Your search found 8 Results
Ugeskrift For Laeger. 2010 Jan 11; 172(2):117-20.Undernutrition is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in emergencies. The response depends on the extent and type of undernutrition in the affected population. Nutritional status is assessed by weight-for-height, mid-upper arm circumference and micronutrient deficiencies. Food aid is distributed in general or selective feeding programmes. Promotion of breastfeeding has been found to be one of the most efficient strategies to prevent undernutrition. There is a lack of evidence to support the optimal composition of food aid products, but there is an increasing focus on the importance of research in this field.
[Third generation oral contraceptives and risk of venous thrombosis] Tredjegenerations-p-piller og risikoen for venose tromboser.
Ugeskrift for Laeger. 2002 Jan 14; 164(3):346.The third-generation pill was introduced as a better option than the second-generation pill due to its improved effect on the lipid profile of the user. It thus came as a surprise that the great international case control study of the WHO showed a greater risk of venous thrombosis associated with the use of the third-generation pill, compared to the second-generation pill. (excerpt)
SYGEPLEJERSKEN. 1992 Mar 18; 92(12):15-6.UNICEF's 1992 report about the situation of children called for increased efforts to overcome malnutrition, disease, and illiteracy in poor countries. Developing countries were criticized for devoting only 12% of their budgets to health care and education of the poorest. Rich countries were criticized for setting aside only about 10% of their development assistance for health care, education, and family planning. One billion people do not have access to adequate food, clean water, health care, and schooling. After half a century of wars and ideological conflict, it is time to solve conflicts in the world peacefully and concentrate on social needs to blaze the trail towards a new world order. According to James Grant, the executive director of UNICEF, every week 250,000 perish because of hunger and disease, and of those who survive, many millions subsist in malnutrition and disease. This is a crisis situation that requires priority attention. However, there are signs of change, as evidenced by the World Summit on Children in September 1990. This was the largest such gathering, with 71 state and government leaders and other representatives from 159 countries. Its results included a program to prevent 4 million child deaths a year, put an end to malnutrition, eradicate poliomyelitis, and provide clean water, family planning methods, and basic education for all. In 1990 a goal was set to vaccinate 80% of the children of developing countries within 10 years, but only 1 out of every 10 children has been vaccinated so far, which still amounts to 3 million lives saved every year. Hitherto 60 countries have drafted national plans, which should increase to over 100 by early 1992. Mexico decided to boost the budget of health care and education for the poorest fifth of the population. The need of developing countries for 12-13 billion dollars could be secured from reducing their military outlays by 10%, while the share of developed countries of 6-7 billion dollars to reach all the goal of the Summit could be obtained from reducing their military expenditures by only 1%. Only 1% of developing country assistance allocation is needed for establishing basic health care service that could prevent 80% of diseases and the consequences of malnutrition. Only about 1% is needed for family planning and even less for elementary schools.
SYGEPLEJERSKEN. 1992 Jun 10; 92(24):4-6.The World Health Organization's General Assembly in 1992 reiterated the importance of nursing and midwifery in the execution of health for all strategies. Already the 1989 General Assembly made clear that these should be strengthened, but there has not been much progress. A work group was organized with the objective to make proposals about priorities and coordination with other international organizations. The WHO also supports the idea of primary health care (PHC), making sure that there is adequate political and economic backing accorded to it. Committee A dealt with health-related objectives and Committee B with political and budget-related goals. The numerous goals included health questions, education of people, prevention and control of drugs and alcohol, prevention of handicaps, vaccination programs, health and the environment, neonatal health, nutrition and development, and global strategy for the prevention and control of AIDS. With respect to nursing, the aim was to recruit qualified personnel, and training on all levels. In 1991 there was a WHO report prepared at the headquarters comparing progress to 1989. The number of nurses had decreased in WHO programs since 1989, and engagement had slackened. Priorities include cooperation with member countries, a solution to personnel shortage, support to countries in the development of strategic planning relating to manpower, policy development, workshop development, and support to the WHO information system in the area of nursing. The 1992 proposals contain a multiprofessional advisory group for general direction to cooperate in all activities of nursing and midwifery in WHO and the cooperate in all activities of nursing and midwifery in WHO and the member countries. 400 experts discussed the topic of women's health across age and frontiers illustrating the state of women's health in the world with graphs and photos. There was a long list of socioeconomic issues compared to the status of men. 36 nurses and midwives took part in the WHO assembly with inspired interest, lobbying, and resolution preparation, expressing commitment to follow up on these resolutions.
