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    [The second session of the Global Commission on AIDS in Brazzaville, the Congo, 8-10 November 1989] Vtoroe zasedanie Globalnoi komissii po SPID v Brazzavile, Kongo, 8-10.11.89.

    Pokrovskii VI


    The Global Commission on AIDS is a duly constituted organ of the World Health Organization established in 1989. Its functions are the examination and elucidation of the global progression of epidemics, especially that of the HIV, and fighting the spread of HIV infections. It has 23 members. There was evidence of the spread of AIDS in connection with narcotic use (contaminated needles), thus combating drug use was a major factor in halting its spread. At the end of the 1980s the AIDS epidemic was graver than expected. Despite the global strategy and the change of the behavior of high risk groups, AIDS continues to spread. The number of the infected increased in eastern Europe, western Africa, and southeastern Asia mainly as a result of drug use and prostitution. The strategy includes fighting against prejudice and discrimination, promotion of sexual education, and the use of condoms. The strategy for the 1990s includes strengthening clinical research and therapy; the development of a vaccine; ethics and human rights; and the study of prostitution, the behavior of clients and prostitutes, and very sexually active groups. The widespread practice of blood transfusion during delivery in Africa, insufficient nutrition, and anemia was detailed by the Congolese member. The danger of spreading AIDS further by the contaminated blood of donors who obtain false AIDS tests was mentioned. A special session of the General Assembly of the UN could address the issues of narcotic demand, combat the danger of cocaine use, and suggest appropriate legislative measures. The 3rd meeting was scheduled for March 1990 in Geneva with an agenda on safe blood transfusion; quarantine and isolation; and developing a vaccine within 5 years whose testing on humans poses ethical problems, as observing the law without violation of human rights is required.
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