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Pakistan: increasing access to SRH services in fragile contexts for rural women in hard-to-reach areas.
London, United Kingdom, IPPF, 2015 Sep. 2 p.In some areas of Pakistan, girls and women are vulnerable to harmful traditional practices, like swara (now illegal, a form of reconciliation where a girl or woman is given in marriage to settle a dispute) and early marriage, and many of them face tremendous obstacles to basic services, including sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services.
Paris, France, UNESCO, 2014.  p.This report builds on a program of work on sexuality education for young people initiated in 2008 by UNESCO. It is also informed by several other past and ongoing initiatives related to scaling up sexuality education, as well as drawing on case studies presented at the Bogota international consultation on sexuality education, convened by UNFPA in 2010. The report emphasizes the challenges for scaling-up in terms of integrating comprehensive sexuality education into the formal curricula of schools. It aims to provide conceptual and practical guidance on definitions and strategies of scaling-up; illustrate good practice and pathways for successful scale-up in light of diverse contextual parameters; and provide some principles of scaling up sexuality education that are of relevance internationally.
Coordination, management and utilization of foreign assistance for HIV / AIDS prevention in Vietnam. Assessment report.
Ha Noi, Vietnam, CCRD, 2006 Oct. 82 p. (CCRD Assesssment Report)International assistance for HIV / AIDS prevention and control in Vietnam has significantly contributed to combating this epidemic. However, while current resources have not yet fully met the needs, the management and utilization of resources still had many limitations which affect the effectiveness of foreign assistance and investments. The independent assessment was prepared for the Conference on “the Coordination of Foreign Assistance for HIV / AIDS Prevention and Control”. Analytical assessment and comments on the management and coordination of foreign aid were made on the basis of Government’s official procedures and regulations on those issues. This research was carried out in October, 2006.
A healthy partnership -- a case study of the MOH contract to KHANA for disbursement of World Bank funds for HIV / AIDS in Cambodia.
[Brighton, England], International HIV / AIDS Alliance, 2005 Mar. 12 p.In 1998, the Cambodian Ministry of Health was experiencing difficulties in disbursing World Bank funds earmarked for local NGOs/CBOs, and in 1999, contracted Khana to manage the disbursement process. Given the scarcity of documented successful government-NGO/CBO disbursement initiatives, the Alliance commissioned a case study of this mechanism of making World Bank funds more accessible to civil society organisations. This report of the case study outlines the background and context to adopting the disbursement mechanism, explains the selection of the disbursing agency and the process of contract negotiation, details the nature and quantity of the disbursement, and identifies the strengths, weaknesses and lessons learned from this model. (excerpt)
Journal, Indian Academy of Clinical Medicine. 2005 Oct-Dec; 6(4):268-274.At the Millennium Summit held at the United Nations (New York) in September 2000, 189 countries reaffirmed their commitment to working towards a world in which sustaining development and eliminating poverty would have the highest priority. Eight Millennium Development Goals (MDG) were adopted by a consensus of experts to measure progress in all the major areas related to the well-being of people. These included extreme poverty, education, health, gender equality, and the environment. All goals are interlinked, and efforts to achieve one goal will have positive spillover effects on several others. 18 Targets and 48 Indicators have been adopted to monitor the Eight Millennium Development Goals. Of these, 8 Targets and 18 Indicators are directly related to health. While many health indicators are "truly health indicators" such as prevalence and death rates associated with malaria and tuberculosis, some are related to critical factors for health such as access to improved water supply or dietary energy consumption (health-related indicators). India is committed to achieve the Targets under the MDGs by 2015. Incidentally, certain targets have been set under the National Population Policy 2000 (NPP-2000), National Health Policy 2002 (NHP-2002), National AIDS Prevention and Control Policy 2004, and the Tenth Five Year Plan. This paper compares goals and targets mentioned in these documents vis-a-vis selected Millennium Development Goals and Targets. This also highlights the current progress towards attaining the MDGs as well as the challenges ahead. (excerpt)
Washington, D.C., World Bank, .  p.HIV infection has taken root in South Asia, and poses a serious threat to development and poverty alleviation efforts in the region. The current trend of increasing HIV infections, combined with heightened social and economic vulnerabilities that are fueled by massive population movements (cross-border/rural-urban migration and trafficking), a pervasive sex industry, and the presence of injecting drug use, highlights the urgent need to act quickly and effectively. Denial of the HIV/AIDS epidemic has led to devastating economic and social consequences, which are now well documented. Recognizing this potential threat, South Asian countries, with the support of the donor community, have intensified the fight against HIV/AIDS; the speed, level, and quality of response, however, continue to vary across the region. There is a need for sustained advocacy to increase political commitment and for operationally relevant analytic work to improve the technical efficiency and effectiveness of the national programs. Financial resources to fight HIV/AIDS in South Asia have increased significantly over the past few years, with new donors such as the Global Fund and the Gates Foundation taking a greater prominence in supporting country efforts. Resource constraints, however, remain; as there is a growing demand, as well as increasing commitment, of the national programs to provide anti-retro viral treatment, and at the same time, scale up prevention. As such, South Asian countries recognize the importance of making better decisions for how best to allocate resources available for HIV/AIDS prevention. There is, however, a need to strengthen capacity of the national programs to undertake analysis and to utilize this information for policy formulation and program design. The World Bank, being the leader in providing economic advice on AIDS, has a clear and strong comparative advantage, in relation to other agencies, including UN partners and bilaterals, to assist the South Asia region in addressing this need. (excerpt)
The Planned Parenthood Association of Thailand: prevention of domestic violence against women and children in Thailand through the promotion of reproductive health.
