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[Social preconditions of founding and developing the family planning movement] Drustveni preduslovi osnivanja i razvoja pokreta planiranja porodice u svetu.
STANOVNISTVO. 1991 Jan-Jun; 18-19(1-2):245-67.Family planning, as a broader social movement, is of a recent date, although biological reproduction, as part of social reproduction, has been in the focus of human interest since the beginning of the human race. The great thinkers of the past have endeavored to find a connection between social trends and the population movement. Thus, they shaped population theories which, in the earlier stages of social development, were primarily an integral part of the economic approach towards social development. Contrary to the belief that population problems have received attention only in recent research, it has been demonstrated historically that these have attracted the attention of the great thinkers in the course of the development of human thought. Development of family planning, in its modern sense, shows that it had usually been considered as a remedy for overpopulation until the UN proclaimed it one of the basic human rights in 1966. Primary accumulation in England, implying accelerated growth of an army of the unemployed, is part of the core of the current family planning concept, the cradle of family planning in its modern sense. The Malthusian League which accepted Malthus's economic doctrine on population was founded in 1877. Reaction to their activities came at the very beginning from an ever-increasing revolutionary stream of the socialist movement. Socialist-oriented working class leaders pronounced an anathema on the Malthusian League's doctrine segments of the English society. The Neo-Malthusian leagues were founded in some European countries, but they were particularly strong in Denmark and Holland; later on, they emerged in the Far East as well. The Malthusian League held its last conference on its 50th anniversary in 1927. The First International Conference on Planned Parenthood was held in Stockholm in August 1946. "Each child has the right to be wanted by both parents and all parents have the right to decide on the number of children to be born..." is the basic message of this Conference. At this Conference, the First International Committee was established. The International Conference on Family Planning prepared by the International Committee for Family Planning, together with the National Organization for Family Planning in India, was held in Bombay in 1952. Thus, the International Planned Parenthood Federation was "born". (author's modified) (summaries in SCR. ENG)