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  1. 1

    Operation "restore order" wreaks havoc in Zimbabwe.

    Kapp C

    2005 Oct 1; 366:1151-1152.

    Aid organisations are fighting an uphill battle to help victims of Zimbabwe’s disastrous Operation Restore Order which, according to UN envoy Anna Tibaijuka, left an estimated 700 000 people without a home or livelihood and caused chaos and suffering “on an unprecedented scale”. The clampdown on slum dwellers and street traders—ostensibly to tackle crime—added to the humanitarian nightmares in the southern African nation where more than one-third of the population will soon be dependent on food aid; where HIV/AIDS rates of some 25% are expected to rise; and where life expectancy has plummeted to 33 years. Although the UN launched urgent appeals for drought-stricken neighbouring countries like Malawi and Mozambique, its efforts to aid victims of Operation Restore Order have been frustrated by the Zimbabwean government. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    Peer Reviewed

    Who takes responsibility for Zimbabwe?

    Lancet. 2005 Oct 1; 366:1138.

    Zimbabwe is in crisis. Since May, Operation Murambatsvina (“drive away rubbish”) has led to the forced evictions and demolition of communities countrywide, leaving hundreds of thousands of people homeless. This mass destruction has exacerbated the problems of drought and malnutrition, increased the devastation of HIV/AIDS, and worsened national economic meltdown. A UN report has estimated that over 79 500 people with HIV/AIDS were among those evicted, disrupting home-based care, and Zimbabwe’s antiretroviral programme. The crucial issue of adherence to drug regimens has been seriously threatened. In public-sector antiretroviral programmes, it is estimated that 30% of patients have experienced a break in drug supplies of at least 2 weeks. 2 weeks is enough to further the development of clinically significant resistance to nevirapine, the cornerstone of the government’s firstline antiretroviral protocol. Interruption in treatment— coupled with the disruption to social and safety mechanisms, overcrowding, lack of access to clean water, food, and shelter, especially with the onset of winter looming—make the sick even more vulnerable. (excerpt)
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