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  1. 1

    Monophasic regimens should Be first choice for new pill users.

    Family Health International [FHI]

    [Research Triangle Park, North Carolina], FHI, [2006]. [2] p. (Research Briefs on Hormonal Contraception)

    A new Cochrane review conducted by Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands and Family Health International suggests that monophasic regimens should be the first choice over triphasic regimens for new oral contraceptive users.
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  2. 2

    Declaration of intentions of the IPPF European Network, Brussels, 27 June 2003.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. European Network

    Choices. Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Europe. 2003 Autumn; 35.

    Reaffirms the human rights basis of sexual and reproductive rights and the need to preserve, guarantee and expand these rights for all peoples in Europe and around the world; underlines its commitment to prioritise the human rights approach to sexuality and reproduction in all activities of the federation; recalls that sexual and reproductive rights are already the subject of international human rights law, jurisprudence, treaties and conventions; reaffirms that the IPPF Charter on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights outlining 12 rights provides the framework for work in progressing towards the full recognition of sexual rights as human rights; welcomes the recognition of other civil society groups of the human rights basis of their specific work in sexuality, reproduction, health and equality. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    [The role and responsibility of volunteers in context of APFs] Papel e responsabilidade dos voluntarios no contexto das APFs.

    Samaio M

    Sexualidade e Planeamento Familiar. 2001 Jan-Jun; (29-30):37-9.

    The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) is considered the primary organization in the world in the area of sexual and reproductive health, however, potential donors have viewed it as too rigid. The IPPF organized a task force to confront this charge and come up with recommendations for improvement. Their proposal was that IPPF should be comprised of a diverse collection of volunteers in terms of age, sex, socioeconomic origin, occupation, performance, race, creed as well as linguistic and geographical representation in such a way that this can represent the communities in which they function.
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  4. 4

    IPPF: vital reproductive health programmes at risk.

    Population Headliners. 2001 Sep-Oct; (284):1-2.

    This news article presents the address of Director-General Ingar Brueggemann to the participants during the International Planned Parenthood Federation donors' meeting held in London on October 29, 2001. Brueggemann highlighted, in particular, the problem of funding cuts arising from the re-instatement by the Government of the US of the Mexico City Policy or "Global Gag Rule".
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  5. 5

    IPPF European Network annual report 2000.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. European Network

    Brussels, Belgium, IPPF, European Network, 2000. 32 p.

    This annual report documents the work carried out by the International Planned Parenthood Federation European Network (IPPF EN) in 2000. The European Network consists of 37 member Family Planning Associations (FPAs) with a Regional Office in Brussels. Promotion of sexuality and education and contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS is the main focus of the FPAs' work, and, within that context, the needs of young people are the highest priority. In 2000, FPAs were running projects addressing the needs of diverse groups including refugees, internally displaced people, migrants, Roma communities, sex workers, gay men, and victims of gender violence. In Eastern Europe, FPAs are providing basic services, information, and training to health professionals, particularly where governments and health care systems are compromised by fragile economies and conservative attitudes towards the rights of women and young people. A number of FPAs are also active in the field of international and European advocacy. At the regional level, the EN has given priority to advocacy, program development, and institution building. Their campaign has given observance for the human right to sexual and reproductive health in different fora, facilitating the creation of new FPAs in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kazakhstan and Georgia, and providing support in capacity building and sustainability to established and also nascent FPAs.
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  6. 6

    [Female genital mutilation in France] Mutilations sexuelles feminines en France.

    Mouvement Francais pour le Planning Familial [MFPF]. Centre de Documentation

    Paris, France, MFPF, 1993 Jun. ii, 73 p. (Dossier Documentaire)

    The French Movement for Family Planning (MFPF) has compiled documents on female genital mutilation in France. The documents are presented with an introduction entitled Excision in Law and four sections addressing the last excision trials in France; action of the public powers; in the UK, family planning action and of IPPF; trials for excision in January and February 1993 (facts across the press); and family planning in Mali fighting against sexual mutilation. Interspersed in these sections are witness accounts, indictments, and counsel's speech. Some titles of newspaper and magazine articles in the MFPF collection include Five Years in Prison for Excision (Le Monde); For the First Time in France, an African is Condemned to a Year on a Prison Farm for Having Her Daughters Excised (Le Monde); Excision: The Pain of the Innocents (Nouvel Observateur); and Excision: The Word of Cut Women (Marie-Claire). The MFPF collection presents an IPPF report called Restoring to Women their Life Space which is about female genital mutilation. The collection ends with an interview in the Bulletin of the Malian Association for Family Planning (AMPPF) with an obstetrician-gynecologist serving on the AMPPF executive board who addresses excision and other traditional practices.
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  7. 7

    Adolescents: planning contraceptive and counselling services.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. Central Council

    [Unpublished] 1985. 114 p.

