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[Quality of life and its related factors among HIV/AIDS patients from HIV serodiscordant couples in Zhoukou of Henan province].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]. 2016 Apr; 50(4):339-45.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality of life and its related factors among HIV/AIDS patients from HIV serodiscordant couples in Zhoukou city of Henan province. METHODS: During January to May in 2015, by the convenience sample, World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire for Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF) (Chinese version) and a self-edited questionnaire were used to investigate 1 251 HIV/AIDS patients who were confirmed with HIV positive by local CDC, registered in"HIV serodiscordant family" and agreed to participate in a face-to-face interview with above 18 year-old based on the local CDC , township hospitals and village clinics of 9 counties and 1 district of Zhoukou city, excluding the HIV/AIDS patients who were in divorce, death by one side, unknowing about his HIV status, with mental illness and disturbance of consciousness, incorrectly understanding the content of the questionnaire, and reluctant to participate in this study. The scores of quality of life of physical, psychological, social relations, and environmental domain were calculated. The related factors of the scores of different domains were analyzed by Multiple Two Classification Unconditioned Logistic Regression. RESULTS: The scores of investigation objects in the physical, psychological, social relations, and environmental domain were 12.00+/- 2.02, 12.07 +/- 2.07, 11.87 +/- 1.99, and 11.09 +/- 1.84, respectively. The multiple Unconditioned Logistic Regression analysis indicated that age <40 years, on ART and no other sickness in last two weeks were beneficial factors associated with physical domain with OR (95%CI): 0.61 (0.35-1.06), 0.52 (0.30-0.90), and 1.66 (1.09-2.52), respectively. The possibility of no poverty and no other sickness in last two weeks increased to 0.15(0.09-0.26) and 1.57(1.06-2.33) times of those who was in poverty and with other sickness in last two weeks in physical domain. The possibility of participants who were below 40 years old and with children increased to 0.58 (0.34-0.98) and 0.37 (0.23-0.57) times of who were above 40 years old and without children in psychological domain. The factors of with AIDS related symptoms, no children and with other sickness in last two week were found to be significantly associated with environmental domain with OR (95%CI): 0.65 (0.48-0.88), 0.66 (0.51-0.85), and 0.65 (0.51-0.84), respectively . CONCLUSION: The scores of every domain of quality of life in HIV serodiscordant couples of Zhoukou city were good. Age, whether having AIDS related symptoms, whether to accept ART , children, status of poverty, and whether suffering from other diseases in last two weeks were the main factors associated with the quality of life.
AIDS Reader. 2003 Jan; 13(1):5-6.In a special session of the United Nations, held from June 25 to 27, 2001, access to medications was recognized as one of the fundamental elements ensuring the innate right of all persons to enjoy the highest attainable standard of health. The prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS were emphasized as "mutually reinforcing elements" of an effective health response. Yet, of the 43 million people currently living with HIV/AIDS, fewer than 1 million have access to and are treated with antiretrovirals. That fact has become part of a new public service campaign to increase awareness of this issue in the United States. (author's)
BMJ. British Medical Journal. 2003 Jun 21; 326:1389-1392.Summary points: The number of cases of AIDS in India will probably exceed 20 million by 2010. The limited resources should be used for large cost effective programmes to decrease spread of the disease. Money spent now will be much more effective than money spent later in the epidemic. Adequate supplies of condoms and antibiotics must be secured. Prevention should be given priority over antiretroviral treatment. (excerpt)
Lancet. 2002 Mar 30; 359:1134.In an effort to improve access to HIV/AIDS drugs, the WHO published on March 20, 2002 its first list of products that meet the agency’s recommended standards and are thus classified as suitable for procurement by UN agencies. The list, which includes 40 products from eight manufacturers, features 11 antiretrovirals and five products for opportunistic infections. The Indian firm as well as the Medecins Sans Frontieres welcomed the inclusion of generic manufacturers although International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Associations, which represents international companies with patents to defend, was more critical. However, WHO said it was satisfied that the approval process conformed with its own rigid norms. It is said that products and manufacturing sites would be assessed at regular intervals and will be removed from the list if they no longer comply with the standards.