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Youth and Reproductive Health in Countries in Transition: report of a European regional meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark, 23-25 June 1997.
New York, New York, UNFPA, 1997. vii, 70 p.A report of a European meeting is presented in this document. The youth and reproductive health meeting held in Copenhagen, Denmark, June 23-25, 1997, was one of the regional meetings organized by the UN Population Fund to enhance the active participation of young people in discussing issues and formulating reproductive and sexual health programs. 67 participants attended the meeting, representing the countries of central and eastern Europe, countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltic States; government and nongovernmental organizations from the aforementioned areas; and the national youth organization. This document is subdivided into 6 parts: 1) introduction; 2) opening session; 3) summary of presentation, which includes challenges to adolescent reproductive health; 4) key issues in reproductive and sexual health, which includes unprotected sexual relations and their consequences, sexual abuse, exploitation and violence against young women, lack of clear policies and programs, inadequate social support system, lack of knowledge and skills, lack of sound and relevant information services, lack of human and financial resources, and concluding observations; 5) strategies for action, which include the framework, and the proposed interventions; and 6) concluding remarks.
JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT RESEARCH. 1997 Oct; 12(4):421-53.Sexuality education for children and young adults is one of the most heavily debated issues facing policy-makers, national AIDS program planners, and educators, provoking arguments over how explicit education materials should be, how much of it there should be, how often it should be given, and at what age instruction should commence. In this context, the World Health Organization's Global Program on AIDS' Office of Intervention Development and Support commissioned a comprehensive literature review to assess the effects of HIV/AIDS and sexuality education upon young people's sexual behavior. 52 reports culled from a search of 12 literature databases were reviewed. The main purpose of the review is to inform policy-makers, program planners, and educators about the impact of HIV and/or sexuality education upon the sexual behavior of youth as described in the published literature. Of 47 studies which evaluated interventions, 25 reported that HIV/AIDS and sexuality education neither increased nor decreased sexual activity and attendant rates of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). 17 reported that HIV and/or sexuality education delayed the onset of sexual activity, reduced the number of sex partners, or reduced unplanned pregnancy and STD rates Only 3 studies found increases in sexual behavior associated with sexuality education. Inadequacies in study design, analytic techniques, outcome indicators, and the reporting of statistics are discussed.
Washington, D.C., CEDPA, . 20 p.This 1996 annual report of the Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA) opens with a message from CEDPA's board, which notes that the organization's activities have continued to expand through efforts to improve health, development, human rights, and gender equality in Africa, Asia, eastern Europe, and Latin America. In particular, CEDPA worked with nongovernmental organizations and funding agencies to achieve continued growth of women's advocacy, activism, and leadership. During 1996, CEDPA used participatory processes to provide technical assistance and training to 73 community organizations that acted as policy advocates, advanced women's rights, extended media impact, and mobilized interfaith action. Also during 1996, CEDPA's gender-focused family planning and reproductive health projects were expanded; CEDPA conducted a Democracy and Governance Initiative, which involved leading women's groups in an effort to build civil society in Nigeria; family planning, reproductive health, and maternal/child health were promoted in Nepal; and maternal health services were strengthened in Romania. In the area of youth and leadership, CEDPA provided training, funding, and technical assistance to 40 partners in 20 countries and sponsored conferences in the US and India. The Better Life Options for Girls and Young Women program flourished, and adolescent reproductive health was promoted in Africa and Latin America. Girls in Egypt received education and training, and youth rights were promoted in Africa and Asia. CEDPA's capacity-building training program reached 841 people representing 54 countries, and CEDPA partners moved to attain program sustainability and increase gender equity in programs, projects, and institutions. Regional networks strengthened training and advocacy efforts. In addition to describing these activities, this annual report lists CEDPA's training participants by region, sponsors of the global training program, training mentors, partners, supporters, board and staff members, publications, and offices and provides a financial statement for 1996.