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  1. 1

    Comprehensive sexuality education: The challenges and opportunities of scaling-up.

    DeJong J

    Paris, France, UNESCO, 2014. [92] p.

    This report builds on a program of work on sexuality education for young people initiated in 2008 by UNESCO. It is also informed by several other past and ongoing initiatives related to scaling up sexuality education, as well as drawing on case studies presented at the Bogota international consultation on sexuality education, convened by UNFPA in 2010. The report emphasizes the challenges for scaling-up in terms of integrating comprehensive sexuality education into the formal curricula of schools. It aims to provide conceptual and practical guidance on definitions and strategies of scaling-up; illustrate good practice and pathways for successful scale-up in light of diverse contextual parameters; and provide some principles of scaling up sexuality education that are of relevance internationally.
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  2. 2

    A nongovernmental organization's national response to HIV: the work of the All-Ukrainian Network of People Living with HIV.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2007 Jul. 47 p. (UNAIDS Best Practice Collection; UNAIDS/07.23E; JC1305E)

    The All-Ukrainian Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (the 'Network') was formed in the late 1990s by HIV-positive individuals alarmed at the surging HIV epidemic in their country and the lack of resources and support for themselves and others living with the virus. It has grown rapidly and steadily since then, providing services and support to more than 14 000 people living with HIV. Its roots are in the self-help ethos, based on the belief that people living with HIV must be directly involved in leading national and local responses to HIV. The Network's four key strategy components are: increasing access to non-medical care, treatment and support; lobbying and advocating to protect the rights of people living with HIV; seeking to increase acceptance towards people living with HIV throughout society; and enhancing the organizational capacity of the Network. (excerpt)
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  3. 3
    Peer Reviewed

    Resourcing global health: a conference of the Global Network of WHO for Nursing and Midwifery Development, Glasgow, Scotland, June 2006.

    Duff E

    Midwifery. 2006 Sep; 22(3):200-203.

    With the focus of the World Health Report 2006 Working for health together firmly on the issue of human resources in health, the subject is officially placed among those at the top of the international agenda. The debates at this conference, held June 7--9 and hosted by the WHO Collaborating Centre (WHOCC) for Nursing & Midwifery Education, Research & Practice, based in Glasgow Caledonian University's School of Nursing, Midwifery and Community Health, were therefore highly topical and drew significant speakers from both the host country Scotland and 20-plus other nations. The conference was held in conjunction with the Royal College of Midwives (RCM) and the Royal College of Nursing (RCN). (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    Ukraine human development report. Special edition 2003. Ukraine and HIV / AIDS: time to act.

    United Nations Development Programme [UNDP]

    Kyiv, Ukraine, UNDP, 2003. 36 p.

    Ukraine is a young nation on the move. The national response to HIV/AIDS is also gathering pace. It is bringing together fresh coalitions of people, leaders and institutions who want to stop the further spread of this virus and to ensure care for those who are in need. The good news for all is that there are now known ways of preventing the spread of the virus and treatment is increasingly available. The challenge remains immense -- to some overwhelming. The insidious nature of the virus is that it attacks men and women in the prime of their life -- between the ages of 15 and 40. It robs children of their parents, and society of its productive citizens. Limited budgets and ungrounded stigma have severely hampered a scaled-up nationwide response. Positive rhetoric is helpful, but it needs to be matched by personal commitment and concrete actions. With the infusion of new resources, now is the time to remove the log jams and unleash a broad-based national effort to change the current course of the epidemic. As the Secretary General of the United Nations Kofi Annan recently said, "We have come a long way, but not far enough. Clearly, we will have to work harder to ensure that our commitment is matched by the necessary resources and action." (excerpt)
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  5. 5

    Expanding capacity for operations research in reproductive health: summary report of a consultative meeting, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, December 10-11, 2001.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Department of Reproductive Health and Research; Population Council. Frontiers in Reproductive Health; United States. Agency for International Development [USAID]

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2003. [45] p.

    A major issue in providing health care is to ensure that the recipients of reproductive health services and technology—clients—optimally benefit from these services. Over the next decade, operations research will be a crucial tool for evaluating and developing new programmes. The tools or guidelines for addressing mortality and morbidity, improving reproductive health, and preventing and managing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are available. However, programme managers need ways to show how to deploy these tools in the most effective and cost-effective manner. Operations research plays a key role in providing this evidence and guiding the process. However, this complex research will require collaboration from scientists and institutions from a wide range of fields, including epidemiology, biomedicine, economics, and the social sciences. The challenge of this collaboration is to develop an evidence-based culture among providers, programme managers, and policy-makers. Its ultimate goal is to contribute to improved delivery of reproductive health services. (excerpt)
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  6. 6

    What do we know about capacity building? An overview of existing knowledge and good practice.

    Milèn A

    Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2001 Jun. 29 p.

