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  1. 1
    300907

    Blood safety and AIDS: UNAIDS point of view.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 1997 Oct. 7 p. (UNAIDS Point of View; UNAIDS Best Practice Collection)

    Eighty percent of the world's population live in developing countries, but developing countries use only 20% of the world's blood supply for transfusions. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which causes AIDS is easily transmitted through blood transfusions. In fact, the chances that someone who has received a transfusion with HIV-infected blood will himself or herself become infected are estimated at over 90%. While millions of lives are saved each year through blood transfusions, in countries where a safe blood supply is not guaranteed, recipients of blood run an increased risk of infection with HIV. Other diseases -- such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis, Chagas disease and malaria -- can also easily be transmitted through blood transfusions. Worldwide, up to 4 million blood donations a year are not tested for either HIV or hepatitis B. Very few donations are tested for hepatitis C. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    186463
    Peer Reviewed

    Global AIDS epidemic worsens.

    Stephenson J

    JAMA. 2004 Jan 7; 291(1):31-32.

    The global AIDS epidemic infected an estimated 5 million individuals in 2003, bringing the world total of individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS to 40 million, said officials from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). The disease claimed about 3 million lives--the highest toll ever for a single year. Although sub-Saharan Africa remains the most severely affected region, tallying two thirds of all infections and more than two thirds of all deaths, HIV also is spreading rapidly in Eastern Europe and making worrisome inroads in Asia, threatening the immense populations of China and India. (excerpt)
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