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  1. 1

    Selected demographic indicators from the United Nations population projections as assessed in 1990.

    Japan. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Institute of Population Problems

    Tokyo, Japan, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Institute of Population Problems, 1991 Feb 22. [9], 143 p. (Research Series No. 267)

    According to the UN Population Projections of 1990, the world population of 5 billion, 292 million, 200 thousand in 1990 will reach 6 billion, 260 million, 800 thousand in the year 2000 with an annual increase rate of about 100 million. 94% of the increase will be in developing countries. In the year, 2025, the world population will be 8 billion, 54 million. 96% of the increase between 2000 and 2025 will also be in developing countries. The ratio of the population of developing countries to the world population was 77% in 1990 and will be 80% and 84% in 2000 and 2025 respectively. The new UN projections added about 10 million to the previous figure projected for 2000 and 38 million to the same for 2025. The World Bank's Projections are 6 billion 204 for the year 2000 and 8 billion 15 million for 2025. Their figures are slightly smaller than UN figures. Their data also include Taiwan and socio-economic group specific population, both of which are not found in UN data. In 2150, the world population is projected to be 11 billion 499 million with all of the increase from 2050 to 150 taking place in the developing region. According to high medium, and low variants in the UN projections, world population in 2020 will be 9 billion 400 million, 8 billion 500 million, and 7 billion 600 million respectively. Asian population, which constituted 55% of the world population in 1950, will be 59% in 1990. Since 1980, Southern Asia and Africa have seen the highest increase rates. African population, which was 9% in 1950 and 12% in 1990, will increase to 19% in 2025. After 2000, population in some regions of Europe will decrease as it will in Japan after 2010. The world population as a whole changed from high fertility and high mortality to high fertility and low mortality and then to low fertility and low mortality. In 1990, the population pyramid of developing nations was expansive triangular, while that of highly industrialized nations was constructive high rise or near stationary. The age specific ratio in industrialized regions will be 13% in 2000 and 18-19% in 2025.
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  2. 2

    [The global significance of the Cairo conference: the new program of action of the International Conference on Population and Development].

    Atoh M


    The [1994] International Conference on Population and Development was held in Cairo, Egypt....In this essay I briefly described global population trends and [their] economic and ecological implications, stated the temporal progress from arguments in the three Preparatory Committees toward the achievement of consensus at the end of the Cairo Conference, summarized and commented [on] each chapter of the Programme of Action, clarified the major characteristics of the Cairo document compared to the documents in Bucharest and Mexico City, and finally discussed the effectiveness of the strategy suggested in the Cairo document for addressing population and development issues in the context of sustainability. (SUMMARY IN ENG) (EXCERPT)
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  3. 3

    [A summary report of the second meeting of the Population Committee]

    Kono S


    The second meeting to spearhead the "Independent Commission on Population and Quality of Life" (temporary name), initiated sand sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, was held in Italy on March 4 and 5, 1992. The meeting was attended by 21 people representing the US, Britain, Germany, Holland, Sweden, Japan, Indonesia, Mexico, and Egypt, as well as the UN Population Fund, Ford Foundation, MacArthur Foundation, and Hewlett Foundation. The topics the commission discussed were its scope and purpose; its role; the selection of its staff director and chairman; its official title; its location; schedule of meetings, reports, publications, hearings, and activities; and its budget and fund raising. Made up of distinguished politicians, scholars, celebrities, intellectuals, and women from developing countries, the Commission will have its own new perspective in conducting international population projects. Population problems handled by the Commission should include international migration, aging populations, poor public health, and the low status of women as well as population control by planned parenthood in developing countries. Environmental issues will also be included. The Commission currently lists 8 candidates for chairmen and 6 candidates for staff director. The Commission will be called either the "Independent Commission on Population" or the "Independent Commission on Population and Quality." The majority favored Europe as the headquarters site. It was suggested that 4 to 5 million dollars per three years will be needed. The following countries and organizations will be able to offer financial assistance in one way or another: Sweden, Holland, Britain, Germany, US, the UN Population Fund, the Ford Foundation, the MacArthur Foundation, the International Planned Parenthood Federation, and the Rockefeller Foundation. Japan, the World Bank and the Hewlett Foundation have already been asked to contribute. It was suggested that other Nordic countries and Canada also be approached about funding.
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  4. 4

    [A study of "vital statistics" in the United Nations, "Demographic Yearbook" (author's transl)]

    Yamaguchi K

    In: [Availability and use of population statistics in developing countries (author's transl)] Tokyo, Institute of Developing Economies, 1978. 133-73.

    Describes and examines the limitations of the Yearbook with regard to adopting data for Asian countries. While the Yearbook covers a wide range of countries and areas, and all fields of demographic statistics, it is difficult to get information out of the Yearbook, all the data are not trustworthy, and users must use the latest edition, since data in the earlier series are changed according to a new standard base. (author's modified) (summary in ENG)
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  5. 5

    [Summary report of the 18th session of the United Nations Population Commission]

    Kuroda T

    Jinko Mondai Kenkyu. Journal of Population Problems. 1975 Apr; (134):51-9.

    An outline of the 18th Session of the United Nations Population Commission is described in 4 parts in this report. A total of 50 member and non-member nations participated. 8 agenda were presented: election of officers; adoption of the agenda; implications of the world population conference; report on the world population year 1974; report on the progress of work; biennial work programme; medium-term plan, and long-term perspectives; draft provisional agenda for the 19th session of the commission; adoption of the report of the commission. Problems of the world population conference were examined as well as actions to implement the recommendations of the world population conference at the national and international levels; implications of the conference for strengthening of the relevant units of the secretariat; and recommendation to the economic and social council. 4 resolutions were adopted: population; the status of women and the integration of women in development; guidelines on population related factors for development planners; and work programme in the field of population international migration.
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  6. 6

    [A report on the United Nations World Population Conference]

    Kuroda T

    Jinko Mondai Kenkyu. Journal of Population Problems. 1974 Oct; (132):32-40.

    Representatives from 137 nations attended the United Nations World Population Conference held in Bucharest, Rumania between August 19th and 30th, 1974. The topics include: 1) recent population trends and future prospects; 2) population change and economic and social development; 3) population, resources and the environment; 4) population and family; and 5) World Population Plan of Action (WPPA). The WPPA drew the most of the attention in the conference. The WPPA proposal has been made since the 17th conference of 1973. After several modifications the final manuscript was born in this conference. The entire proposal includes 4 parts: chapter 1) backgrounds of the proposal; chapter 2) the principle and the purpose; Chapter 3) recommendation for the action; and chapter 4) recommendation for accomplishment. Chapter 3 is the central part and includes: 1) population goal and purpose which contains: the increase of population; disease and death; population reproduction and the formation of families; population distribution and the migration within the country; immigration (international population migration); and population structure. The conference was considered successful.
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