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[Sexually abusive behavior. IPPF's Daphne project] Comportamiento sexual abusivo. Proyecto Daphne de IPPF.
DIALOGOS. 2000 Jul-Sep; 44(24):21-4.A 1999 joint study by the Family Planning Associations of Italy, Estonia, and the Flemish region of Belgium in collaboration with the Department of Criminology of the University of Louvain to determine the prevalence and nature of sexually abusive behavior in youth residences and develop protective strategies is described. The Daphne Initiative was created in 1996 by the European Parliament to promote participation by nongovernmental organizations and private associations in prevention of sexual violence against children, adolescents, and women. In this context, the European Network of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) in 1999 initiated a study of sexual abuse in residences for youth. Its objective was to explore the possibility of developing strategies oriented to educators and directors for prevention of sexually abusive behavior in residences. Several experimental studies in Europe have indicated that 15 to 20% of sexual aggressors had spent part of their youth in residential institutions. The report describes the activities and philosophy behind the joint study. The work began with an analysis of related legislation in each of the three countries and interviews with directors and educators at residences. The work ends by discussing several elements of secondary prevention that should be included in a plan of action: training in sexuality and sexually abusive behavior, selection of residents, selection of residence personnel, development of the plan of action by parents and institutional personnel as well as residents, sharing information, respect for the victim and the accused, identification of all the parties involved, team decision making, the juridical principle of reparation, and adequate contact with police and other authorities.