    This document is a practical guide to help those Planned Parenthood Associations which want to establish contraception and counseling services for young people. It draws its examples from the considerable experience of selected European countries in what can be controversial and difficult areas. In the section devoted to adolescent sexuality and contraception, contributors cover culture and subculture, health and sexuality, sexual behavior and contraceptive services, the adolescent experience, the question of opposition to services for adolescents, and statistical indices. 1 section is devoted to examples of contraceptive counseling services for adolescents in Sweden, Italy, France, the UK, and Poland. Another section summarizes service provision examples. The 5th section presents methodology for the establishment of adolescents services and the final section discusses methodology testing of new projects. This report contends that the case for the rapid development of contraceptive/counseling services, tailored to the needs and desires of young people, is justified on moral as well as on sociological, psychological, and health grounds. It rejects totally the argument that any measure which could facilitate the sexual debut of the unmarried or legally dependent adolescent should be resisted. It does recognize public concern about family breakdown and the potential health risks of sexual activity but considers the examples given as measures designed to combat rather than ignore these. Taking into account sociological, psychological, and medical evidence, the contributors to this report challenge the following presumptions: sexual activity among the young is always and necessarily morally unacceptable and socially destructive; adolescents will resort to promiscuous sexual activity in the absence of legal deterrents such as refusal of access to contraceptive/counseling services; the potential health risks of sexual activity and use of contraceptives during adolescence provide sufficient justification for deterrent measures, including refusal of contraceptive/counseling services; and the scale of sexual ignorance and prevalence of unplanned pregnancy among adolescents can only be reduced by disincentives and deterrents to sexual activity itself. The case for the provision of contraceptive/counseling services rests on their potential to help adolescents to recognize and resist repressive forms of sexual activity, which are destructive of humanmanships. Evidence suggests that it is not difficult to attract a large cross-section of an adolescent public to use contraceptive/counseling services, where established.
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  8. 8

    Population growth problem in developing countries: coordinated assistance essential: report to the Congress.

    U.S. Comptroller General

    Washington, D.C., U.S. General Accounting Office, 1978 Dec 20. 101 p.

    Because rapid population growth in developing countries impedes efforts to improve the quality of life, the General Accounting Office (GAO) recommends that AID work with other national and international agencies, private and voluntary organizations, to improve the coordination of population assistance to developing countries. The magnitude of the population problem, and the increasing number of developing countries establishing population programs and seeking assistance combine to make effective coordination essential, to ensure that funds are applied to the highest priorities, that country programs are as efficient as possible, and that opportunities to reduce costs are identified and taken. The report is divided into 7 sections: 1) importance of coordination: views of major donors providing population assistance (AID, UNFPA, World Bank); 2) nongovernmental organizations providing population assistance and their views on coordination: Asia Foundation; Association for Voluntary Sterilization; Family Planning International Assistance; Ford Foundation; IPPF; Pathfinder Fund; Population Council; Population Services International; World Education; World Neighbors; 3) systems, arrangements, and other coordination efforts of the World Bank, UNFPA, and AID; 4) salient features or coordination systems observed in countries visited by GAO: long-range strategy; leadership; division of program responsibility (Bangladesh; Thailand; Nigeria; Tanzania; Costa Rica; Jamaica); 5) interaction among participants in countries visited; 6) division of program responsibility and specialization by organizations involved in providing population assistance; and 7) conclusions and recommendations. Appendices include: 1) comments on the draft report by AID and the Dept. of State; 2) AID population program assistance by major organizations 1965-1979; 3) assistance for population activities by major donors 1971-1976; and 4) socioeconomic data on the countries visited.
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  9. 9

    Fortieth report and accounts, 1971-1972.

    Family Planning Association [FPA]

    London, FPA, 1972. 48 p.

