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International Family Planning Perspectives. 2008 Jun; 34(2):98.Physical and sexual intimate partner violence may have lasting effects on a woman's health, according to a recent multicountry study by the World Health Organization. Compared with women who had never been abused, those who had suffered intimate partner violence had 60% greater odds of being in poor or very poor health, and about twice the odds of having had various health problems, such as memory loss and difficulty walking, in the past four weeks. (excerpt)
Lancet. 2007 May 26; 369(9575):1789-1790.Although pelvic organ prolapse is a significant problem in affluent countries, the situation in developing countries is far worse. This is mainly a result of high fertility with early marriage and childbearing, many vaginal deliveries, and in certain countries such as Nepal, frequent heavy lifting. In Nepal, fertility until recently was very high and most deliveries take place at home, with only 14% in a health facility and less than 3% by caesarean section. In developing countries, the extent and effects of morbidity associated with pelvic organ prolapse are seldom acknowledged, because of patients' embarrassment. However, studies in Nepal, supported by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), have begun to identify the suffering of women with this disorder. Findings indicate that 10% of women have pelvic organ prolapse, of whom about half require operative management (30.9% with stage II, 12.6% with stage III, and 1.4% with stage IV or procidentia). Women report difficulty in sitting (82%), walking (79%), and lifting (89%), all of which affect their acceptance as full family and community members. The social consequences of prolapse are substantial, and include physical and emotional isolation, abandonment, divorce, ridicule, low self esteem, abuse, lack of economic support, and domestic violence. In Nepal, UNFPA is supporting efforts to identify women with pelvic organ prolapse through reproductive health camps and to contract gynecologists to treat these women at district hospitals. We suggest that more attention should be given to acknowledging the profound consequences of uterine organ prolapse and establishing programmes in developing countries to prevent and manage this frequently severely debilitating condition. (full text)
UN Chronicle. 2002 Dec; 39(4): p..Almost 5 million children die each year from preventable causes. Environmental hazards kill the equivalent of a jumbo jet full of children every 45 minutes. These scary statistics have spurred the World Health Organization (WHO) to launch a new -- movement to try and tackle the crisis and reduce by two thirds the number of deaths of under-five-year-olds by 2015. Under WHO Director-General Dr. Gro Harlem Brundtland, the movement is busy mobilizing partners, such as key organizations and Governments, to achieve results in six areas: household water quality and availability; hygiene and sanitation; indoor and outdoor air pollution; disease vectors such as mosquitoes; chemicals; and accidents. According to Dr. Brundtland, the provision of healthy environments for children would be one of the highest social and political priorities of the decade. "Our top priority must be in investing in the future of children, a group that is particularly vulnerable to environmental hazards." She identified "hazards" as being dangers present in the environment in which children live, learn and play. She added that increased industrialization, explosive urban population growth and lack of pollution control were just a few added factors that affect children's lives. (excerpt)
Healthy environments for children: workshop on the "promotion of collaborative research", Pattaya, Thailand, 3-5 February 2003.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2003. 36 p.Children’s exposure to environmental threats has been recognized as an increasing problem in many countries of the South East Asia and Western Pacific Regions. Both traditional threats, such as lack of access to safe water and sanitation and new, emerging environmental risks, such as those posed by endocrine disrupters, are a cause of concern. In addition, more is known–but not enough- about the special “windows of susceptibility” in children, periods when the timing of exposure may be more important than the dose. Despite the rising concern of the scientific community, progress has been slow in the identification and study of some environmental threats on children’s health and the efficacy of interventions. (excerpt)
Tashkent, Uzbekistan, Analytical and Information Center, 2003 May. ix, 30 p.This preliminary report documents the changes that have occurred in the medical-demographic situation of Uzbekistan since the 1996 Demographic and Health Survey. Additional information is provided concerning issues of both male and female adult health: life style practices, knowledge and attitudes towards tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, STDs, risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, and information about respiratory, digestive, and dental diseases. (excerpt)
World Health. 1993 Jan-Feb; 46(1):3.Worldwide, approximately 3.5 million people die every year as a result of injuries caused by accidental or intentional violence. The risk of injury to individuals has been neglected for too long, as has the need to prevent and reduce injuries. Since public health is improving in many countries, and life expectancy at birth is increasing everywhere, it is less acceptable than ever before that so many people should meet a violent and premature death, or that millions of others should become permanently handicapped. In devoting World Health Day 1993 to the prevention of accidents and injuries, the WHO draws attention to the consequences for individuals and society of accidents and acts of physical violence, which very often can be prevented. It aims to show that in contemporary society, safety is a matter of individual and collective responsibility and it should form an integral part of health promotion policies.