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In: Population perspectives. Statements by world leaders. Second edition, [compiled by] United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA]. New York, New York, UNFPA, 1985. 87-8.Solid population research, including regional and national surveys on fertility, mortality, and migration, has provided a foundation for development planning in the Ivory Coast. The population growth rate has risen from 3.6/year in the 1965-75 period to 4.3%/year since 1975. The birth rate is over 50/1000 and the fertility rate is 17/1000. The overall rate of population growth has been intensified by immigration, which has increased from 75,000 individuals/year in 1965-75 to a current level of 94,000 individuals/year. If current trends continue, aliens will comprise 30% of the country's population by 1990. Another trend has been widespread rural-urban migration. The rate of population growth in rural areas of the Ivory Coast was 1.8% in 1975-80, while that in urban areas was 8.8%. Rural development has been severely affected by a shortage of young men in the north and the savannah. The city of Abidjan holds 20% of the country's total population and half of the urban population. Another salient demographic feature is the young age profile of the population: 43% of current inhabitants are under 15 years of age. Improvements in the physical, social, economic, and psychological well-being of the Ivory Coast population require continued attention to modification of existing demographic trends through research-based population planning.