    Currently, public authorities pay for almost 2/3 of the family planning consultations conducted by the Family Planning Association, and this is the most significant development since the publication of the last Family Planning Association Report. Additionally, more local health authorities are operating direct clinic and domiciliary services. The Family Planning Association handed over the management of 39 clinics to public authorities in the 1971-1972 year. However, despite this progress, family planning service provision by public authorities throughout England continues to be uneven in quality and extent. Spending by local health authorities for each woman at risk varies from 1 penny per woman at risk in Burnley (excluding the city of London) to 179 pence at Islington. In addition to the problem of inconsistency in spending, there appears to be no immediate prospect of a comprehensive family planning service - one that is available to all, is free of charge, and is backed by an adequate education campaign. Although government help for the extension of domiciliary family planning service is impressive, it should not obscure the false economies in spending on other contraceptive delivery services such as general practitioners, specialist clinics, and specialized advisory centers. Until the government announces the details of its plans for family planning services within the National Health Service beginning April 1974, the Family Planning Association's own detailed planning cannot be exact. The Association's basic policy continues to be to turn over the responsibility for the management of clinic and domiciliary contraceptive services as quickly and as smoothly as possible to the public authorities. Already there is concern that some clinic services managed by public authorities may become less attractive, particularly to young people, and that differences in the quality of service will increase under local public management as well as that backup services will be neglected. Also existing is the realization that the public authorities do not do enough to attract people to the use of contraception.
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  10. 10

    Beauty-full images portraying hard lives.

    Confalone N

    Choices. 2001 Autumn; 36-7.

    In 2000, the Spanish Family Planning Association--Federacion de Planificacion Familiar de Espana--a member of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) European Network, organized an international photographic competition. The competition was supported by Face to Face, the UN Population Fund and IPPF campaign designed to increase awareness that women's rights are human rights. The theme of the competition was the situation of women around the world with respect to their sexual health, their reproductive life and their rights. From 300 entries, the jury chose 69 photographs, which were exhibited together with an additional 19 photographs, donated by professional photographers. The first `Women of the World Face to Face' exhibition opened in Madrid on 2 June 2000, accompanied by a beautifully illustrated catalogue, in Spanish. (author's)
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  11. 11

    Enlargement and development. Working with the institutions of the European Union.

    Chitalia S

    Choices. 2001 Autumn; 26-9.

    The specific location of the International Planned Parenthood Federation European Network (IPPF EN) Regional Office in Brussels provides an excellent opportunity to advocate the promotion of sexual and reproductive health and rights within the European Union (EU). To do this, IPPF EN undertakes a broad range of activities ranging from political advocacy, by, for example, influencing the content of a document or draft legislation, to awareness-raising activities such as the organization of events, information sessions, debates and discussions. Very often these actions are driven by the agenda of the different EU institutions. However, IPPF EN has an agenda of its own and a mission based on health, choice and rights and seeks every opportunity to make itself heard on these issues. The present article will focus on some aspects of advocacy work undertaken by IPPF EN in two areas of work of the EU, namely the Enlargement process and Development policy. In both these areas, IPPF EN has been advocating sexual and reproductive health and rights with some very encouraging results. (author's)
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  12. 12

    Political advocacy within the IPPF European Network.

    Claeys V

    Choices. 2001 Autumn; 23-5.

    The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) European Network consists of 38 member Family Planning Associations (FPAs) in as many countries in Europe, a Field Office in Almaty, Kazakhstan and the RO in Brussels. Thus by its nature it is well fitted to play a major advocacy role. The diverse backgrounds and expertise of staff and volunteers in the area of sexual and reproductive health and rights make the Network a strong partner in political advocacy while its geographical coverage allows for multi-faceted interventions at national, European and international levels. (author's)
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  13. 13

    The IPPF EN experience with advocacy.

    Thomas L

    Choices. 2001 Autumn; 2-5.

    The dictionary definition of advocacy is as “active support, especially of a cause.” International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) European Network has further refined this definition as the act or process of supporting a cause or issue. It is not the simple act of giving information. It is seeking to influence, to lobby for change and to sustain that change, once it has been achieved. It became necessary to refine the definition to enable colleagues throughout Europe to translate the word into their own languages. Despite the complexities of language, there is no difficulty with the concept. It is now well understood that it is an essential part of the work of movements such as IPPF and its Family Planning Associations, which want to make a difference and to improve the quality of life of people and which want to ensure that governments honor their responsibilities and agreed commitments. (author's)
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  14. 14

    [Sexually abusive behavior. IPPF's Daphne project] Comportamiento sexual abusivo. Proyecto Daphne de IPPF.