Innovations: Innovative Approaches to Population Programme Management. 2001; 9:73-100.Thailand is the third largest country among the Southeast Asian nations with an area of approximately 513,000 square kilometres. It has a total population of about 62 million with 95 percent of the population embracing Buddhism. Known for having a soft-spoken society rich in culture and high in spirituality, the general assumption is that domestic violence is rare. Yet such a state of security does not exist regardless of the culture that one belongs to. On many occasions domestic violence not only involves women, but children usually suffer the consequences as well. It is not unusual that such acts of violence are considered a family affair and thus many cases go unreported or unpublicised, perhaps out of the victims’ fear or simply from ignorance of their rights. The Thai government has come a long way in countering the prevalence of domestic violence through on-going efforts to amend its legal system and constitution. Demonstrating commitment to protect women and children from discrimination and violence, it has acknowledged various international treaties and even incorporated the rights and welfare of women and children in its National Plan framework. (excerpt)
Population ageing and development: social, health and gender issues. Report of an Expert Group Meeting, Population Ageing and Development: Social, Health and Gender Issues with a Focus on the Poor in Old Age, 29-31 October 2001, Valletta, Malta. [Envejecimiento de la población y desarrollo: aspectos sociales, de salud y de género. Informe de la reunión del Grupo de Expertos sobre Envejecimiento y Desarrollo: aspectos sociales, de salud y de género centrado en los pobres en la vejez, 29-31 de octubre de 2001, Valletta, Malta]
New York, New York, UNFPA, 2002 Apr. x, 93 p. (Population and Development Strategies Series No. 3)Professor Fenech welcomed participants of the Expert Group Meeting on Population Ageing and Development, convened in Malta by the United Nations Population Fund in collaboration with the UN Programme on Ageing, HelpAge International and the AARR He stated that INIA was proud to host the event. "This three-day international expert group meeting is particularly timely and important, for during these three days, we will explore the approaches and programmes that are meaningful and necessary to address the needs of the older poor and frail, especially those living in developing countries. It is hoped that at the end of the meeting there will be a set of recommendations which could be presented at the Second World Assembly on Ageing in Madrid in April next year. I am confident that we are going to have a most productive and fruitful meeting". (excerpt)
Monitoring development progress: data collection needs and challenges. Background paper for the Fifth Asian and Pacific Population Conference, Senior Officials Segment, 11-14 December 2002, Bangkok.
Bangkok, Thailand, ESCAP, 2002 Nov 26. 9 p. (PRUDD/SAPPC/INF.9)Population-based data and indicators are crucial for national and sub-national policies and plans, for development frameworks, such as the United Nations' Common Country Assessment (CCAs) and the Poverty Reduction Strategies Papers (PRSPs), for national and global tracking of progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) derived from the global United Nations conferences and summits of the 1990s, for results based management, as well as for evidence based policy dialogue. The increased demand for indicators to measure development progress, has heightened national and international awareness of the need to build sustainable statistical capacity for the collection of timely and relevant statistics for policy formulation and programme management. The ability to provide timely indicators to measure development progress requires several data collection sources and instruments, as well as a well-resourced national statistical system. This paper reviews the data needs for monitoring development progress. (excerpt)
Choices. 2001 Autumn; 9-11.The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) Field Office was opened in Almaty, Kazakhstan in 1996 to assist nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that are new or pending members of the IPPF European Network. This document summarizes the advocacy, capacity-building and media work of that office.
