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Aid policies. The flow of aid. Paris, December 1-4, 1970. Paris, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Development Centre, 1971. 234 pThe Third Annual Population Conference organized by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Center took place in December 1970 at the Development Center in Paris. The conference was concerned with the population programs of a number of the less developed countries, with the foreign aid of the programs, and with population activities in general. A summary of the proceedings is presented. The main conclusions which arose from the review of some current population programs are given with a series of policy statements by aid donor agencies together with a brief description of their policies and mandates where appropriate, and tables showing the flow of aid in recent years. A list of addresses of donor agencies is annexed.
Reports on Population/Family Planning No. 10, October 1971. p. 1-32Mobile units in family planning in Tunisia, the United Arab Republic, Honduras, Turkey, South Korea, and Pakistan are discussed. In November 1967, the Population Council distributed questionnaires to agencies responsible for mobile family planning activities in the 6 countries where the mobile units usually operated as part of either the national family planning program or through the ministry of health. Most of the analysis in this report is based on the replies to the questionnaires. In Tunisia, the mobile units offered family planning services in many areas where no other facilities of this nature were available. All the units offered IUDs. In addition, 3 units offered oral contraceptives, 6 offered conventional contraceptives such as condoms and foam tablets, and 1 offered sterilization. In the United Arab Republic, the mobile unit program of Ain Shams University, Cairo, secured more acceptors per month than the median number of acceptors obtained by the Tunisian program and 3 times as many acceptors per day as that program. In 1966, family planning in Honduras was incorporated into the organization of the Rural Mobile Health Program. The mobile units continued to emphasize medical care and only incidentally engaged in family planning activities. In terms of performance, number of IUD acceptors was very small largely because of the small time spent in recruiting acceptors. In South Korea, the Ministry of Health was responsible for the mobile unit program. In 1966, the average team in the Korean program secured more first acceptors of all methods and of IUDs in a month than the median of acceptors obtained by teams in the other programs under study. In Turkey, the program brought family planning to rural and urban areas. The main weakness of the program was lack of adequate follow-up care. In Pakistan, the district family planning boards, the West Pakistan Research and Evaluation Center, and the Family Planning Associations of Lahore and Dacca all use mobile units. Throughout the survey of mobile units, the International Planned Parenthood Federation found that 1 of the principal shortcomings of mobile unit programs was provision of adequate follow-up care.