    Diamante B

    DIALOGOS. 2000 Jul-Sep; 44(24):21-4.

    A 1999 joint study by the Family Planning Associations of Italy, Estonia, and the Flemish region of Belgium in collaboration with the Department of Criminology of the University of Louvain to determine the prevalence and nature of sexually abusive behavior in youth residences and develop protective strategies is described. The Daphne Initiative was created in 1996 by the European Parliament to promote participation by nongovernmental organizations and private associations in prevention of sexual violence against children, adolescents, and women. In this context, the European Network of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) in 1999 initiated a study of sexual abuse in residences for youth. Its objective was to explore the possibility of developing strategies oriented to educators and directors for prevention of sexually abusive behavior in residences. Several experimental studies in Europe have indicated that 15 to 20% of sexual aggressors had spent part of their youth in residential institutions. The report describes the activities and philosophy behind the joint study. The work began with an analysis of related legislation in each of the three countries and interviews with directors and educators at residences. The work ends by discussing several elements of secondary prevention that should be included in a plan of action: training in sexuality and sexually abusive behavior, selection of residents, selection of residence personnel, development of the plan of action by parents and institutional personnel as well as residents, sharing information, respect for the victim and the accused, identification of all the parties involved, team decision making, the juridical principle of reparation, and adequate contact with police and other authorities.
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  15. 15

    Towards a change in status of emergency contraception [editorial]

    Cayley J

    British Journal of Family Planning. 1998 Oct; 24(3):93.

    On June 11, 1998, Jenny Tonge, a former family planning doctor, tabled a motion in the House of Commons urging the House to recognize the efficacy and safety of hormonal emergency contraception (EC), and to consider pharmacy prescription to increase its availability in the UK. Dr. Tonge was supported by Members of Parliament from all parties. At the same time, the booklet "Twenty Questions about Emergency Contraception Answered" was launched. The Birth Control Trust hopes that it will serve the current debate on emergency contraception. At the booklet's launch, a panel of experts presented views and answered questions from the press and interested parties. Roger Odd, head of practice at the Royal Pharmaceutical Society (RPS), noted that pharmacists are asked weekly for EC on weekends, often from distraught people looking for sympathetic, friendly assistance. Most pharmacists feel they could supply or sell EC according to approved guidelines. Such guidelines should be put together by the RPS and other professional bodies with the cooperation of the Department of Health. There should be no provision for referral if appropriate and no conclusion to supply by an individual pharmacist if he or she objected. Pharmacists would be covered by their own code of ethics. Practical considerations of increasing the availability of EC were noted by the managing director of Schering Healthcare, the distributor of PC4, the only UK-licensed EC product. The chief executive of the Family Planning Association (FPA) described how many men and women of all ages called the FPA national hotline for EC, while an International Planned Parenthood Federation representative described experience with EC in Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The Emergency Contraception Pilot Project in Washington, US, is noted.
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  16. 16

    ["Population, Sustainable Development and Reproductive Health," First International Seminar (Madrid, February 13, 1996)] Poblacion, Desarrollo Sostenible y Salud Reproductiva, Primer Seminario Internacional (Madrid, 13 de febrero de 1996).

    DIALOGOS. 1996 Jan-Mar; (26):7.

    The International Conference on Population and Development, held in Cairo in September 1994, recognized some basic reproductive rights which were confirmed at the International Conference on Women in September 1995 in Beijing. The Federation of Family Planning of Spain initiated concrete actions to put these accepted principles in practice within Spain by creating a working group consisting of parliamentarians, institutional representatives, nongovernmental agencies, and media experts and professionals. The Federation organized the first international seminar on population, sustainable development, and reproductive health, which was held in Madrid in February 1996 with the collaboration of the International Federation of Family Planning and the Marie Stopes International Foundation. The seminar was attended by parliamentary deputies, members of the central and autonomous administrations, and population and development experts. Some of the lectures concerned the public platform of action of the World Conference on Women and its perspectives. A number of programs on reproductive health and sustainable development and the intervention of parliamentarians in development initiated legislative actions as related by a parliamentary representative from Denmark. It was stressed that forces should be concentrated on reducing undesired fertility and unwanted family size with respect to population and its consequences. Population and development on an international level were also outlined as affecting environment, family planning education, the relationships between NGOs and the private sector, as well as the financing of programs. At a roundtable discussion, the European IPPF project director related her experience about the working group in the European Parliament regarding the previous topics and the pertinent resolutions of the parliament with respect to resources assigned to population programs.
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  17. 17

    IPPF in Eastern and Central Europe.