SYGEPLEJERSKEN. 1992 Mar 11; 92(11):26.A new method of predicting the gender of the unborn child has made it a practice in Bombay to abort about 40,000 female fetuses per year. In only one hospital 8000 such induced abortions have been recorded. Sex discrimination in developed countries manifests itself in the work place, wages, and access to work, but in India and other countries such discrimination is often deadly. In some Asian countries there are fewer women than men; at least 60 million women are missing from statistics. The Southeast Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) declared the 1990s the decade of the infant girls, with educational efforts geared to their survival, protection, and development. 70 state and government leaders took part in the world meeting on children in 1990. UNICEF supports the endeavor to draw attention to the plight of women. The reason for many millions of women missing in Asia is that 5-6% more boys than girls are born. Under normal circumstances mortality is higher among boys than girls in all age groups. In Denmark there are 105 women for every 100 men, but according to the 1991 Indian census there were 92.9 women for every 100 men, a decrease from 93.4 in 1981. In Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Nepal, and Pakistan the gender ratio is similar. Both mothers and fathers are responsible, because of tradition, when it comes to choosing a girl or a boy. A large number of girls die of undernutrition and untreated diseases. They are forced to work in the household, in agriculture, or in industry twice as many hours than boys. Thus, they do not have time to go to school. The bordellos of Bangkok, Bombay, Calcutta, and Manila have a constant supply of young women for tourists from rich countries. In most cases they are forced into prostitution because of the poverty of parents. In the Indian state of Karnataka 8-10 year old daughters are rendered as temple servants who end up as prostitutes after ritual deflowering at puberty. Social engagement, political will, and education could give Asia's infant girls a chance to be on equal footing with their brothers.
[AIDS placed in an international, future perspective] AIDS -- set i et internationalt fremtidsperspektiv.
SYGEPLEJERSKEN. 1987 Mar 4; 87(10):24-6.This review outlines the epidemiology of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) through 1987 and spells out the strategy statements adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1986. The WHO statement recognizes that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a matter of serious international health concern and that HIV infection has a public health aspect as well as a personal one. HIV was declared a threat against the limited health progress which has been made up to that time in many Third World countries. Since neither a vaccine nor treatment is likely in the next few years, the strategy for fighting the HIV epidemic will have to be long range, probably extending beyond a single generation. On the international level, the primary responsibility of centralized and regional planning agencies is coordination, which involves the exchange of information on HIV epidemiology, advice and guidelines on programs which member countries have introduced. Under WHO guidelines, national AIDS plans should include a monitoring system, laboratories and their support units, education and information to health care personnel, and preventive means aims at the population in general and especially at the risk groups in the population. WHO urges health professionals to express themselves as clearly and scientifically as possible in their analysis of AIDS as a worldwide public health problem.
UGESKRIFT FOR LAEGER. 1987 Sep 7; 149(37):2493.Danida, a Danish medical assistance program for developing countries, was the earliest support organization of the World Health Organization's Special Program on AIDS (SPA). Danida is today the largest donor to the health sector in the east African countries where AIDS has its greatest extent outside the USA: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, and to a lesser degree Zambia, Malawi and Zimbabwe. Without coordination there is a great risk that these resources will be used for investments not thoroughly examined such as, in Uganda, for an $11 million blood transfusion center, or in Kenya, a national data communications network so that AIDS statistics could be collected rapidly from every district in the country. With respect to the danger of the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by vaccination or injections, the wide distribution of hepatitis B virus has always been the stimulus toward tight precautions in sterilizing cannulas and syringes. The risk of vaccinating HIV-positive children with living vaccine is felt to be very small, but it is not ignored. Danida has therefore taken the initiative, together with the Danish researchers and WHO, to carry out a prospective study in a highly endemic area in order to clear up this question.
[Children's health. 40. Unacceptable that 14 million children die every year] Borns sundhed. 40. Uacceptabelt at 14 millioner born dor hvert ar.
SYGEPLEJERSKEN. 1987 Oct 7; 87(41):30-1.The 40th annual report of the UN Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) states that about 7 million of the 14 million children who die throughout the world each year could be saved by modern methods of health care and food supply. UNICEF's executive director James Grant points out that 40 years ago little international attention was given to mass death from starvation, but today any such crisis attracts the mass media, and people and governments act to avoid mass death. Undernourishment and epidemics continue to threaten the world's children and more than 280,000 children die from these causes each week. Even with the crises of the past two years in Africa there have been more deaths among children in India and Pakistan than in all of Africa's 46 countries together. Existing knowledge on cheap methods of improving the health of children in underdeveloped countries is sufficient to save at least 7 million children's lives each year. Many millions more could have a normal growth with better information on replacements on mother's milk, vaccinations and access to supplies of water, sugar, and salt for oral rehydration therapy. Just as important are the new technologies of the communications revolution which is taking place in underdeveloped countries. Most homes have a radio, and televisions are available in most villages and in many small communities there are schools and health workers.