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[Main objectives of the WHO Special Program on Human Reproduction] Osnovnye napravleniia Spetsialnoi Programmy VOZ po Reproduktsii Cheloveka.
AKUSHERSTVO I GINEKOLOGIIA. 1984 Jul; (7):3-6.The WHO Special Program on Human reproduction was established in 1972 to coordinate international research on birth control, family planning, development of effective methods of contraception, and treatments for disorders of the human reproductive system. The Program's main objectives are: implementation of family planning programs at primary health care facilities, evaluation of the safety and effectiveness of existing birth control methods, development of new birth control methods, and development of new methods of sterility treatment. In order to attain these goals, the Program forth 3 major tasks for international research: 1) psychosociological aspects of family planning, 2) birth control methods, and 3) studies on sterility. Since most of the participating nations belong to the 3rd World, the Program is focused on human reproduction in developing countries. The USSR plays an important role in the WHO Special Program on Human reproduction. A WHO Paticipating Center has been established at the All-Union Center for Maternal and Child Care in Moscow. Soviet research concentrates on 3 major areas: diagnosis and treatment of female sterility, endocrinological aspects of contraception, and birth control prostaglandins.
[Status of research in the field of developing modern methods of birth rate regulation (based on data of the WHO enlarged program of human reproduction in 1977)] o sostoianii nauchnykh issledovani: i v oblasti razrabotki sovremennykh metodov reguliatsii rozhdaemosti (po dannym rasshirenno: i programmy VOZ poreproduktsii cheloveka za 1977.
AKUSHERSTVO I GINEKOLOGIIA. 1979; 2:3-5.The problem of human reproduction, especially of birth rate regulation has received much attention in the last decade. The main goal of the enlarged program of research undertaken by WHO in 1977 is to find modern, safe, convenient, and effective methods of contraception which are helpful for family planning. The basic topics under study are oral contraceptives, hormonal medications with prolonged effectiveness, intrauterine contraception, intravaginal and intercervical contraception, contraceptives from plants, biochemical methods of determining ovulation and others. Promising methods under study are the immunological approach based on the search for vaccines with the ability to inhibit sperm locomotion, development of zygote or implantation of the ovum and new methods for male fertility contraception (e.g., intranasal introduction of steroids). Definite attention is paid to methods of surgical sterilization of men and women. Problems of the postabortion period and treatment of infertility are also under intensive investigation in many countries participating in the WHO enlarged program on human reproduction.