    Thomas L

    In: Assessment of research and service needs in reproductive health in Eastern Europe -- concerns and commitments. Proceedings of a workshop organized by the ICRR and the WHO Collaborating Centre on Research in Human Reproduction in Szeged, Hungary, 25-27 October 1993, edited by E. Johannisson, L. Kovacs, B.A. Resch, N.P. Bruyniks. New York, New York, Parthenon Publishing Group, 1997. 43-50.

    The European Region of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) has associations in 24 countries and is active in 10 other countries. Since 1989 most of its work focused on the countries of Eastern Europe, Central Europe, and the former Soviet Union. The newly formed family planning organizations are the major service providers in these countries, although they struggle with funding shortages. In Romania the Society for Education on Contraception and Sexuality was formed in March 1990 and has trained more than 500 general practitioners, nurses, students, teachers, and gynecologists in family planning; organized national congresses and press conferences; and published articles. It uses the radio to promote its services and has 9 clinics in different cities. In Russia the Russian Family Planning Association was established in December 1991 and formed 17 branches in the country. It organized seminars on adolescent sex education and contraception, modern contraceptive methods, abortion prevention, and quality care in abortion. In Bulgaria the national association was restructured to collaborate with government departments and to develop training programs in family planning. Counseling centers are also scheduled to open. In the Czech Republic 2 new clinics are to open, collaboration with the Ministry if Education would result in introducing school-based sex education, and Norplant would also be offered in services. Hungary's Pro Familia was focusing on visiting nurses to provide advice on contraception and condoms; and a model clinic was opened in Budapest. In Slovakia the new association endorsed abortion legislation and sterilization and organized conferences for health professionals. In Albania the new association opened a clinic in Tirana and held sex education seminars for teachers. Problems relate to lack of contraceptives because of the severe economic situation, the attitudes of health professionals (low doctors' salaries and misinformation about contraception), the deteriorating status of women, and the over-medicalization of family planning services.
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  18. 18

    Winning through. Stories from family planning associations that are fighting hard to overcome obstacles or reach isolated groups.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    London, England, IPPF, 1995. [16] p.

    The International Planned Parenthood Federation has published this booklet to inform others about the activities of some of its member family planning associations (FPAs) from Ghana, Jordan, Russia, Albania, Nepal, Guatemala, the Philippines, Lebanon, Bangladesh, Brazil, Nigeria, and Vanuatu. The Planned Parenthood Association of Ghana provides family planning services to refugees in the settlement at Buduburam, where a 20-year old Liberian refugee/mother is attending school. She wants no more children until she is established outside of the camp. The Russian Family Planning Association has the daunting task of aiming to reduce Russia's abortion rate in Russia, the highest in the world. The Guatemalan Family Planning Association has opened four clinics in areas inhabited primarily by the Maya. Myths about contraceptives pose its greatest challenge. Religious opposition to family planning remains an obstacle to acceptance of family planning in Bangladesh. The Family Planning Association of Bangladesh has stepped up to the challenge and conducts orientation meetings for local religious and opinion leaders which aim to enlist their support for family planning.
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  19. 19

    [Interview with Manuela Sampaio] Entrevista com Manuela Sampaio.


    The national directorate of Portugal's Family Planning Association (FPA) introduced a novel motion for the biennial period of 1994-96. 27 years after its foundation the association recommended a woman to be the president of its national directorate. This choice was proposed by the president of the International Planned Parenthood Federation at the time of the expiration of his mandate stating that the next president of IPPF should be a woman, and the idea caught on in international circles. Within different associations male perspectives and problems were also addressed in addition to the sexual and reproductive rights of women. The dominant areas of the FPA are health and education, which are intimately linked to psychology and sociology, as well as social assistance to people in need. The diverse training and educational activities at the national directorate are carried out by a staff consisting of a teacher, a psychologist, a sociologist, a nurse, and three physicians. Nowadays family planning has to be approached from a multidisciplinary point of view. For the coming two years, 1994 and 1995, the program of FPA in the area of education comprises new courses for motivators; organizing two major projects by producing materials and doing social communication field work: one for educated and uneducated young people and the other one for socially underprivileged women in poor areas; holding the 7th national meeting of voluntary workers; new interregional projects; and the formation of an interregional FPA delegation for the Azores. International work comprises the active participation in the program of the IPPF, especially with the southern European group. The Advanced School of Education also prepares teachers and motivators for sex education programs teaching basic sex education.
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  20. 20

    [Trends in European family planning programs] Tendenzen der Familienplanungsarbeit in Europa.

