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  1. 1
    Peer Reviewed

    World is ill-prepared for "inevitable" flu pandemic.

    Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2004 Apr; 82(4):317.

    The recent avian influenza outbreaks in Asia serve as stark reminders that another influenza pandemic is inevitable and possibly imminent, said WHO Director- General, Dr LEE Jong-wook, during a conference on influenza preparedness hosted by WHO on 16-18 March 2004. "We know another pandemic is "inevitable," said LEE. "It is coming. And when this happens, we also know that we are likely to have enough drugs, vaccines, health-care workers and hospital capacity to cope in an ideal way." Poultry culling and other measures may have reduced the likelihood of a human pandemic influenza strain emerging soon from Asia as a consequence of avian flu. However, experts believe that because these outbreaks come in cycles, a human influenza pandemic must be expected at some time in the future. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Global biodiversity strategy. Guidelines for action to save, study, and use Earth's biotic wealth sustainably and equitably.

    World Resources Institute; World Conservation Union [IUCN]; United Nations Environment Programme [UNEP]; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO]; UNESCO

    Washington, D.C., WRI, 1992. vi, 244 p.

    Humanity depends on all other forms of life on Earth and its nonliving components including the atmosphere, ocean, bodies of freshwater, rocks, and soils. If humanity is to persist and to develop so that everyone enjoys the most basic of human rights, it must protect the structure, functions, and diversity of the world's natural systems. The World Resources Institute, the World Conservation Union, and the UN Environment Programme have joined together to prepare this strategy for global biodiversity. The first 2 chapters cover the nature and value of biodiversity and losses of biodiversity and their causes. The 3rd chapter presents the strategy for biodiversity conservation which includes the goal of such conservation and its contents and catalysts and 5 actions needed to establish biodiversity conservation. Establishment of a national policy framework for biodiversity conservation is the topic of the 4th chapter. It discusses 3 objectives with various actions to accomplish each objective. Integration of biodiversity conservation into international economic policy is 1 of the 3 objectives of the 5th chapter--creating an international policy environment that supports national biodiversity conservation. Correct imbalances in the control of land and resources is a clear objective in creating conditions and incentives for local biodiversity conservation--the topic of the 6th chapter. The next 3 chapters are devoted to managing biodiversity throughout the human environment; strengthening protected areas; and conserving species, populations, and genetic diversity. The last chapter provides specific actions to improve human capacity to conserve biodiversity including promotion of basic and applied research and assist institutions to disseminate biodiversity information.
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  3. 3

    Strengthening protected areas.

    World Resources Institute; World Conservation Union [IUCN]; United Nations Environment Programme [UNEP]; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO]; UNESCO

    In: Global biodiversity strategy: guidelines for action to save, study, and use Earth's biotic wealth sustainably and equitably, [compiled by] World Resources Institute [WRI], World Conservation Union [IUCN], United Nations Environment Programme [UNEP], in consultation with Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO], UNESCO. [Washington, D.C.], WRI, 1992. 117-32.

    There are 8163 protected areas worldwide covering 750 million hectares of marine and terrestrial ecosystems amounting to 5.1% of national land area. One objective is to identify national and international priorities for biodiversity conservation by national reviews of protected area systems; by immediate and longterm action for establishing protected areas (strictly protected areas of nature reserves, national parks and extractive areas of habitat and wildlife management areas and protected landscapes); by international assessment of requirements (authorization and funding of the IUCN Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas and use of the analyses of the 4th World Congress on National PArks and Protected Areas, February 1992, and the Parks in Peril program that identified 200 sites in Latin America); by promoting the establishment of private protected areas; and by international cooperation in area management (the International Council for Bird Preservation and the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network identified the habitat of migratory birds). Another objective is to ensure the sustainability of protected areas and to contribute to biodiversity conservation by more extensive participation in protected area management plans (internal management of each site, human use of protected areas, development and bioregion resource use policies, study of biodiversity, and financial needs); by expanded management objectives of protected areas; by increasing the ecological and social value of protected areas through external land purchase and zoning and conservation of adjacent private lands; by raising the ecological and social value of such areas through expanded benefits to people (nature tourism and employment related to protection); and by restoring degraded lands within protected areas and adjacent lands.
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  4. 4

    Why Audubon has population programmes.

    Baldi P

    EARTHWATCH. 1991; (41):15.

    The National Audubon Society began a population program in 1979, set up a 5-year plan of public education, advocacy and coalition-building in 1985, and joined a broad-based coalition of the Sierra Club, the National Wildlife Federation, the Population Crisis Committee and the Planned Parenthood Federation of America in 1990. The 1985 impetus resulted in production of teaching materials and staging of focus groups across the U.S. The 1990 coalition has directed funds to the USAID Office of Population. Another project is the International Environment/Population Network, which organizes letter-writing, media programs and town meetings for ordinary citizens to press for sustainable development. Many of the Audubon's 510 local chapters have partnerships with similar groups in other countries, as do 8 wildlife sanctuaries have links to sanctuaries abroad. An example is the Indus River in Pakistan visited by the manager of Audubon's Platte River Sanctuary in Nebraska. The 2 rivers share the problem of reduced flow and vegetation overgrowth as a result of engineering projects upstream.
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