Cambodia.
[Brighton, England], International HIV / AIDS Alliance, 2005 Mar. 12 p.In 1998, the Cambodian Ministry of Health was experiencing difficulties in disbursing World Bank funds earmarked for local NGOs/CBOs, and in 1999, contracted Khana to manage the disbursement process. Given the scarcity of documented successful government-NGO/CBO disbursement initiatives, the Alliance commissioned a case study of this mechanism of making World Bank funds more accessible to civil society organisations. This report of the case study outlines the background and context to adopting the disbursement mechanism, explains the selection of the disbursing agency and the process of contract negotiation, details the nature and quantity of the disbursement, and identifies the strengths, weaknesses and lessons learned from this model. (excerpt)
Paris, France, UNESCO, 2004. 55 p. (ED-2004/WS/16)The World Education Forum held in Dakar (April, 2000) reemphasized and reiterated the importance of inter-agency partnerships, collaboration and coordination in pursuance of the EFA goals. This facilitated the launching of a number of multi-partner initiatives that focused on specific EFA-related areas and problems requiring special attention as well as the reinforcing of existing ones. EFA flagship initiatives were considered to constitute, among others, one of the mechanisms that would contribute in enhancing and strengthening multi-agency partnership and coherence on EFA related goals. Three years after Dakar, the EFA flagships continue to expand in terms of number of initiatives launched as well as their scope and membership. At present, nine initiatives have been established, involving United Nations organizations, bilateral and multilateral agencies and NGOs. (excerpt)
Africa Renewal. 2005 Apr; 19(1): p..When a reporter first met seven-year-old Bongani in a hardscrabble shantytown near Johannesburg in 2003, it was evident the child was dying. He was too weak for school, stunted and racked by diarrhoea. There was little question that he, like his deceased parents, was infected with the human immunodeficiency virus that causes AIDS. It seemed equally certain that he would soon lie in a tiny grave next to theirs -- joining the 370,000 South Africans who died from the disease that year. But when the journalist, Mr. Martin Plaut of the BBC, returned a year later, he found a healthy, laughing Bongani poring over his lesson book. “The transformation,” Mr. Plaut wrote last December, “was remarkable.” That transformation -- and the difference between life and death for Bongani and a growing number of people living with HIV and AIDS in Africa -- has resulted from access to anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs) that attack the virus and can dramatically reduce AIDS deaths. For years high costs severely limited their use in Africa. The Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) estimated that only about 50,000 of the 4 million Africans in urgent need of the drugs were able to obtain them in 2002. But with prices dropping in the face of demands for treatment access and competition from generic copies of the patented medications, the politics and economics of AIDS treatment have finally begun to shift. (excerpt)
Choices. 2001 Autumn; 9-11.The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) Field Office was opened in Almaty, Kazakhstan in 1996 to assist nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that are new or pending members of the IPPF European Network. This document summarizes the advocacy, capacity-building and media work of that office.
[Unpublished] 1992. 12,  p.Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have been shown to play an essential and often unique role in HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and community support. However, the capacity of developing country NGOs to initiate, improve or expand HIV/AIDS activities depends on their access to appropriate financial, technical, and managerial resources. In response to the need for increased and improved support to developing country NGOs working on HIV/AIDS, a donor sub-group was formed that included agencies from Germany, the US, the European Union, WHO/GPA, and the Rockefeller Foundation. These donor sub-groups organized the NGO Support Programme to improve the access of indigenous NGOs to appropriate financial, technical, and managerial assistance. This document outlines the overall goals and objectives of the program, as well as the specific tasks for the start-up period. Among the start-up tasks are the development of appropriate and effective systems and guidelines for providing support to developing country NGOs.
In: All of us. Births and a better life: population, development and environment in a globalized world. Selections from the pages of the Earth Times, edited by Jack Freeman and Pranay Gupte. New York, New York, Earth Times Books, 1999. 142-4.In the villages of Nepal, women have organized themselves and begun saving schemes through Amma Tolis (Mothers Groups). Over the past four years, the women in Amma Tolis built 250 resting places along the route that women travel; helped build two primary school buildings; conducted literacy classes for women; broadened village trails for easy access to villages; and helped maintain springs and wells for water supply. The labor was provided by the women themselves. Some of their activities received assistance from UNICEF, the UN Development Program, the UN Population Fund, and the local government. Eventually, Amma Tolis was able to render loans from the saving schemes to start income-generating activities. Development projects like these, which involve village participation, accomplish three important things: 1) they develop capacity at the grassroots level; 2) they provide and generate capital; and 3) they develop skills.