    Heinrichs J

    PRO FAMILIA MAGAZIN. 1992 Sep-Oct; (5):4-5.

    Organized family planning work as it is known today is quite new, although the means and methods of conscious targeting of reproductive behavior are as old as human society. In all societies the regulation of the number of birth has been a central issue. The transition from predominantly agrarian to industrial economic system has also transformed the structure of the family and its role as the location of the reproduction of the labor force. Scientific and medical research as well as the struggle of women for equality and their increasing participation in the work force and thereby their changing position in the family have all played a major role. Reproductive behavior has often been subjected to population policy goals, thus it was not surprising that Nazi Germany suppressed every attempt to introduce family planning. In the 1950s and 1960s privately organized family planning associations were established in many developing countries with the objective of reducing the rapidly increasing birth rate. As a result, even today the International Planned Parenthood Federation debates the issue of identification of family planning with birth control. In specific cases the counseling offered is restricted to problems in the use of contraceptives, undesired infertility, sexuality and partnership, and sterilization. In addition, it is necessary to provide counseling on psychosocial issues and to discuss issues in small groups. Counseling sites have to be established that use these techniques, as practiced for years by the International Planned Parenthood Federation in the European region, which has set up task forces to study how segments of the population can be reached. The established family planning organizations have been concerned with unwanted pregnancy and its prevention, unwanted infertility, sex education for all age groups, marriage counseling, and therapy. Accordingly, emancipatory family planning work has been undertaken in 20 European countries.
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  21. 21

    Late abortion meeting, Paris / France.

    Spinelli A

    PLANNED PARENTHOOD IN EUROPE. 1989 Spring; 18(1):5-6.

    On January 27 and 28, 1989 a workshop and a meeting were organized in Paris by Mouvement Francais pour le Planning Familial (MFPF/France) and the IPPF Europe Region. The workshop was held on the first day. 24 staff and volunteers from Planned Parenthood Associations of 15 countries attended, reviewing abortion laws, the definition of therapeutic abortion, and the incidence and problems of second trimester abortion. Second trimester abortion is available in only a few European countries. Second trimester abortions are rare in France (about 2000 per annum), and in 1986 1717 French women travelled to England in order to seek an abortion. All late abortions are performed for serious reasons. Older women may mistake signs of pregnancy for the onset of the menopause; and women fearful of social or familial punishment, especially teenagers, may be reluctant to consult a doctor. The experiences of Denmark and Sweden, where the problem is partially solved, suggest some strategies: optimize accessibility of contraceptive services, particularly for women at higher risk of late abortion; diminish the taboo surrounding abortion, so that women are less frightened to seek help at an early stage of pregnancy; make abortion services available in all regions of the country; avert time-consuming enforced waiting periods or consent for minors; and stimulate public information campaigns on the importance of seeking help early. On January 28 a meeting involving about 200 participants took place at the Universite Paris Dauphine, Salle Raymond Aron. Speakers at the meeting discussed the issue of late abortion in Europe, the difficulties of obtaining late abortions, counseling, medical problems, the woman's point of view, and possible solutions. At the close of the meeting, the MFPF called on the French government to modify some of the articles in the Penal Code that restrict women's access to safe and legal abortion.
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  22. 22

    SOMARC's condom projects in Morocco and Turkey achieve complete self-sufficiency.

    Futures Group. Social Marketing for Change [SOMARC]

    SOMARC III HIGHLIGHTS. 1994 Mar; (10):1-2.

