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UGESKRIFT FOR LAEGER. 1987 Sep 7; 149(37):2493.Danida, a Danish medical assistance program for developing countries, was the earliest support organization of the World Health Organization's Special Program on AIDS (SPA). Danida is today the largest donor to the health sector in the east African countries where AIDS has its greatest extent outside the USA: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, and to a lesser degree Zambia, Malawi and Zimbabwe. Without coordination there is a great risk that these resources will be used for investments not thoroughly examined such as, in Uganda, for an $11 million blood transfusion center, or in Kenya, a national data communications network so that AIDS statistics could be collected rapidly from every district in the country. With respect to the danger of the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by vaccination or injections, the wide distribution of hepatitis B virus has always been the stimulus toward tight precautions in sterilizing cannulas and syringes. The risk of vaccinating HIV-positive children with living vaccine is felt to be very small, but it is not ignored. Danida has therefore taken the initiative, together with the Danish researchers and WHO, to carry out a prospective study in a highly endemic area in order to clear up this question.