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  1. 1
    273165

    Women and drug abuse.

    United Nations. Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs. Branch for the Advancement of Women

    WOMEN 2000. 1987; (2):1-18.

    It has become clear that, although many groups and organizations are concerned with the general question of drug abuse, there has been little effort made to consider the problem with special reference to women. This issue draws attention to some of the elements that particularly concern women. The 1st section discusses the proceedings of the UN International Conference On Drug Abuse And Illicit Trafficking. Special attention is paid to the Comprehensive Multidisciplinary Outline of Future Activities in Drug Abuse Control and the Declaration of the International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. The next section was prepared by the Division of Narcotic Drugs of the UN. It stresses maternal drug abuse and implications for intervention. The 3rd section discusses the activities of the Un Fund For Drug Abuse Control. The 4th section outlines rehabilitation approaches to drug and alcohol dependence including the ecological approach, survival skills training, assertiveness training, and health promotion. Finally the role of the Food and Agriculture Organizazion of the UN in combating drug abuse is analyzed.
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  2. 2
    067794

    Report from Consultation on Psychosocial Research Needs in HIV Infection and AIDS, Geneva, 25-28 May 1987.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Global Programme on AIDS

    [Unpublished] 1989. 18 p. (WHO/GPA/SBR/89.2)

    A meeting was held to review the state of research upon the behavioral aspects of HIV transmission, the social factors associated with it, and the effectiveness of control measures, and to consider priorities and future social and behavioral research directions. Despite advances in the virology and immunology of AIDS, much research is called for regarding behavioral aspects of HIV transmission and the impact of AIDS on individual and community life. Such knowledge may be applied in developing effective intervention strategies. The report discusses the nature of the problem, followed by specific topics in the social and behavioral aspects of HIV transmission. Sexual behavior, homosexuality, prostitution, substance abuse, and injections and other skin piercing practices are covered. Social perceptions and explanatory systems are explored, along with coping strategies broken into family children, psychosocial expression, counselling, and family, marriage and reproduction subtopics. Recommendations for research are set forth in the report, aimed at high risk behavior, explanatory models/systems, and coping responses. A variety of research methodologies are suggested, and include population-based surveys, psychometric, ethnographic, and other psychosocial approaches as well as focus group methods. Brief closing mention is made of translating research into action, technical working groups, collaborating centers, a research steering committee, and communications/information.
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