    Morocco's Protex condom project was introduced in September, 1989, by Social Marketing for Change (SOMARC). Since September, 1993, when Protex became self-sufficient, the local distributor, Moussahama, has maintained strong sales, with 1993 fourth quarter sales 18 percent higher than they were the year before. Moussahama is purchasing the condoms directly through the International Planned Parenthood Federation. Moussahama continues to expand distribution to non-traditional outlets. Condom sales are projected to reach three million units in 1994, nearly 40 percent higher than in 1993. An important component of SOMARC's project was a media campaign designed to improve attitudes toward condom use. A recent study measuring the impact of the campaign documented that current condom use of any brand among married men has increase from 3% in 1989 to 20% in 1993; 93% of all married men interviewed were aware of Protex, and nine out of ten condom users said they use Protex most often. The Okey condom in Turkey became self-sufficient in December, 1993, attributed chiefly to SOMARC's having obtained from Eczacibasi, the Turkish distributor, a commitment to directly purchase all condoms to be sold in the social marketing project. Eczacibasi has covered all commodity as well as management and distribution costs of the product since its initial launch. During this time, USAID saved over US $700,000 which it would otherwise have spent providing condoms to the project. Sales of Okey have increased rapidly since the condom's introduction in June, 1991, and are expected to exceed seven million units 1994. Eczacibasi budgeted over US $450,000 in 1994 for advertising and promotion for the Okey brand. A recent study evaluating the impact of SOMARC's condom social marketing in Turkey has increased by a dramatic 124 percent. The success of the Okey condom has encouraged the London Rubber Co. to take a more active role in marketing condoms in Turkey.
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  23. 23

    In Berlin, a forum for IPPF experiences with HIV.

    FORUM. 1993 Dec; 9(2):39.

    The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) has promoted the notion of sexual health for several years as a concept under which different elements contributing to the reproductive well-being of individuals and communities are integrated. This comprehensive approach combines attention to family planning, HIV prevention, promotion of safer sex, male involvement, attention to women's perspective, and community participation. This approach was shared with activists, HIV-positive people, community health workers, professionals, representatives from international organizations and donors who attended the 9th International Conference on AIDS in Berlin in June 1993. The IPPF approach has been well-received, with colleagues from other countries requesting theoretical and educational materials used in the program, and some expressing an interest in making field visits for personal observation.
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  24. 24

    Adolescent sexual and reproductive health. Report of the workshop, CIE, Paris, 8-11 July 1991.

    Brandrup-Lukanow A; Mansour S; Hawkins K

    Paris, France, Centre International de l'Enfance, 1992. 96 p.

    The risk-taking and sexual experimentation norms of adolescence place adolescents at risk of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases of increasing prevalence. Young people experience high rates of unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion, and others prostitute themselves and/or are sexually abused by adults and/or peers. While it is imperative that the reproductive and sexual health needs of youths be addressed and met, most societies around the world fail to meet service demand. Moreover, adults typically fail to convey clear and unbiased messages to adolescents about sexuality. Adolescents need to be empowered to make their own decisions about their individual sexuality. Messages and care about sexuality should realistically endorse sex as a natural and enjoyable part of life. A 4-day workshop on youth and sexuality was jointly organized by the French Foundation International Children Center (CIE), the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), and the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ). It was held as a forum in which experiences from projects involving or addressing youths in various countries with different economic, cultural, and religious environments and in various settings could be shared and analyzed. It is hoped that workshops proceedings will ultimately help in the development of strategies to expand and improve services for youths worldwide. This publication of workshop proceedings includes abridged versions of the 14 papers presented, main issues addressed in the plenary and working group discussions, participant recommendations, and open questions which will require further research in the future. Youth, culture, and sexuality, baseline research, service delivery, sexuality education, evaluation, and policy issues of program development are considered, followed by a description of the organizations and a participant list. Authors may be contacted directly for additional information should the reader be so inclined. Furthermore, CIE, IPPF, and GTZ invite reader feedback on the publication.
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  25. 25

    Inventory of population projects in developing countries around the world, 1988/1989: multilateral organization assistance, regional organization assistance, bilateral agency assistance, non-governmental organization and other assistance.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, [1990]. [12], 932 p.

    The UNFPA periodically releases a publication listing population projects supported and/or operated by various organizations. This publication also has basic demographic data and each country's population policy. The 16th edition covers the period from January 1, 1988 to June 30, 1989. The first section reviews all the countries' programs and makes up the bulk of the publication. Each division in this section begins with demographic data, followed by the government's views about population growth, specifically as it affects mortality and morbidity; fertility, nuptiality, and family; spatial distribution and urbanization; international migration. Each division next examines the population projects and external assistance. The second section examines regional, interregional, and global programs. The regional programs are divided into Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East and Western Asia, and Europe. The next section lists published information sources including those used to compile the country, regional, interregional, and global reports. Other sources include periodic publications from various agencies and organizations which provide current information about population, addresses to obtain additional information, and a listing of UNFPA representatives (names, addresses, and telephone numbers) in the field. The Inventory concludes with a detailed index.
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