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Should adolescents be specifically targeted for nutrition in developing countries? To address which problems, and how?
Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], . 38 p.Concern for nutrition in adolescence has been rather limited, except in relation to pregnancy. This paper reviews adolescent-specific nutritional problems, and discusses priority issues for the health sector, particularly in developing countries. Chronic malnutrition in earlier years is responsible for widespread stunting and adverse consequences at adolescence in many areas, but it is best prevented in childhood. Iron deficiency and anaemia are the main problem of adolescents world-wide; other micronutrient deficiencies may also affect adolescent girls. Improving their nutrition before they enter pregnancy (and delaying it), could help to reduce maternal and infant mortality, and contribute to break the vicious cycle of intergenerational malnutrition, poverty, and even chronic disease. Food-based and health approaches will oftentimes need to be complemented by micronutrient supplementation using various channels. Promoting healthy eating and lifestyles among adolescents, particularly through the urban school system, is critical to halt the rapid progression of obesity and other nutrition related chronic disease risks. There are pressing research needs, notably to develop adolescent-specific anthropometric reference data, to better document adolescents' nutritional and micronutrient status, and to assess the cost-effectiveness of multinutrient dietary improvement (or supplements) in adolescent girls. Our view is that specific policies are needed at country level for adolescent nutrition, but not specific programmes. (author's)
[L'Oreal aids women in science in the countries of the South] L'Oreal aide la science au feminin dans les pays du Sud.
EQUILIBRES ET POPULATIONS. 2001 Mar; (66):4.The L’Oreal Award for Women in Science rewards 5 scientists annually with UNESCO support. As such, L’Oreal, a cosmetics manufacturer, is making an effort to support women’s role in research in both developed and developing countries. Professor Adeyinda Gladys Falusi, a 2001 award recipient, describes the difficult conditions in which she has studied, for 25 years, the molecular genetics of often seen hereditary blood diseases in Nigeria, such as falci-form anemia. In Africa, and especially Nigeria, a lack of resources frustrates research. When resources are available, the equipment is old and poorly maintained. Energy and transport problems also exist, including frequent power outages. It is common for lights and computers to lose power in the middle of an experiment. Regarding information sources, research centers and universities lack funding to subscribe to scientific journals. Although many of her colleagues have gone to work in countries with better research conditions, Professor Falusi prefers to remain in Nigeria with hopes of having a more significant impact upon her society. She hopes her research will directly and significantly help populations. Professor Falusi visits schools to help prevent the diseases she researches, such as anemia, affecting 3 million people in Nigeria and associated with multiple complications. She also researches malaria. Falusi and her colleagues lack the resources and support they need to properly teach the population about its health and provide access to health services. They depend upon international aid, which should be more forthcoming.