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Coverage of selected health services for HIV / AIDS prevention and care in less developed countries in 2001.
Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2002 Nov. v, 38 p.The Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS adopted by the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS in June 2001 commits Member States and the global community to taking strong and immediate action to address the HIV/AIDS crisis. It calls for achieving a number of specific goals, including reducing HIV prevalence among young men and women, expanding care and support and protecting human rights. The Millennium Development Goals adopted at the Millennium Summit in September 2000 call for expanded efforts to halt and reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. Other important documents, such as the Abuja Declaration and Framework for Action on HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Other Related Infectious Diseases adopted at the African Summit on HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Other Related Infectious Diseases in 2001, declare regional and national commitments to confront the epidemic. Progress towards achieving these goals requires significantly expanding HIV/AIDS programmes to foster a supportive environment, to prevent new infections, to care for those already infected and to mitigate the social and economic consequences of the epidemic. One measure of progress is the percentage of people living in low- and middle income countries who have access to key prevention and care services. This report presents the results of an assessment of the coverage of several key health services in 2001. It is intended to serve as a baseline against which future progress can be measured. This report includes about 70 countries, including most low- and middle income countries with more than 10 000 people living with HIV/AIDS in 2001. The information presented here relies on service statistics and on expert assessment and is therefore much less precise than estimates based on population-based surveys. The results should be interpreted with caution but are useful in indicating the starting point in efforts to achieve future goals. (excerpt)