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  1. 1

    [Final report on the regional population conference] Jelentes a regionalis nepesedesi ertekezletrol.

    DEMOGRAFIA. 1998; 41(4):335-53.

    The Regional Population Conference was convened pursuant to a resolution of the General Assembly of the UN, and the government of Hungary extended an invitation to UN bodies and hosted the conference December 7-9, 1998, in Budapest. Among the participants were members of the ECE, various UN organs, international organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and a number of demographers. After the acceptance of the agenda and election of leadership, priority themes were discussed. These included fertility, the family, and gender (the support of families with children, the status of women and gender equality); reproductive rights and sexual as well as reproductive health; mortality and health care (maintaining the progress towards longer life and better health and reversing adverse trends in the newly independent states); the demographic aging of the population (maintaining active lives through volunteer work, the pressure on social security and retirement systems, the care of people over 80 years old); and international migration (dealing with migration, the coordination of policies, refugees, and the promotion of integration). International cooperation is very important in the area of population growth and economic development as well as in the area of collection and analysis of demographic data. At the concluding meeting of the Regional Population Conference, the agreements and commitments contained in the recommendations of the 1993 European Population Conference and the Action Program of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development were reaffirmed.
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  2. 2

    [The European Fertility and Family Planning Survey in Hungary] Europai Temekenysegi es Csaladvizsgalat Magyarorszagon.

    Kamaras F

    DEMOGRAFIA. 1995; 38(4):309-39.

    During December 1992 and November 1993 data were collected in Hungary in accordance with a questionnaire developed by the Population Unit of the European Economic Committee of the UN consisting of 10 chapters. A total of 3554 women aged 18-41 and 1919 men aged 20-44 completed the questionnaires which were processed by using the Integrated System of Survey Analysis package. 14% of the women and 10% of the men had been raised without one or both parents up to age 15. In the cohorts under age 25, twice as many children experienced the divorce of their parents than in the cohorts over age 40. 57% of the women left the family home by age 24 versus 27% of the men. Only 21% of women aged 20-24 were married by the age of 20, while 41% of women had been married by that age. 17% of women aged 20-24 lived in consensual union as opposed to 4% of women aged 40. Notwithstanding these findings, marriages that were not preceded by cohabitation were more stable. One-third of women aged over 25 gave birth to the first child by age 20 and two-thirds by age 24; only one-fourth of women aged 20-24 had their first child by age 20 and two-fifths by age 24. The average number of children is 1.9. Women's use of oral contraceptives is most popular up to age 40, while over that age the use of IUDs is increasing. The number of women under 25 using condoms makes up only one-fifth of the number of women relying on OCs. 25% of women over age 40 versus 7-8% of adolescents had undergone at least one abortion. The average number of children wanted by women was 2.1; only 1-2% of young people wanted no children during their lifetime; and 80% of both men and women disagreed that the institution of marriage was an outdated concept.
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  3. 3

    [Relationships between the population and environment in the world and in our surroundings] A nepesseg es a kornyezet viszonya a vilagban es szukebb kornyezetunkben.

    Barta B

    STATISZTIKAI SZEMLE. 1989 Mar; 67(3):266-80.

    The relationship between population and the global environment is analyzed using data from U.N. sources. The author emphasizes the necessity of international programs to protect the environment and to assist countries in the management of their natural resources. Specific consideration is given to the situation in Hungary. (SUMMARY IN ENG AND RUS) (ANNOTATION)
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  4. 4

    [Contribution of Hungarian demographic science and Hungarian demographers to the work of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population] A magyar demografiai tudomany es a magyar demografusok hozzajarulasa a Nemzetkozi Nepessegtudomanyi Unio munkajahoz

    Horvath R

    Demografia. 1984; 27(1):51-76.

    The author describes the development of demography in Hungary from 1928 to the present, with a focus on the contribution of Hungarian demographers to the activities of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP). This paper is part of an IUSSP project that deals with the history of the Union and involves the preparation of papers on such activities in several countries. (summary in ENG, RUS) (ANNOTATION)
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