In: All of us. Births and a better life: population, development and environment in a globalized world. Selections from the pages of the Earth Times, edited by Jack Freeman and Pranay Gupte. New York, New York, Earth Times Books, 1999. 142-4.In the villages of Nepal, women have organized themselves and begun saving schemes through Amma Tolis (Mothers Groups). Over the past four years, the women in Amma Tolis built 250 resting places along the route that women travel; helped build two primary school buildings; conducted literacy classes for women; broadened village trails for easy access to villages; and helped maintain springs and wells for water supply. The labor was provided by the women themselves. Some of their activities received assistance from UNICEF, the UN Development Program, the UN Population Fund, and the local government. Eventually, Amma Tolis was able to render loans from the saving schemes to start income-generating activities. Development projects like these, which involve village participation, accomplish three important things: 1) they develop capacity at the grassroots level; 2) they provide and generate capital; and 3) they develop skills.
In: International watercourses: enhancing cooperation and managing conflict. Proceedings of a World Bank seminar, edited by Salman M.A. Salman, Laurence Boisson de Chazournes. Washington, D.C., World Bank, 1998. 65-76. (World Bank Technical Paper No. 414)This technical report chapter is devoted to a discussion of legal management issues of watercourses in the Aral Sea Basin: program goals, a 1992 cooperative agreement, regional institutions for reinforcing cooperation, and annual bilateral and multilateral agreements. There is a need to strengthen the water management legal framework. Donors could play a role in providing technical and financial assistance, as crucial factors in development and implementation of legal strategies. Other tools for improving transboundary water-related environmental concerns include the Nukus Declaration (1995) and the UN Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses (TWs) (1996). Central Asian states have not ratified the UN Convention but the principle of "the polluter pays" and public participation of all key stakeholders are important for developing strategies for efficient water use. The ecosystem protection approach of the Helsinki Convention would be useful for protection of the deltas of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers and for prevention of desertification in this region. The Central Asian Republics recognize the need to strengthen the existing institutional and legal regulatory framework and to adapt to new demands. However, institutional legal instruments need to be integrated. The countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan adopted an Aral Sea Basin Program in January 1994. The aim is to stabilize the environment of the Aral Sea Basin, to rehabilitate the Disaster Zone, to improve the management of TWs, and to build capacity to assist riparian states in cooperation and adoption of a sustainable regional policy.
Inventory of national and regional institutions and national consultants in the countries of Central and South Asia.
Kathmandu, Nepal, UNFPA, Country Support Team for Central and South Asia, 1996 Dec. , 49 p.This report presents a listing, by country, of national and regional institutions dealing with population, reproductive health, and women's issues in Central and South Asia and a list of national consultants. The countries with this information include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the Central Asian Republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
Washington, D.C., World Bank, Environment Department, Social Policy and Resettlement Division, 1997 May. , 83 p. (Environment Department Papers Participation Series No. 052)This report reviews lessons learned by the World Bank (WB) about the involvement of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in WB-financed "social funds." Since 1986, the WB has channeled more than $1.3 billion to more than 30 social funds in Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe to 1) mitigate the social costs of structural adjustment programs or respond to emergencies, 2) improve living conditions for impoverished people, and/or 3) promote decentralization of service delivery by building local capacity. Social funds may finance small-scale activities in the health, education, water, and sanitation sectors and/or meet basic needs, create social programs, set-up micro/credit programs to develop small enterprises, or develop infrastructure. After providing a general introduction, the report outlines the various roles that NGOs can have in implementation of social funds, the benefits and risks of such involvement, and the current extent of NGO involvement. The third section identifies the key issues and lessons learned, and section 4 reviews the principal criticisms and concerns of NGOs. Section 5 offers recommendations for improving NGO involvement in WB-financed social funds. Specific examples and case studies are highlighted throughout the report, and annexes summarize NGO involvement in selected social funds and provide a sample checklist, manual, gender action plan, implementation agreement, financing agreement, bidding document, and works contract.
VIETNAM POPULATION NEWS. 1998 Jul-Sep; (8):5-7.This article identifies four new projects that were funded for 1997-2000 in Viet Nam. The projects focus on capacity building for contraceptive distribution, support for national education and training in reproductive health and population development (RH/PD), promotion of male participation in RH/PD, and strengthened national capacity for RH. Funding is provided by UNFPA and the government of Viet Nam. This 30-month project aims to complete a systematic review and revision of existing national population policies, to improve knowledge among key program managers of national family planning program at all levels, to revise population and development information, and to meet people's needs for RH services. Services include family planning, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, social marketing of contraceptives, and community based distribution. Additional funding will support a program to provide contraceptive services and information to adolescents. The project supports the Women's Union and the Peasant's Union in working to incorporate a gender-based approach in RH and family planning policies. The Ministry of Health will receive financial support for developing an RH policy that will advise programs, organize technical support for RH programs, establish an RH information management system, strengthen management training, and improve research capacity.