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Choices. Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Europe. 2003 Autumn; 35.Reaffirms the human rights basis of sexual and reproductive rights and the need to preserve, guarantee and expand these rights for all peoples in Europe and around the world; underlines its commitment to prioritise the human rights approach to sexuality and reproduction in all activities of the federation; recalls that sexual and reproductive rights are already the subject of international human rights law, jurisprudence, treaties and conventions; reaffirms that the IPPF Charter on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights outlining 12 rights provides the framework for work in progressing towards the full recognition of sexual rights as human rights; welcomes the recognition of other civil society groups of the human rights basis of their specific work in sexuality, reproduction, health and equality. (excerpt)
Brussels, Belgium, IPPF, European Network, 2000. 32 p.This annual report documents the work carried out by the International Planned Parenthood Federation European Network (IPPF EN) in 2000. The European Network consists of 37 member Family Planning Associations (FPAs) with a Regional Office in Brussels. Promotion of sexuality and education and contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS is the main focus of the FPAs' work, and, within that context, the needs of young people are the highest priority. In 2000, FPAs were running projects addressing the needs of diverse groups including refugees, internally displaced people, migrants, Roma communities, sex workers, gay men, and victims of gender violence. In Eastern Europe, FPAs are providing basic services, information, and training to health professionals, particularly where governments and health care systems are compromised by fragile economies and conservative attitudes towards the rights of women and young people. A number of FPAs are also active in the field of international and European advocacy. At the regional level, the EN has given priority to advocacy, program development, and institution building. Their campaign has given observance for the human right to sexual and reproductive health in different fora, facilitating the creation of new FPAs in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kazakhstan and Georgia, and providing support in capacity building and sustainability to established and also nascent FPAs.
Washington, D.C., Catholics for a Free Choice, Catholic Voices, . , 54 p.This discussion paper focuses on the Catholic Voices, an international forum on issues of population and development. This paper proves that Catholics can and should support the Program of Action. Part 1 shows areas of the Program of Action. Part 2 shows how positions taken by the Vatican at Cairo on a number of key reproductive and sexual health issues did not accurately reflect the richness and diversity of church tradition. It is on this issue that the global community strove to educate the Church. Moreover, it is on these issues that the Vatican delegates at Cairo held rigidly to the current conservatism fostered by Pope John Paul II. Finally, conclusion in the form of a theological reflection is offered to analyze the behavior of the Vatican at Cairo on the areas of disagreement.
JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT RESEARCH. 1997 Oct; 12(4):421-53.Sexuality education for children and young adults is one of the most heavily debated issues facing policy-makers, national AIDS program planners, and educators, provoking arguments over how explicit education materials should be, how much of it there should be, how often it should be given, and at what age instruction should commence. In this context, the World Health Organization's Global Program on AIDS' Office of Intervention Development and Support commissioned a comprehensive literature review to assess the effects of HIV/AIDS and sexuality education upon young people's sexual behavior. 52 reports culled from a search of 12 literature databases were reviewed. The main purpose of the review is to inform policy-makers, program planners, and educators about the impact of HIV and/or sexuality education upon the sexual behavior of youth as described in the published literature. Of 47 studies which evaluated interventions, 25 reported that HIV/AIDS and sexuality education neither increased nor decreased sexual activity and attendant rates of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). 17 reported that HIV and/or sexuality education delayed the onset of sexual activity, reduced the number of sex partners, or reduced unplanned pregnancy and STD rates Only 3 studies found increases in sexual behavior associated with sexuality education. Inadequacies in study design, analytic techniques, outcome indicators, and the reporting of statistics are discussed.