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  1. 1
    070187

    Suriname.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume III. Oman to Zimbabwe, compiled by United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1990. 122-5. (Population Studies No. 102/Add.2; ST/ESA/SER.A/102/Add.2)

    Suriname's 1985 population of 375,000 is projected to grow to 628,000 by the year 2025. In 1983, 37.2% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 6.6% were over the age of 60. 22.4% and 13.9% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 22.0 to 9.6 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 68.0 to 76.7 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 6.8 to 5.8, while infant mortality will decline from 36.0 to 9.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 3.6 to 2.1, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 28.8 to 15.4. No information is reported on the contraceptive prevalence rate and female mean age at 1st marriage. Urban population will increase from 45.7% in 1985 to 69.8% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, fertility, and insignificant immigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while mortality, morbidity, spatial distribution, and high emigration are not. Suriname does not have an explicit population policy. While supporting the provision of contraceptives, health services, and primary health care for the population, the government does not intervene in population growth and fertility. It is, however, illegal to provide family planning services and information to adolescents. Efforts have also been taken to stem international emigration and shift spatial distribution toward the interior of the country. Population policy as it related to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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  2. 2
    070186

    Sudan.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume III. Oman to Zimbabwe, compiled by United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1990. 118-21. (Population Studies No. 102/Add.2; ST/ESA/SER.A/102/Add.2)

    Sudan's 1985 population of 21,818,000 is projected to grow to 59,594,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 45.2% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 4.5% were over the age of 60. 33.9% and 6.3% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined by 28.6 to 17.4 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 47.8 to 63.8 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 17.3 to 7.7, while infant mortality will decline from 118.0 to 51.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 6.6 to 3.0, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 45.9 to 25.1. The 1978/79 contraceptive prevalence rate was 4.6, while the 1973 female mean age at 1st marriage was 18.7 years. Urban population will increase from 20.6% in 1985 to 45.5% overall by the year 2025. Population growth and fertility are considered to be acceptable by the government, while mortality, spatial distribution, and significantly high immigration and emigration are not. Sudan does not have an explicit population policy. Official focus centers largely upon improving the standard of living through attention to infant and maternal mortality, maternal-child care, and providing primary health care and basic social services. The status of women and a modified spatial distribution are other priority concerns of the government. Population policy as it related to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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