    The World Health Organization as an intergovernmental specialised agency has the task and challenge to support its member governments in strengthening their capacity to steer their health systems. This figures prominently in the recent World Health Report, in which stewardship is ranked as the most important of the health system functions. In the Report, stewardship is defined as a “function of a government responsible for the welfare of the population, and concerned about the trust and legitimacy with which its activities are viewed by the citizenry”. This overview on capacity building covers the recent thinking on the issue and provides information relevant to strengthening capacities also in the stewardship role of the governments. This paper is written primarily to the participants of a WHO project which aims to develop, in partnership with countries, ways to support senior policy makers and managers of health systems. Major developments have taken place in capacity building during the 1990s. Most information on the topic is recent and appears in grey literature. This overview aims to present the current knowledge on the concepts and practice in capacity building. The first part of the document discusses some major changes in the international thinking. The second part links the concepts and frameworks to the state of the art in practising capacity building. (excerpt)
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  7. 7
    Peer Reviewed

    New WHO chief promises greater commitment to HIV / AIDS. Lee names HIV / AIDS as his top priority and unveils the team that will help carry WHO's work forward.

    Frankish H

    Lancet. 2003 Jul 26; 362(9380):297-298.

    With a pledge to give greater priority to HIV/AIDS and achieving results in poor countries, South Korea’s Jong-wook Lee took office as the new Director-General of WHO on July 21. “We must scale up an integrated global HIV/AIDS strategy linking prevention, care, and treatment, prioritising poor and underserved areas”, said Lee in his inaugural address to about 500 WHO staff at the organisation’s Geneva headquarters. (excerpt)
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  8. 8

    IPPF European Network annual report 2000.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. European Network

    Brussels, Belgium, IPPF, European Network, 2000. 32 p.

    This annual report documents the work carried out by the International Planned Parenthood Federation European Network (IPPF EN) in 2000. The European Network consists of 37 member Family Planning Associations (FPAs) with a Regional Office in Brussels. Promotion of sexuality and education and contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS is the main focus of the FPAs' work, and, within that context, the needs of young people are the highest priority. In 2000, FPAs were running projects addressing the needs of diverse groups including refugees, internally displaced people, migrants, Roma communities, sex workers, gay men, and victims of gender violence. In Eastern Europe, FPAs are providing basic services, information, and training to health professionals, particularly where governments and health care systems are compromised by fragile economies and conservative attitudes towards the rights of women and young people. A number of FPAs are also active in the field of international and European advocacy. At the regional level, the EN has given priority to advocacy, program development, and institution building. Their campaign has given observance for the human right to sexual and reproductive health in different fora, facilitating the creation of new FPAs in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kazakhstan and Georgia, and providing support in capacity building and sustainability to established and also nascent FPAs.
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  9. 9

    [First reflection workshop of the research network "Gender, Reproductive Health and Population Policies (GRHPP), Maghreb region, Amsterdam, July 3-7, 1995. General report] Premier atelier de reflexion du reseau de recherche "Gender, Reproductive Health and Population Policies" (GRHPP), region Maghreb, Amsterdam, du 3 au 7 juillet 1995. Rapport general.

    Reysoo F

    Amsterdam, Netherlands, University of Amsterdam, Faculty of Political and Social-Cultural Sciences, Medical Anthropology Unit, 1996. 12 p.

    This paper reports upon the first workshop of the research network on gender, reproductive health, and population policies in the Maghreb, held in Amsterdam during July 3-7, 1995. The report is comprised of papers by various authors on gender, reproductive health, and population policies in the Maghreb; population policies in Morocco; population policies in Tunisia; population-related debates, including the new concepts introduced by the International Conference on Population and Development; the Rutgers Foundation’s activities with regard to reproduction and sexuality in Holland; the evolution from family planning to an integrated reproductive health approach; discourse on Norplant’s effectiveness; the research network on gender, reproductive health, and population policies in Latin America; identifying relevant research themes in the Maghreb; Internet-based research; a research project; and the decision to submit a project of concerted efforts designed to identify and strengthen research capacity in the countries of the Maghreb. The workshop’s activities are noted in the annex.
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  10. 10

    NGO involvement in World Bank-financed social funds: lessons learned.

    Malena C

    Washington, D.C., World Bank, Environment Department, Social Policy and Resettlement Division, 1997 May. [5], 83 p. (Environment Department Papers Participation Series No. 052)

    This report reviews lessons learned by the World Bank (WB) about the involvement of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in WB-financed "social funds." Since 1986, the WB has channeled more than $1.3 billion to more than 30 social funds in Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe to 1) mitigate the social costs of structural adjustment programs or respond to emergencies, 2) improve living conditions for impoverished people, and/or 3) promote decentralization of service delivery by building local capacity. Social funds may finance small-scale activities in the health, education, water, and sanitation sectors and/or meet basic needs, create social programs, set-up micro/credit programs to develop small enterprises, or develop infrastructure. After providing a general introduction, the report outlines the various roles that NGOs can have in implementation of social funds, the benefits and risks of such involvement, and the current extent of NGO involvement. The third section identifies the key issues and lessons learned, and section 4 reviews the principal criticisms and concerns of NGOs. Section 5 offers recommendations for improving NGO involvement in WB-financed social funds. Specific examples and case studies are highlighted throughout the report, and annexes summarize NGO involvement in selected social funds and provide a sample checklist, manual, gender action plan, implementation agreement, financing agreement, bidding document, and works contract.
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