Washington, D.C., World Bank, Environment Department, Social Policy and Resettlement Division, 1997 May. , 83 p. (Environment Department Papers Participation Series No. 052)This report reviews lessons learned by the World Bank (WB) about the involvement of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in WB-financed "social funds." Since 1986, the WB has channeled more than $1.3 billion to more than 30 social funds in Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe to 1) mitigate the social costs of structural adjustment programs or respond to emergencies, 2) improve living conditions for impoverished people, and/or 3) promote decentralization of service delivery by building local capacity. Social funds may finance small-scale activities in the health, education, water, and sanitation sectors and/or meet basic needs, create social programs, set-up micro/credit programs to develop small enterprises, or develop infrastructure. After providing a general introduction, the report outlines the various roles that NGOs can have in implementation of social funds, the benefits and risks of such involvement, and the current extent of NGO involvement. The third section identifies the key issues and lessons learned, and section 4 reviews the principal criticisms and concerns of NGOs. Section 5 offers recommendations for improving NGO involvement in WB-financed social funds. Specific examples and case studies are highlighted throughout the report, and annexes summarize NGO involvement in selected social funds and provide a sample checklist, manual, gender action plan, implementation agreement, financing agreement, bidding document, and works contract.
The Bank's relations with NGOs: issues and directions (incorporating "Cooperation between the World Bank and NGOs: FY97 Progress Report").
Washington, D.C., World Bank, Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Network, Social Development, 1998 Aug 11. , 17, 19,  p. (Social Development Paper No. 28)This report gives an overview of World Bank (WB) and nongovernmental organization (NGO) relations, offers some lessons learned, and identifies emerging issues. This report also incorporates the views of the Executive Directors which were made at the Board Seminar on WB-NGO relations held in March 1998. WB-NGO partnerships have had successful "project" outcomes. There are concerns about WB-NGO involvement in government policy issues. The discussion focuses on five specific issues: 1) confidence in the criteria for selection of appropriate NGOs for collaboration, with clear knowledge of the local NGO context, and with consideration of government prerogatives; 2) the WB must clarify the role of NGOs in commenting on draft policies; 3) improve disclosure of information; 4) disseminate the WB's views on the funding of NGO activities; and 5) the WB should understand more clearly the role of civil society in development and the relationship of NGOs to other civil groups. The WB must continue to build community support for development programs and policies. NGOs face constraints, such as: limited financial and managerial expertise and institutional capacity; gaps between stated goals and actual operations; limited sustainability; a lack of inter-organizational coordination; and limited economic or development expertise. WB-NGO partnerships have enhanced the capacity to target and involve poor, vulnerable groups in projects and to achieve gender equity. The WB must balance government knowledge and consent with openness to a range of stakeholders and then make independent, professional, and well-informed judgments.
Washington, D.C., World Bank, Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Network, Social Development, 1996 Feb. , v, 59 p. (Social Development Paper No. 12)This report defines types of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and identifies strategies for identifying participatory NGOs. It also discusses capacity building, the tension between service delivery and capacity building, the potential to increase the scale of activity among NGOs, project or process development, and linkages between NGOs and government. The World Bank now aims to foster more participatory community-based development among development-oriented NGOs trying to reduce poverty. Development-oriented NGOs tend to have the strongest grassroots links and the greatest experience reaching disadvantaged groups with innovative methods. The World Bank has historically ignored participatory processes. The challenge is to locate NGOs willing to collaborate and those that have sufficient capacity to meet goals; to support the participatory character of NGOs; and to help reduce friction in styles with the operations of the World Bank and governments. Highly participatory NGOs tend to work on a very small scale. Another challenge is to build the institutional capacity of NGO partners. The usual management training is unsuitable and insufficient for NGO needs. History, politics, and ideology define the differences in links between governments and NGOs. Partners may be constrained by government attitudes and regulations. The cases confirm the importance of a clear, shared understanding of partner NGO roles; a flexible, staged process of collaboration; opportunities for strong, relatively homogenous common interest-based groups; a supportive, nonintrusive state context; and a shared view and willingness to cooperate among major donors.