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New York, New York, Basic Books, 1988. xii, 372 p.The US Environment Program has joined the World Resources Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development to put together the periodic, objective, and current report of conditions and trends of the natural resources of the planet. The 1988-1989 report represents the first biennial report. One section of the report includes reviews on world resources. The last section is full of data tables and charts for those world resources. The world resources addressed range from population and health to global systems and cycles. The focus of the human settlements chapter is urban solid waste disposal and that of the wildlife and habitat chapter is on sustainable development and biological diversity. The policies and institutions chapter discusses agricultural, forestry, and livestock policies. Even though the focus of the population and health chapter is on pesticide use and health (3000-20,000 deaths from pesticide poisoning annually), it has not neglected the AIDS pandemic. Despite increasing per capita food production in every region except Africa, the numbers of hungry people are growing. The leading sources of energy in the world are fuelwood and oil. The middle section of the report centers on rehabilitating and restoring degraded lands, especially degraded mountains, drylands, and irrigated cropland. The report contains a detailed index to direct readers to their particular area of interest.
EARTHWATCH. 1991; (41):15.The National Audubon Society began a population program in 1979, set up a 5-year plan of public education, advocacy and coalition-building in 1985, and joined a broad-based coalition of the Sierra Club, the National Wildlife Federation, the Population Crisis Committee and the Planned Parenthood Federation of America in 1990. The 1985 impetus resulted in production of teaching materials and staging of focus groups across the U.S. The 1990 coalition has directed funds to the USAID Office of Population. Another project is the International Environment/Population Network, which organizes letter-writing, media programs and town meetings for ordinary citizens to press for sustainable development. Many of the Audubon's 510 local chapters have partnerships with similar groups in other countries, as do 8 wildlife sanctuaries have links to sanctuaries abroad. An example is the Indus River in Pakistan visited by the manager of Audubon's Platte River Sanctuary in Nebraska. The 2 rivers share the problem of reduced flow and vegetation overgrowth as a result of engineering projects upstream.